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Poverty Situationer Sen 2008
 

Poverty Situationer Sen 2008

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  • L. de la Cruz Ateneo Poverty Situationer

Poverty Situationer Sen 2008 Poverty Situationer Sen 2008 Presentation Transcript

  • Poverty as Income Deprivation Leland Joseph R. de la Cruz Director Development Studies Program School of Social Sciences Ateneo de Manila University [email_address]
  • Test your knowledge!
    • Name one region where one out of every two individuals is considered poor.
    • How much should a family of 5 persons be earning per month to be considered non-poor?
    • What percent of the Philippine population is considered poor?
  • When is a person considered poor?
    • The poor refers to individuals and families whose incomes fall below the official poverty threshold as defined by the government and/or cannot afford to provide in a sustained manner for their minimum basic needs for food, health, education, housing, and other social amenities of life. The poverty line measures the income needed to obtain basic and non-basic needs for one year. (Virola, 2008)
  • How does the government compute for the poverty line?
    • The government constructs a menu per region that satisfies basic nutritional requirements. The government computes for the cost of that menu. (ex. P27)
    • The government computes for the proportion of income that is budgeted for food using survey data. (ex. 66%)
    • The figure obtained in #1 is divided by the figure obtained in #2. (ex. P27 / 66% = P40)
  • Food Threshold
    • Also referred to as the subsistence threshold or the food poverty line
    • Refers to the minimum income/expenditure required for a family/individual to meet the basic food needs, which satisfies the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities (Virola, 2008)
  • Poverty Threshold/ Line
    • Refers to the cost of minimum basic needs: food + non-food
    • Refers to the minimum income/expenditure required for a family/individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements
  • What is the NCR poverty line (2008)? P328.77 Family/ day* P10,000.00 Family/ month P120,000.00 Family/ year* P65.76 Individual/ day* P2,000.00 Individual/ month* P24,000.00 Individual/ year* *Unofficial, self-computed
  • What is the Philippine poverty line (2006)? P206.29 Family/ day* P6,273.99 Family/ month* P75,287.85 Family/ year* P41.26 Individual/ day* P1,254.80 Individual/ month* P15,057.57 Individual/ year NSCB *Unofficial, self-computed
  • Regional poverty lines 2006, NSCB Region Threshold Region Threshold NCR P20,566 VIII P13,974 I P15,956 IX P13,219 II P13,791 X P14,199 III P17,298 XI P14,942 IV-A P17,761 XII P14,225 IV-B P14,800 CAR P16,810 V P15,015 ARMM P15,533 VI P14,405 CARAGA P15,249 VII P13,390
  • Poverty incidence 2006, NSCB
    • 32.9% or 27.6 million Filipinos are poor.
      • 32.9% of Filipinos earn less than P 15,057.57 a year, P 1,254.80 a month and P 41.26 a day.
    • 26.9% or 4.6 million Filipino families are poor.
      • 26.9% of families earn less than P75,287.85 a year, P 6,273.99 a month and P 206.29 a day.
  • Regional poverty incidence (Individual) 2006, NSCB Region Poverty Incidence Region Poverty Incidence NCR 10.40% VIII 48.50% I 32.70% IX 45.30% II 25.50% X 43.10% III 20.70% XI 36.60% IV-A 20.90% XII 40.80% IV-B 52.70% CAR 34.50% V 51.10% ARMM 61.80% VI 38.60% CARAGA 52.60% VII 35.40%
  • Regional poverty incidence (Individual) 2006, NSCB * Percentages are unofficial, self-computed Region N* % of total Region N* % of total NCR 0.8M 4% VIII 1.6M 7% I 1.4M 5% IX 1.2M 5% II 0.8M 2% X 1.5M 6% III 1.6M 6% XI 1.2M 5% IV-A 1.6M 8% XII 1.5M 5% IV-B 1.0M 5% CAR 0.5M 1% V 2.5M 9% ARMM 1.6M 6% VI 2.7M 9% CARAGA 1.0M 4% VII 2.0M 8%
  • Poorest Provinces (2006) NSCB Poverty Incidence Tawi-Tawi 78.9% Zamboanga del Norte 63.0% Maguindanao 62.0% Apayao 57.5% Surigao del Norte 53.2% Lanao del Sur 52.5% Northern Samar 52.2% Masbate 51.0% Abra 50.1% Misamis Occidental 48.8%
  • Least Poor Provinces (2006) NSCB Poverty Incidence Batanes 0% Rizal 6.4% Bataan 6.8% Cavite 7.8% Benguet 8.2% Pampanga 8.3% Bulacan 10.0% Laguna 10.6% Nueva Vizcaya 12.7% Quirino 15.9%
  • Poverty trends NSCB
  • Philippine Poverty Incidence: Families (Percentage) NSCB 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 %
  • Philippine Poverty Incidence: Individuals (Percentage) NSCB 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 %
  • Income Gap (2006) NSCB Region Poverty Incidence Region Poverty Incidence NCR 21.6% VIII 30.9% I 25.2% IX 35.7% II 23.5% X 33.4% III 23.4% XI 30.0% IV-A 24.5% XII 28.1% IV-B 32.5% CAR 32.1% V 30.1% ARMM 29.3% VI 26.6% CARAGA 34.4% VII 29.5%
  • Average family income, expenditures and savings per decile 2006, NSO Avg. Annual Income Avg. Expenditures Avg. Savings Avg. Monthly Income Phil 173,000 147,000 25,000 14,416 Poorest 10% 32,000 35,000 -3,000 2,666 2 nd decile 51,000 52,000 -2,000 4,250 3 rd decile 65,000 66,000 Less than 500 5,417 4 th decile 81,000 79,000 2,000 6,750 5 th decile 100,000 95,000 5,000 8,333 6 th decile 124,000 116,000 7,000 10,333 7 th decile 156,000 143,000 13,000 13,000 8 th decile 205,000 181,000 23,000 17,083 9 th decile 292,000 244,000 46,000 24,333 Richest 10% 622,000 460,000 156,000 51,833
  • Income Distribution 2003, NSO
  • Income Distribution
  • Income Distribution
  • Gini Coefficient Philippine data: UNDP, 2004 as cited in Wikipedia Country Gini ratio Country Gini ratio Denmark 0.247 Hong Kong 0.434 Japan 0.249 Philippines 0.445 Italy 0.360 Mexico 0.461 India 0.368 Guatemala 0.551 U.S.A. 0.408 Namibia 0.743
  • Self-Rated Poverty Pulse-Asia June 2004 October 2004 March 2005 Philippines 70% 70% 70% Class ABC 37% 21% 35% Class D 68% 68% 69% Class E 84% 87% 82%
  • Self-Rated Poverty Pulse-Asia June 2004 October 2004 March 2005 NCR 52% 41% 48% Luzon 69% 69% 66% Visayas 71% 82% 80% Mindanao 80% 79% 81% Urban 66% 57% 58% Rural 73% 83% 82%
  • Self-Rated Poverty SWS
  • Summary Official Statistics Perception-based measure Poverty Incidence 26.9% 50-70% Poverty threshold P6,273 a month P10,000 a month
  • Data Sources
    • NSCB: www.nscb.gov.ph : poverty statistics
    • NSO: www.census.gov.ph : income and poverty statistics (FIES final report, Table 4A)
    • Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gini_coefficient
    • Pulse-Asia: Public Perceptions on Poverty. CD obtained directly from Pulse-Asia
    • SWS: www.sws.org.ph/pr050118.htm
  • Poverty as Income Deprivation Leland Joseph R. de la Cruz Director Development Studies Program School of Social Sciences Ateneo de Manila University [email_address]