Scaffold Safety Part 1

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  • Scaffold Safety Part 1

    1. 1. Scaffold Safety Part 1 29 CFR 1926 Subpart L
    2. 2. Scaffold Safety for Construction Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    3. 3. Scope and application of the regulation <ul><li>Regulations on scaffolds in the construction industry are in Subpart L of 29 CFR 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>The regulation applies to all scaffolds used in workplaces that are covered by OSHA’s construction regulations </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    4. 4. Scope and application of the regulation <ul><li>It also applies to temporary elevated work platforms and aerial lifts </li></ul><ul><li>It does not apply to crane or derrick suspended personnel platforms </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    5. 5. Scope and application of the regulation <ul><li>General industry activities are not covered by the construction industry requirements </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    6. 6. Terms Used in the Field <ul><li>Competent person </li></ul><ul><li>Exposed power lines </li></ul><ul><li>Guardrail system </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    7. 7. More Terms Used <ul><li>Maximum intended load </li></ul><ul><li>Personal fall arrest system </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    8. 8. Training requirements <ul><li>Training will advise you on how to protect yourself from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>electrical hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fall hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>falling object hazards </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    9. 9. Electrical safety <ul><li>Clearance between scaffold equipment and powerlines is crucial to worker safety </li></ul><ul><li>Safe distances must be kept between energized lines and conductive material </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    10. 10. Electrical safety <ul><li>Clearances must be maintained when scaffolds are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>erected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dismantled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>altered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>moved </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    11. 11. Electrical safety <ul><li>Before work starts, the utility company or electrical system operator can either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>de-energize the lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relocate them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>install protective coverings to prevent accidental contact with the lines </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    12. 12. Fall protection <ul><li>Each employee on a scaffold more than 10 feet above a lower level must be protected from falling to that lower level </li></ul><ul><li>The two types of fall protection are the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guardrail systems </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    13. 13. Fall protection <ul><li>Different types of scaffolds require different types of fall protection </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    14. 14. Fall protection <ul><li>PFASs are required for employees </li></ul><ul><li>on a: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>boatswains’ chair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>caternary scaffold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>float scaffold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>needle beam scaffold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ladder jack scaffold </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    15. 15. Fall protection <ul><li>Both a PFAS and a guardrail system is required for single-point or two-point adjustable suspension scaffolds </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    16. 16. Fall protection <ul><li>Crawling boards (chicken ladders) need either a: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PFAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guardrail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3/4 inch diameter grab line or equivalent handhold securely fastened beside the crawling board </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    17. 17. Fall protection <ul><li>Self-contained adjustable scaffolds that have the platform supported by the frame require a guardrail system </li></ul><ul><li>Self-contained adjustable scaffolds with the platform supported by ropes require both a PFAS and a guardrail system </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    18. 18. Fall protection <ul><li>Guardrail systems must be used to protect walkways within a scaffold </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    19. 19. Fall protection <ul><li>When the front edge of the platform is more than 14 inches away from the face of the structure, this edge requires a guardrail or workers must use a PFAS </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    20. 20. Personal fall arrest systems <ul><li>The PFAS must meet the requirements in the regulation on Fall Protection (29 CFR 1926.502(d)) </li></ul><ul><li>When used on a scaffold, attach the PFAS to a vertical or horizontal lifeline or to a structural member </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    21. 21. Personal fall arrest systems <ul><li>When vertical lifelines are used, they must be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anchored to a safe fixed point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>independent of the scaffold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protected from sharp edges and abrasion </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    22. 22. Personal fall arrest systems <ul><li>Horizontal lifelines must be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>secured to two or more structural members of the scaffold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>looped around both suspension and independent suspension lines above the hoist and brake </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    23. 23. Personal fall arrest systems <ul><li>Vertical lifelines, independent support lines, and suspension ropes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>must not be attached to each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cannot use the same anchorage point </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    24. 24. Guardrail systems <ul><li>Appendix A of the regulation gives specifications for building guardrail systems </li></ul><ul><li>Guardrail systems must be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    25. 25. Guardrail systems <ul><li>Requirements for how high the toprail must be above the platform surface, and for the use of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>midrails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>screens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intermediate vertical members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid panels as part of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a guardrail system </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    26. 26. Guardrail systems <ul><li>The guardrail system must be able to withstand force as specified in the regulation </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    27. 27. Guardrail systems <ul><li>Guardrail components must be surfaced so they do not cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>puncture wounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lacerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>snagged clothing </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    28. 28. Protection from falling objects <ul><li>Employees must be protected from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>falling hand tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>debris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other small objects </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc. small objects
    29. 29. Protection from falling objects <ul><li>Protection is gained through the installation of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>toeboards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>screens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guardrail systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>debris nets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>catch platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>canopy structures that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contain or deflect the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>falling objects. </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    30. 30. Protection from falling objects <ul><li>When the falling objects are too large, heavy, or massive to be contained, keep objects away from the edge of the surface </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    31. 31. Protection from falling objects <ul><li>Barricade areas to protect the employees working below from the hazards of falling: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>equipment </li></ul></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    32. 32. Protection from falling objects <ul><li>Install a toeboard along the edge of platforms more than 10 feet above lower levels </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the workers below when equipment or materials are piled to a height above the toprail or toeboard on a scaffold’s platform </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    33. 33. Summary <ul><li>Regulations on scaffolds in the construction industry are in Subpart L of 29 CFR 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>These regulations applies to all types of Scaffolding, Elevated work Platforms and Aerial Lifts such as JLG’s, Genie lifts ext. </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    34. 34. Summary <ul><li>The Employer needs to provide training on how to protect his employees from Electrical Hazards, Fall Hazards and Falling Object Hazards. </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    35. 35. Summary <ul><li>Clearance between scaffold equipment and powerlines is crucial to worker safety </li></ul><ul><li>Each employee on a scaffold more than 10 feet above a lower level must be protected from falling to that lower level </li></ul><ul><li> -The PFAS must meet the requirements in the regulation on Fall Protection </li></ul><ul><li>(29 CFR 1926.502(d)) </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    36. 36. Summary <ul><li>Guardrail systems must be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc.
    37. 37. End of Part 1 Scaffold Safety Training <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>Access Safety Compliance Training, Inc. www.asctraininginc.com

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