2009 Philippine Poverty Statistics Leland Joseph R. Dela Cruz Director Development Studies Program School of Social Sciences Ateneo de Manila University [email_address] February 9, 2011
The Philippine Government released the 2009 Poverty Statistics on February 8, 2011.
These slides contain hyperlinks to the source data.
When is a person considered poor? NSCB
“ Based on Republic Act 8425, otherwise known as the Social Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act, dated 11 December 1997, the poor refers to individuals and families whose income fall below the poverty threshold as defined by the government and/or those that cannot afford in a sustained manner to provide their basic needs of food, health, education, housing and other amenities of life.”
The poverty threshold “refers to the minimum income/expenditure required for a family/individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements”.
How does the government compute for the poverty line?
The government constructs a menu per region that satisfies basic nutritional requirements. The government computes for the cost of that menu. (ex. P38)
The government computes for the proportion of total basic expenditures that is budgeted for food using survey data. (ex. 69%)
The figure obtained in #1 is divided by the figure obtained in #2. (ex. P38 / 69% = P55) NSCB
What is the Philippine poverty line (2009)? P230.70 Family/ day* P7,017.09 Family/ month* P84,205.00 Family/ year* P46.14 Individual/ day* P1,403.42 Individual/ month* P16,841.00 Individual/ year NSCB *Unofficial, self-computed
What is the NCR poverty line (2009)? P271.27 Family/ day* P8,250.84 Family/ month* P99,010.00 Family/ year* P54.26 Individual/ day* P1,650.17 Individual/ month* P19,802.00 Individual/ year NSCB *Unofficial, self-computed
Regional poverty lines NSCB Region Threshold Region Threshold NCR P19,802 VIII P15,910 I P17,768 IX P15,160 II P15,306 X P16,568 III P18,981 XI P17,040 IV-A P17,771 XII P15,762 IV-B P15,769 CAR P16,122 V P17,146 ARMM P16,344 VI P16,036 CARAGA P16,858 VII P17,848
Poverty incidence NSCB
26.5% or 23.1 million Filipinos are poor.
26.5% of Filipinos earn less than P 16,841 a year, P 1,403.42 a month and P 46.14 a day.
20.9% or 3.8 million Filipino families are poor.
20.9% of families earn less than P84,205 a year, P 7,017.09 a month and P 230.70 a day.
Regional poverty incidence (Individual) NSCB Region Poverty Incidence Region Poverty Incidence NCR 4.0% VIII 41.4% I 23.3% IX 43.1% II 18.8% X 39.6% III 15.3% XI 31.3% IV-A 13.9% XII 35.7% IV-B 35.0% CAR 22.9% V 45.1% ARMM 42.8% VI 31.2% CARAGA 47.8% VII 35.5%
Regional poverty (Individuals) NSCB * Percentages are unofficial, self-computed Region N* % of total Region N* % of total NCR 0.4 M 1.9% VIII 1.7 M 7.5% I 1.0 M 4.7% IX 1.3 M 5.9% II 0.5 M 2.4% X 1.5 M 6.9% III 1.4 M 6.3% XI 1.2 M 5.5% IV-A 1.5M 6.8% XII 1.3 M 5.8% IV-B 0.9 M 4.2% CAR 0.3 M 1.5% V 2.4 M 10.5% ARMM 1.1 M 4.9% VI 2.1 M 9.1% CARAGA 1.3 M 6.0% VII 2.3 M 10.2%
Poorest Provinces NSCB Poverty Incidence Zamboanga del Norte 46.0% Agusan del Sur 43.5% Surigao del Norte 43.1% Eastern Samar 37.6% Maguindanao 37.7% Zamboanga Sibugay 35.4% Romblon 36.3% Masbate 36.6% Davao Oriental 36.1% Northern Samar 32.4%