3 Proscons Of Federalism

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3 Proscons Of Federalism

  1. 1. Structures of Democratic Governments: Division of Power <ul><li>Unitary, confederate, and federal systems, which is better in governing a diverse population? </li></ul><ul><li>Which system is more effective in governing in an equitable manner? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Forms of Government Structure <ul><li>Unitary System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A structure of government where power is emanated from the central government or institution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>power is vertical and moves downward under certain areas of jurisdiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tends to work best with homogenous populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France, UK, Japan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Forms of Government Structures <ul><li>Confederate System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power is emanated from the member states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States are sovereign nations, but unite for specific goals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power structure is also vertical, but moves upwards from states to the institution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works best with discrete heterogeneous populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EU, UN, AU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confederate states during the civil war </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Forms of Government Structure <ul><li>Federal System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized structure with a division of power and jurisdiction which are separate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each level of government has their own structure, procedures, jurisdictions and powers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works best with diverse populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US, Iraq, Germany, Brazil, Mexico, Canada </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Government Structure <ul><li>Federal System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized structure with a division of power and jurisdiction which are separate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each level of government has their own structure, procedures, jurisdictions and powers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works best with diverse populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US, Iraq, Germany, Brazil, Mexico, Canada </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Distribution of Power in Federalism Concurrent Powers: Federal and State Govts Reserved Powers : State Governments Enumerated Powers: Federal Government
  7. 7. Division of power in Federalism <ul><li>Division of Power and Jurisdiction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enumerated Powers- federal power that are directly listed in the constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a post office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issue patents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a military </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserved Powers- state powers include anything that is not listed in the constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate marriage and divorce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol and drug regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sex education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrent powers- powers both states and the federal government share </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Strengths of Federalism <ul><li>Beneficial for large and diverse populations </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses the needs of discrete regions </li></ul><ul><li>Greater opportunities for political participation </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates experimentation and innovation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Weakness of Federalism <ul><li>Little coordination or obligation horizontally (to member states) or vertically ( to federal) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal, state and local policies can overlap, contradict, or even negate the intended purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal communications between levels so break in chain of command </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Weakness of Federalism <ul><li>Federal, state, and local bureaucracies have expertise in specific fields, so can be competitive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inefficient and ineffective due to bureaucracy culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>States try to limit civil liberties </li></ul>
  11. 11. Quiz <ul><li>Using the Constitution and complete handout on the division of powers. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Quiz <ul><li>Does the federal structure work well in America today? Provide at least one example of how the division power is efficient or inefficient. </li></ul>

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