Measuring Philippine Poverty
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Measuring Philippine Poverty

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Presentation at the Alternative Class Program 2009

Presentation at the Alternative Class Program 2009

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • very helpful leland.
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  • Hi @JohnDalmacio. Please look for Philippine Poverty Situationer 2011 and check slide 8.
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  • Hi, sorry. I just saw your comment now. Actually, there are provincial level statistics: http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty/2009/table_1.asp
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  • THANK YOU for the info. but can I ask How many percent of the families here in the Philippines are below the poverty line ? Hope you can Reply soon as possible. I'am second yr college and we will have a documentary about families below the poverty line. thanks a lot
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  • Thanks for your piece of work, i find it informative. I could hardly find it in NSO files. How i wish the data could be translated down to even just the provincial level. I am working as a statistician in the government and most of us are always in the quandary when it comes to population figure especially income. Keep up the good work sir.
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Measuring Philippine Poverty Measuring Philippine Poverty Presentation Transcript

  • Measuring Poverty Leland Joseph R. Dela Cruz Development Studies Program School of Social Sciences Ateneo de Manila University
  • Test your knowledge!
    • Name one province where one out of every two individuals is considered poor.
    • How much should a family of 5 persons be earning per month to be considered non-poor?
    • What percent of the Philippine population is considered poor?
  • When is a person considered poor?
    • A poor person is someone who earns income below the official poverty line or poverty threshold.
    • The poverty line measures the income needed to obtain basic and non-basic needs for one year.
  • How does the government compute for the poverty line?
    • The government constructs a menu per region that satisfies basic nutritional requirements. The government computes for the cost of that menu. (ex. P43)
    • The government computes for the proportion of income that is budgeted for food using survey data. (ex. 66%)
    • The figure obtained in #1 is divided by the figure obtained in #2. (ex. P43 / 66% = P65)
  • What is the NCR poverty line (2008)? P328.77 Family/ day* P10,000.00 Family/ month P120,000.00 Family/ year* P65.76 Individual/ day* P2,000.00 Individual/ month* P24,000.00 Individual/ year* *Unofficial, self-computed
  • What is the Philippine poverty line (2006)? P206.29 Family/ day* P6,273.99 Family/ month* P75,287.85 Family/ year* P41.26 Individual/ day* P1,254.80 Individual/ month* P15,057.57 Individual/ year NSCB *Unofficial, self-computed
  • Poverty incidence 2006, NSCB
    • 32.9% or 27.6 million Filipinos are poor.
      • 32.9% of Filipinos earn less than P 15,057.57 a year (Y36,557), P 1,254.80 a month (Y3,046) and P 41.26 a day (Y100.15).
    • 26.9% or 4.6 million Filipino families are poor.
      • 26.9% of families earn less than P75,287.85 a year (Y182,705), P 6,273.99 a month (Y15,232.08) and P 206.29 a day (Y500.78).
  • Poorest Provinces (2006) NSCB Poverty Incidence Tawi-Tawi, Mindanao 78.9% Zamboanga del Norte, Mindanao 63.0% Maguindanao, Mindanao 62.0% Apayao, Northern Luzon 57.5% Surigao del Norte, Mindanao 53.2% Lanao del Sur, Mindanao 52.5% Northern Samar, Visayas 52.2% Masbate, Southern Luzon 51.0% Abra, Northern Luzon 50.1% Misamis Occidental, Mindanao 48.8%
  • Least Poor Provinces (2006) NSCB Poverty Incidence Batanes, Northern Luzon 0% Rizal, Adjacent to NCR 6.4% Bataan, Luzon 6.8% Cavite, Adjacent to NCR 7.8% Benguet, Luzon 8.2% Pampanga, Adjacent to NCR 8.3% Bulacan, Adjacent to NCR 10.0% Laguna, Adjacent to NCR 10.6% Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon 12.7% Quirino, Luzon 15.9%
  • Poverty trends NSCB
  • Philippine Poverty Incidence: Families (Percentage) NSCB 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 %
  • Philippine Poverty Incidence: Individuals (Percentage) NSCB 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 %
  • Income Distribution 2006, NSO
  • Income Distribution
  • Income Distribution
  • Self-Rated Poverty Pulse-Asia June 2004 October 2004 March 2005 Philippines 70% 70% 70% Class ABC 37% 21% 35% Class D 68% 68% 69% Class E 84% 87% 82%
  • Self-Rated Poverty Pulse-Asia June 2004 October 2004 March 2005 NCR 52% 41% 48% Luzon 69% 69% 66% Visayas 71% 82% 80% Mindanao 80% 79% 81% Rural 73% 83% 82% Urban 66% 57% 58%
  • Self-Rated Poverty SWS
  • Summary Official Statistics Perception-based measure Poverty Incidence 25% 50-70% Poverty threshold P6,273.99 a month P10,000 a month
  • Access to basic needs Indicator % of population With access to safe drinking water 80.2% With sanitary toilet 86.2% With access to electricity 79.7% With own house and lot 64.9% With children 6-12 years old in elementary 91.2% With children 13-16 years old in high school 36.1%
  • Inadequacies at the Elementary Level Source: Basic Education Information System, DepEd
  • Inadequacies at the Secondary Level Source: Basic Education Information System, DepEd
  • National Achievement Test Scores
    • Elementary Average: 59.94%
    • High School Average: 46.64%
  • Third International Math and Science Survey
    • Grade 4 Test: Philippines ranked 3 rd lowest among 25 countries (Japan ranked 3 rd highest behind Singapore and Hong Kong)
    • Grade 8 Test: Philippines ranked 6 th lowest among 45 countries (Japan ranked 5 th highest behind Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan)
  • Health Personnel by Location Source: Dr. Merceditas Santos-Tuano, former Executive Director, Healthdev Institute Rural Urban Midwives ~30% ~60% Nurses ~20% ~80% Dentists ~10% ~90% Doctors 62% migrate to other countries ~10% ~90%
  • Child Delivery Attendants (2003, NDHS)
  • Child Delivery Attendants by Income Quintiles (2003, NDHS)
  • Location of Child Delivery (2003, NDHS)
  • Location of Child Delivery by Income Quintile (2003, NDHS)
  • Female Life Expectancy 2000, PSY
  • Male Life Expectancy 2000, PSY
  • Life Expectancy 2004, PSY
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 deliveries; 2000, PSY
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 deliveries; 2000, PSY
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 deliveries; 2000, PSY
  • Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 deliveries; 2000, PSY
  • Maternal Mortality Rate per 100,000 live births; 1996-2000, PSY
  • Maternal Mortality Rate per 100,000 live births; 1995, PSY
  • Human Development Index
    • Income per capita
    • Health
      • Life Expectancy
    • Education
      • Mean Years of Schooling
      • Literacy Rate
  • Human Development Index UNDP 2004 Country Rank HDI Country Rank HDI Norway 1 0.956 Philippines 83 0.753 U.S.A. 8 0.939 China 94 0.745 Singapore 25 0.902 Indonesia 111 0.692 Malaysia 59 0.793 Viet Nam 112 0.691 Thailand 76 0.768 Sierra Leone 177 0.273
  • Human Development Index UNDP 2004
  • Human Poverty Index UNDP 2004
    • Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40.
    • Adult illiteracy rate.
    • Population without access to an improved water source.
    • Children underweight for age.
  • Human Poverty Index UNDP 2004 Country Rank HPI Country Rank HPI Barbados 1 2.5 Philippines 28 15.0 Singapore 6 6.3 Indonesia 35 17.8 Thailand 22 13.1 Viet Nam 41 20.0 China 24 13.2 Burikina Faso 95 65.5
  • Alternative questions for assessing poverty
    • How much income do you have?
    • How much income do you have relative to others?
    • Do you feel poor?
    • Do you have access to basic needs?
    • What is the quality of life you are able to lead?
  • Measuring Poverty Leland Joseph R. Dela Cruz Director, Development Studies Program Ateneo de Manila University