Political Parties
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Political Parties






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Political Parties Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Political Parties
    • What is the difference between the Republicans and the Democrats?
    • Why are political parties important in a democracy?
  • 2. Presidential election Results
  • 3. Political Socialization
    • Source of political beliefs and attitudes
      • Family and the Social Environment
      • Education
      • Peers
      • Leaders’ Influence
      • Media
      • Political events
        • Example:
          • The Great Depression
          • 60’s and the Vietnam War Era
  • 4. What are political parties?
    • Definition
      • Political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government
        • Usually by participating in electoral campaigns.
      • Parties often support a certain ideology
        • Subgroups interests are integrated
  • 5. Institutional Constraints on Political Parties
    • Structure and Strength of Parties:
      • Majoritarian or Proportional Representation
      • History
      • Presidential or Parliamentary System
      • Laws and Constitution
  • 6. Theory: Lipset and Rokkan
    • Theory on Political Cleavages
      • Parties that were formed in the aftermath of political, religious, and economic revolutions are frozen.
        • State vs. Church
        • Worker vs. Owner
        • Land vs. Industry
        • Center vs. Periphery (Fed vs. State)
      • These have and will continue to exist in the political arena despite new issues and challenges.
  • 7. The Constitution
    • Says nothing about political parties.
      • Why?
        • Founding fathers felt parties were wicked and corrupt.
        • Did not want parties to control politics.
        • Did not want to pervade the entire country and create factions.
  • 8. Today’s Major US Political Parties and Ideology
    • Republican Party (GOP)-
      • Considered the more socially conservative and economically neoliberal.
      • Laissez-Faire Economics
      • Party Chairman- Ken Mehlman
    • Democratic Party-
      • Considered more socially liberal and economically interventionist.
      • Party Chairman- Howard Dean
  • 9. US Parties: First Party System (before 1824) American Revolution
    • Federalist
    • Founded by Hamilton
    • Supported strong central government
    • Commercial interest: merchants and large planters
    • Anti federalist
    • Founded by Jefferson
    • Supported more state autonomy
    • Also known as the Republicans
    Jackson split into a Democratic party Adams remained in the Republican party, but latter called the Whigs Hamiltonian vision for modernizing the United States
  • 10. Era of Good Feelings (1817-1825)
    • One Party Dominance (the Republicans)
      • Federalist virtually collapsed in 1816
      • 1817-1825 no real competition
      • Republicans opposed big government
  • 11. US Parties: Second Party System (1824–1854) Prelude to Civil War
    • Democrats
    • Strong state govt
    • Opportunities for common man
    • Hostile to blacks
    • Needed slavery for economy
    • Whig party (National Republicans )
    • Active federal. govt,
    • Laissez-Faire economics
    • Against the expansion of slavery
    Southern Whigs ceased to exist (dealigned) Northern Whigs realigned, and united with antislavery Democrats and radical antislavery Free Soil party thus creating Lincoln’s Republicans party
  • 12. US Parties: Third Party System: Post Civil War (1854–1896) Post Civil War
      • Democrats
        • Feared strong central govt
        • Did not want to give free slaves rights
        • Dominated the white south for decades
      • Republicans
      • Sought to increase the power of the federal govt
      • Promoted economic growth and businesses
      • Promoted evangelical protestant morals and values
      • Public schools w/ protestant curriculum
      • Inflation in check to maintain working class wages
      • Limited/prohibited the sale of alcohol
    • Democrats embraced populism. Advocated for small farmers
        • Sought high inflation for debt relief.
  • 13. US Parties: Fourth Party System/ Progressive Era (1896–1932) Industrial Revolution
      • Democrats
      • Traditional small govt. policy was realigned and opened
      • to govt. intervention in the economy
      • Wilson was able to win presidency because the Republican
      • split
      • Republicans
      • Honest Impartial Govt could regulate the economy
      • more effectively
    1912 split : T. Roosevelt ran on the Bull Moose Ticket The platform based non progressive ideals. Protect women, children, and immigrants. Reform corrupt govt, and give people more voice.
  • 14. US Parties: New Deal and Fifth Party System Great Depression and New Deal
      • Republicans
      • Laissez Faire
      • State govt and private organizations
      • To ease the suffering
      • Democrats
      • United whites and blacks
      • Both sought relief from hardships
      • Strong federal govt
    60’s Democrats split from economic and social Conservatives in south into republican base 60’s social progressives African Americans remained Democrats
  • 15. Function of Political Parties
    • To mobilize the public in an organization
    • Organize and run elections
    • Recruit Candidates (strategy: TO WIN)
    • Presenting alternative policies
    • Accepting responsibility for the operation of govt. (advocating party agenda)
    • Acting as opposition to party in power
  • 16. Soft Money Raised by Parties, 1993-2002
  • 17. Parties: Party Structure
    • National Level
      • Pres. controls
      • National Convention
      • Party Chairperson
      • National Committee
    • State level
      • Governor controls
      • State Conventions
      • State party chairperson
      • Party Boss
    • Local Level (Grassroots)
      • County Committee
      • County Chairperson
      • District Leaders
      • Precinct or ward captains
      • Party Workers
  • 18. Political Cartoon
  • 19. Primary Elections
    • Candidates official nomination process
      • All parties will select their candidate for the general election
        • Presidential or gubernatorial candidates
        • First Tuesday in the month of June before the general election in November
      • Front-Loading:
        • State determines the date for its primary or caucus
        • Early primaries are more influential
          • States compete to schedule their primaries as early as possible
          • New Hampshire (first presidential primary)
          • Iowa (first caucus)
  • 20. Parties in Action
    • Meetings
      • Quadrennial
      • Nominate presidential candidate
      • Reveals party platform
      • Introduces new and upcoming stars
      • Establishes party momentum
    • Government
      • Provides funding for candidates
      • Whips legislators
    • Finances
      • Fund raising
  • 21. Political Cartoon
  • 22. Accountability to the Voters
    • Presidential and Parliamentary Systems
    • Viable third parties
  • 23. Role of the Citizen
  • 24. Quiz
    • Why are political parties important in to fulfilling democracy?