Schools are required by law to protect the rights of students who have been diagnosed with potentially life-threatening food allergies and ensure that children who have a disability are given a free and appropriate public education.
These laws permit students with special physical and medical needs to attend school.
Schools must make reasonable accommodations for these individuals with disabilities to allow them full and equal opportunities at school. (Munoz-Furlong, 2004)
Providing a safe environment for children with food allergies puts schools in a difficult position.
Providing this kind of an environment can single out the allergic child while infringing on the rights of the non-allergic child.
What is the best course of action? How can a school provide for all children equally?
This review sought information to determine the best practices in the management of children with food allergies. This review found commonalities of the management of food allergies, determined best practices based on research for controlling anaphylaxis in these children with known food allergies, and gathered information on educational practices and management plans.
Keeping this in mind, the chance of having an allergic reaction related to ingestion of food is high. According to Mudd and No one, (1995) in studies of fatal and near fatal anaphylaxis reaction to food, a majority of the children who died from food- induced anaphylaxis ingested the food at school.
Some food allergies are air-borne . This means the student with the food allergy can have a reaction caused by the smell of a food, the breath of another student, or any other exposure from the surrounding environment that is in the air.