Health Policy
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Like this? Share it with your network

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 1 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. US Health Policy
    • What is the cause of the rising cost of health care in the US?
    • How does health policy influence economic policy?
  • 2. Health Care in the US
    • In 2004, 16.8% (48.3 million people) Americans did not have health insurance.
    • 35% of young adults between the age 19 to 24 were at the greatest risk of being uninsured was.
    • Since 2000, health insurance premium have increased by 73%.
    • The US is one of the few wealthy industrialized democratic nations without nationalized healthcare.
  • 3. Types of Systems
    • Primarily Private
      • US
    • Primarily Public
      • UK, Sweden, and Italy
    • Hybrid
      • Canada, France, Germany
  • 4. The US Healthcare System
    • Paul Krugman says that the rising cost is due to “our crazy quilt healthcare system, which has a lot to do with the fact that so much of that system is private rather than public…...”
  • 5. Oxymoron
    • Integrating market mechanisms with reduce cost and increases efficiency.
    • Prices will be pushed down because consumers will be looking for the best service at the lowest price.
    • Failure of the market!
  • 6. Alternative Opinions on the Cause of the Rising Cost
    • Humans by nature are freeloaders
      • With low co-pays, people have no idea the high fees that are paid by insurance companies.
      • People don’t shop for the lowest prices
      • People see physicians for minor issues
  • 7. What Drives US Heath Care
    • Market Forces-
      • Private industry
        • Profits not care drive pharmaceuticals, insurance, hospitals, medical technology, and some doctors
      • Law of supply and demand-
        • Increase demand for medical care and limited supply
        • Growing baby boomer population
        • Increase litigation
        • High cost of technology
  • 8. US Health Care Policy
    • Three pillars of US Health Policy
      • Cost
      • Access
      • Quality
  • 9. Major Actors: Health Care Purchasers
    • Federal Government
      • Congress
      • President
      • Judiciary
      • Bureaucracy
    • State and Local Government
    • Industries and Firms
    • Individuals
  • 10. Major Actors: Health Care Providers
    • Hospitals
    • Elderly care homes
    • Physicians
  • 11. Major Actors: Third Party Payers, Consumers and Interest Groups
    • Third Party Payers
    • Consumers/Public Opinion
    • Interest Groups
      • AARP
      • AMA
      • American Hospital Association
      • Health Insurance Association of America
  • 12. Existing Government Programs
    • Medicaid-
      • State and federal program to subsidize health care for the poor
        • To qualify, must exhaust financial assets
        • The poor make up 75% of the participants, but they receive little more than a quarter of the health funds.
      • Often provides long term nursing home care
    • VHA-
      • Medical, hospitalization, and nursing care provided to any in current service or retirement
  • 13. Existing Government Programs
    • Medicare (entitlement program: both employer and employee pay 2.9%)-
      • Created by LBJ in 1965
      • Designed to offer support for the elderly (age 65 ) regardless to income
        • Seniors and disabled comprise of 10% of the participant, but consume 28% of the govt. health funds.
      • Mixed system were payments are public, but services are provided by the private sector
  • 14. Cartoon
  • 15. Arguments Against Nationalized Health Care
    • Reduces medical advances and innovation
    • Private enterprise is more efficient
  • 16. Bush’s Health Care Policy
    • More market forces-
      • Health savings account (HAS) and high deductible health policy
        • Special account to deposit money to pay for current and future medical expenses
        • Money can be deposited to a the HSA before tax is paid on it
        • The money can be used tax-free for medical expenses
          • medical insurance deductible
          • co-insurance (the amount after which the insurance begins to pay, but less than the amount at which they pay 100% of expenses
  • 17. Quiz
    • How does health policy influence economic policy?