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Reuse of Former NIKE Missile sites

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Overview of cleanup issues and reuse potential of former NIKE missile sites and their associated properties

Overview of cleanup issues and reuse potential of former NIKE missile sites and their associated properties

Published in: Real Estate

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  • Hercules Missiles were nuclear capable missiles
  • (IRNFA) – Inhibited Red Fuming Nitric Acid – used as a fuel “starter” in the early NIKE missiles and was usually disposed to a sump area or rock filled surface disposal pit (UDMH) - Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine - (1,1-Dimethylhydrazine) is a hypergolic rocket fuel ingredient, often used as a bipropellant in combination with the oxidizer nitrogen tetroxide and less often with IRFNA or liquid oxygen. JP4 – a petroleum derivative commonly used as a jet fuel (current version is JP9) Missile fuel/oxidizer: M3, a combination of JP4 jet fuel and starter fluid consisting initially of aniline/Furfuryl alcohol, later dimethyl-hydrazine, and finally, red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) Booster fuel: Solid propellant
  • Magazine areas – hydraulic systems, asbestos tiles, lead-based paint, general debris Missile fueling ops – IRFNA, Aniline-Furfuryl alcohol, UDMH, JP-4, solvents(?) Sumps – solvents, fuel oils, motor oils, ethylene oxide (Hercules only), paints, battery acid Acid neutralization pits – batteries were changed once per missile per month (3/missile for Hercules) UST/AST – fuel oil (heating) and diesel/gasoline for vehicles; some holding tanks
  • On-Site Sewage Systems – anything in habitation areas (solvents, oil/grease, paint, battery electrolytes, etc) Missile assembly areas – fueling and cleaning of missiles (solvents, acid baths, fuels and oxidizers) Motor pools – fuels, oil, grease, paint, solvents Transformers – electrical switches and hydraulic equipment Dumps – few had on-site landfills; on-site dumping was probably “off site” areas Fencelines – hydraulic fluid and solvents used for weed control Storm sewers – severed as discharge points for sumps and drains Radioactive waste – electron tubes, radium (illuminated) dials – No nuclear materials
  • Each crew participated in annual training launches at Fort Bliss, Texas
  • Each crew participated in annual training launches at Fort Bliss, Texas
  • Each crew participated in annual training launches at Fort Bliss, Texas
  • Sumps – motor pools and generator buildings UST – used for fuel storage and some holding tanks Acid neutralization pits – vehicle battery acid Sewage systems – chemicals, solvents, paints, etc. Transformers – high voltage power equipment with PCBs Maintenance and repair – electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles, radar maintenance activities
  • NIKE PH-07 Richboro (Bucks County) - Former Barracks building in the former Launch Area. The gymnasium is seen behind the former barracks and the paved parking lot is seen up front. Also site of Northampton Tennis & Fitness Center.
  • Offices for Council Rock School District now in the former control area. Several original buildings remain in use.
  • Former Launch area. The magazines are intact, not filled in both elevators intact. The township has erected baseball batting cages directly over top between the elevators!
  • Penn Del County School District; S. H. Smith Environmental Center. The school district is thinking of utilizing the launcher area, possibly as a parking lot, or building and was interested in the long term stability - especially over the three elevators and ventilation shafts, (now covered over with steel plate). They have a structural engineer on staff, and will call the Army Corp of Engineers.]
  • Warrington Township; Igoe-Porter-Wellings Memorial Park, Twin Oaks Summer Camp. township, has done a great job of developing the fire control area into a memorial park, dedicated to the memory of three enlisted men from there who were killed in Vietnam. The launch area has playground equipment (active and passive recreation areas).
  • The Allegheny County Fire Academy (ACFA) delivers a wide variety of services to the fire fighting community and industries; both at our North Park facility and in an outreach format. The silos are used for various fire and police training activities.
  • Warrington Township; Igoe-Porter-Wellings Memorial Park, Twin Oaks Summer Camp. township, has done a great job of developing the fire control area into a memorial park, dedicated to the memory of three enlisted men from there who were killed in Vietnam. The launch area has playground equipment (active and passive recreation areas).
  • The launch site is occupied by a machine shop. The owner drained and refurbished one of the magazines and uses the elevator to access tools and whatnot he has stored below.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Reuse of Former NIKE Sites Region 3 FUDS Meeting Philadelphia, PA July 26, 2007
    • 2. Ajax Missiles Deployed
    • 3.  
    • 4. Pennsylvania NIKE Sites Philadelphia Defense Area
      • PH-07 – Richboro
      • PH-15 – Bristol
      • PH-67 – Chester
      • PH-75/78 – Media
      • PH-82 – Schuylkill
      • PH-91 – Worchester
      • PH-97/99 – Lansdale
    • 5. Pennsylvania NIKE Sites Pittsburgh Defense Area
      • PI-02 – Rural Ridge
      • PI-03 - Dorseyville
      • PI-25 – Plum Borough
      • PI-36 – Irwin/North Huntingdon
      • PI-37 – Rillton
      • PI-42 – Elizabeth Twp.
      • PI-43 – Elrama
      • PI-52 – Finleyville
      • PI-62 – Oakdale
      • PI-71 – Coraopolis
      • PI-92 – Pittsburgh
      • PI-93 - Westville
    • 6. Richboro Nike Aerial View Former Control Area Former Launch Area
    • 7. Richboro Nike Site
    • 8. Contaminants of Concern
      • Carbon tetrachloride
      • Trichloroethylene
      • Trichloroethane
      • IRFNA
      • Aniline-Furfuryl Alcohol
      • UDMH
      • Battery electrolyte
      • JP-4
      • POL - Diesel/gasoline/No. 2 fuel oil/motor oil
      • Hydraulic fluid
    • 9. Chlorinated Organic Solvents
      • Used for cleaning and maintenance activities
      • Carbon tetrachloride - multi-purpose solvent
      • Trichloroethylene – replaced CCl 4
      • Trichloroethane
    • 10. Possible Disposal Sources
      • Maintenance (sumps/surface dumping) – CCl 4 , Stoddard Solvent, TCE, TCA, electrolyte, motor oil, hydraulic fluid,
      • Fueling/defueling (sumps/turn in/spills) – IRNFA, Aniline-Furfuryl Alcohol, JP4, UDMH
      • Heating (leakage/use)– No. 2 Fuel oil
      • Motor Pool/Generator (leakage/use)– gasoline, diesel
      • Landfills
    • 11. Missile Elevator Doors
    • 12. Launch Doors Today
    • 13. Possible Contaminant Areas
    • 14. Potential AOCs Launch Sites
      • Interior of magazine areas
        • Releases to subsurface soil and groundwater
        • Releases to unpaved surface areas
      • Missile fueling/defueling areas
      • Ground and surface sumps
      • Magazine sumps and drainage ways
      • Acid neutralization pits
      • UST/AST and Storage/Holding tanks
    • 15. Potential AOCs Launch Sites (cont).
      • Sewage treatment systems
      • Missile assembly areas
      • Motor pools
      • Transformers
      • Open dumps/landfills
      • Fence lines
      • Storm sewers
      • Radwaste
    • 16. Nike Launch Areas
    • 17. Annual Training
    • 18. Nike Launch Area Impacts
    • 19. Typical Magazine Configuration
    • 20. Missile Storage
    • 21. Main Personnel Access
    • 22.  
    • 23.  
    • 24. View From Outside
    • 25. Secondary Escape Hatch
    • 26. Main Entrance Area
    • 27. Magazine
    • 28. Missile Elevator
    • 29.  
    • 30. Main Hydraulic Tank/Pumps
    • 31. Pumping of Perched Water through Launcher Door
    • 32.  
    • 33. Draining of Elevator Sump
    • 34. Nike Control Area
    • 35. Potential AOCs Control Sites
      • Ground/surface sumps
      • Storage/holding tanks
      • Acid neutralization pits
      • On-Lot septic systems
      • Equipment maintenance and repair
      • Radioactive waste (small amounts)
    • 36. Control Area Impacts
    • 37. Nike Radar Control Sites
    • 38.  
    • 39.  
    • 40. Habitation Areas
    • 41.  
    • 42. Former Nike Richboro (PH-07)
    • 43. Council Rock School District
    • 44. Northampton Twp Recreation Center
    • 45.  
    • 46. Northampton Township Batting Cages
    • 47.  
    • 48. Penn-Del School District (former Chester Nike PH-67)
    • 49. Igoe PorterWellings Memorial Park Former Warrington (PH-99)
    • 50. Former Worcester Nike Base Admin parking lot/radar trailer area Former control area Former mess hall area Old radar pad area
    • 51. Allegheny County Police & Fire Academy (former Pittsburgh Nike PI-92)
    • 52. American Indian Center Singing Winds Site (former Dorseyville PI-03)
    • 53. Machine Shop (former Hermine PI-37)