Images Chap02hahn8e

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Images Chap02hahn8e

  1. 1. Chapter Two: Achieving Psychological Health
  2. 2. Psychological Health <ul><li>Cognitive functioning of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressing emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coping with stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dealing with adversity and/or success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting to changes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of Psychologically Healthy People <ul><li>Accept themselves and others </li></ul><ul><li>Like themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Give and receive care, love, and support </li></ul><ul><li>Accepts life’s disappointments </li></ul><ul><li>Accept their mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Express full range of emotions (positive and negative) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Psychologically Healthy People <ul><li>Feels empathy and concern for others </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Can function both independently </li></ul><ul><li>Generally trusts others </li></ul><ul><li>Involves exercise, sound nutritional habits, and sleep into lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes goals </li></ul>(cont’d)
  5. 5. What is Self-Esteem? <ul><li>Having pride in yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Treating yourself with respect </li></ul><ul><li>Considering yourself valuable </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling good about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Having self-assurance and accepting yourself </li></ul>People with low self esteem have a poor self concept : how they view themselves
  6. 6. Emotional Intelligence <ul><li>Ability to understand others and act wisely in human relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know your emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage your emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivate yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize emotions in others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handle relationships </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Enhancing Psychological Health <ul><li>Sense of Humor : critical component of emotional health – results in a positive outlook upon life </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills : increased verbal and non-verbal skills will produce better comfort levels with themselves (self-concept) and others (self-esteem) </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Management Skills : listen, learn “how” to say it, as well as use assertive communication </li></ul><ul><li>* Learn to be more optimistic and in control </li></ul>
  8. 8. Proactive Approach to Life <ul><li>Proactive Approaches – actively taking charge of your psychological health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct mental pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accept these perceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test these perceptions (new experiences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify these experiences/outcomes (reframe) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Challenges to Psychological Health <ul><li>Two factors that can affect control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Nature (innate factors) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Nurture (environmental factors) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Mood Disorders <ul><li>Primary symptom is a disturbance in mood. </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical depression (feeling down for a lengthy period) </li></ul><ul><li>S.A.D (seasonal affective disorder) </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-polar disorder (a.k.a., manic depression) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Suicide Intervention <ul><li>Remain calm </li></ul><ul><li>Offer support and assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize the temporary nature of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Seek help </li></ul><ul><li>Stay with the person </li></ul>
  12. 12. Suicide Intervention, cont’d <ul><li>Talk about it </li></ul><ul><li>Assume they are serious </li></ul><ul><li>Tell someone about this </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t argue </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be judgmental </li></ul>
  13. 13. Anxiety Disorders <ul><ul><li>GAD (generalized anxiety disorder) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social phobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD’s ) </li></ul></ul>Treatment involves a combination of medication, counseling and lifestyle modification.
  14. 14. Schizophrenia <ul><li>Personality deterioration (biological and environmental) – characteristics are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>delusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hallucinations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disorganized speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>catatonic behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dysfunction in everyday routines </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  16. 16. Chapter Two: Achieving Psychological Health

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