State And Calif Govt


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State And Calif Govt

  1. 1. State Government <ul><li>How is California government similar to US federal government? </li></ul><ul><li>How does California government impact the lives of its residents? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the duties of the state level of government? </li></ul>
  2. 2. State Expenditures 4.6 Unemployment Compensation 10.0 Employee retirement 13.2 Highways 19.5 Education 26.2 Welfare including Medicaid Percentage Expenditures
  3. 3. Federalism <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States existed before the nation was created. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution designed to maximized state sovereign. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created a national government with powers to unify the states, but not to replace state governments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal government has enumerated power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States have reserved power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal and state governments also share concurrent powers </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Constitutional Analysis <ul><li>Article IV: Federalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4: (Federal duties to the States) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Representative (republic) government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protect from invasion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protect from domestic violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congress can make rules and regulations respecting US territory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 1: (State powers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public acts- regulate intrastate commerce, safety, health, morals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public records- tax, spend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justice system- courts, prisons </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Constitutional Analysis <ul><li>Article IV: Federalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 2 & 3: (States responsibility to each other) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respect other states laws, by returning fugitives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New states cannot be created inside another boundaries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Article VI: Limitations on states power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 2: Supremacy Clause </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Federalism Concurrent Powers Enumerated Powers Reserved Powers Reserved Powers Federal State Municipalities
  7. 7. State Governments <ul><li>Importance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet the population’s general needs and deliver services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of justice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only ¼ of the states revenues come from the federal aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most revenues must be meet by a variety of taxes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Federal and State Constitutions <ul><li>States Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessively long and detailed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>California Constitution is 110 pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>California has amended 425 times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak executive </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Similarities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Branches of Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executive, Legislative, Judicial branches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislature are bicameral except Nebraska </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. California Legislative Branch <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was prestigious, but now pejorative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Civil War- voters restricted legislative powers in spending and borrowing </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. California Legislative Branch <ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicameral: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assembly: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80 representatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 year terms (max of 3 terms) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40 senators </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 year terms (max of 2 terms) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Duties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make state laws, but laws can be made through initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw state and federal legislative districts (gerrymandering) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Stupid State Laws <ul><li>CA-Animals are banned from mating publicly within 1,500 feet of a tavern, school, or place of worship </li></ul><ul><li>Al-It is illegal for a driver to be blindfolded while operating a vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>S.Dak-If there are more than 5 Native Americans on your property you may shoot them. </li></ul><ul><li>LO- Biting someone with your natural teeth is &quot;simple assault,&quot; while biting someone with your false teeth is &quot;aggravated assault.&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 13. California Executive Branch <ul><li>Plural Executive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different than federal executive where president appoints all of the executive positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State executive positions are elected: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Insurance Commissioner, and Superintendent of Public Instruction, Board of Equalization </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. California Executive Branch <ul><li>Governor (Chief Executive): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sets the agenda for legislature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Veto power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create state budget </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 agencies meet directly with him/her </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint department, agency heads and Supreme Court Judges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pardon, commutation, reprieve </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Governor (Elect Garamendi): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes power if the governor dies, resigns, or is not in the state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presides over senate and cast tie breaking vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chairs the Economic Development Commission, Member of the State Lands Commission, and sits on board of the California University System </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. California Executive Branch <ul><li>Attorney General: (Elect Jerry Brown) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heads the Department of Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief counsel in state litigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advises governor about the legality of proposal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secretary of State: (Elect Debra Bowen) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In charge of state elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Records of campaigns and lobbyist disclosure statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Files official documentation for corporation trademarks </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. California Executive Branch <ul><li>Controller (Elect Chiang) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State’s accountant and bookkeeper of all public funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manages CA state Accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treasurer (Elect Lockyer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State’s banker and manages state investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administers and markets the sale of bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pays out state funds went spent by the Controller and other agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Insurance commissioner (Elect Poizer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>License, regulates, and examines insurance companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforces Insurance codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answers public questions and complaints regarding insurance companies </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. California Executive Branch <ul><li>Superintendent of public instruction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heads the department of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides education policy and direction to local schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforces education code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boards of Equalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas the administration of over 2 dozen taxes and fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure counties property taxes are fair and uniformed Serves on the appellate body for CA tax cases </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. California Judicial Branch <ul><li>3 level structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial Courts (Superior Courts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All civil and criminal cases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Misdemeanors and felonies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appellate Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organized in 6 districts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Review contested lower court rulings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 Justices which are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the commission on judicial appointments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets state constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Quiz <ul><li>What are two similarities and two differences of the federal and California government? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Local Government How are city governments similar to both federal and state governments? Which management plans work better for big cities?
  21. 21. Local Expenditures 4.7 Hospital 4.9 Police 5.4 Highways 12.6 Utilities 43.2 Education Percentage Expenditures
  22. 22. CA Counties
  23. 23. County Governments <ul><li>County Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governing Body: Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors “five little kings” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 1: Gloria Molina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 2: Yvonne Burke </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 3: Zev Yaroslavsky </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 4: Don Knabe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 5: Michael D. Antonovich (currently Mayor of the County of Los Angeles) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The board decides which issues should be addressed and in what manner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The board also hires the executive body (administrators in the county </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. County Governments <ul><li>County Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counties are set up as an extension of state government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administer state policies and provide state services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highways </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Record Keeping </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. County Governments <ul><li>County Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide countywide services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pest Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supports municipal services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building regulations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prisons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. District Governments <ul><li>Special Districts (aka authorities, boards, corporations) </li></ul><ul><li>One function governments usually created by the state legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut across geographical and government boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governed by a board of directors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School districts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metropolitan transport district </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Port of NY authority </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. City Governments <ul><li>New England Town- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government in New England states that combine county and city responsibilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consist of one or more urban areas surrounded by rural areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At least one town meeting a year to elect the board </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Board runs the town during the remainder of the year </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. City Governments <ul><li>Townships- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural unit of government based on federal lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides services to unincorporated areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town Manager System- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Popular election of 3 selectpersons who then appoints professional town managers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Town mangers then appoint people to run the town </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. City Governments <ul><li>Commission Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-9 members have both legislative and executive power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each commissioner heads one department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a group, they are required to pass city ordinances and control spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor is ceremonial and is selected from one of the commission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 cities use this system- Tulsa, Salt Lake City, Mobile </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. City Governments <ul><li>Council-Manager Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council is the policy makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council hires manager executes the policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manager hires and fires subordinates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is accountable to the council </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor is ceremonial and has no executive power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 cities use plan, i.e., Dallas, San Diego, San Antonio </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. City Governments <ul><li>Mayor-Administrator Plan: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong mayor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor appoints a administrative officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative officers executes mayors directives and manages budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative officers hire and fire subordinates </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. City Governments <ul><li>Mayor-Council Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most widely used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor is chief executive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Council is legislature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both mayor and council are elected </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different forms of Mayor-Council Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong mayor plan-mayor has more authority as an administrators and with the budget, and less checks from council </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weak mayor plan- Mayor has to share power with the executive officers and the council </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Quiz <ul><li>There is too much bureaucracy in CA state and local government. Cite 2 reasons why you agree or disagree with this statement. </li></ul>