The Yorkshire Rebellion

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The Yorkshire Rebellion

  1. 1. The Yorkshire Rebellion
  2. 2. Aims <ul><li>To understand what caused the Yorkshire rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>To examine the attitudes of those involved </li></ul><ul><li>To consider how threatening this rebellion was compared to those of the pretenders. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>In 1489 Henry decided to assist Brittany in its efforts to maintain it’s independence from France. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason for this was that if successful Brittany would owe England for the continuation of it’s independence and would therefore be England’s ally and would act as a foothold in France. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In 1489 Parliament voted that Henry could spend £100,000 on his quest to support Brittany. </li></ul><ul><li>However, this had to be raised through taxation. </li></ul><ul><li>This tax was like an early form of income tax and unlike previous taxes could only be paid using cash. </li></ul>
  5. 5. So why did this spark rebellion in Yorkshire? <ul><li>Yorkist regime had only just been overthrown </li></ul><ul><li>Yorkshire had been badly hit by a poor harvest and this tax was the final straw for many who were already struggling. </li></ul><ul><li>Other northern counties were exempted from the tax because they were expected to finance the defence against the Scots…..Yorkshire did not see why they were different. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are the attitudes of these three groups involved in this rebellion? Henry VII Henry Percy The Yorkshire Folk
  7. 7. So what happened I hear you cry?! I must not appear weak This money is necessary to insure us for the future! I support the tax My county is about to rebel I must maintain a positive relationship with Henry We need help after poor harvests Why should we pay when other counties don’t! Where’s Brittany dear? Henry is a murderer and a usurper
  8. 8. So what actually happened…. <ul><li>Henry Percy returned to Yorkshire with nothing and was rewarded by being murdered most probably by the leader of the rebels Sir John Egremont. </li></ul><ul><li>A rebel force was amassed but was defeated by a royal army outside York. </li></ul><ul><li>The Earl of Surrey was sent to Yorkshire and put down the rebellion. Egremont fled to Flanders. </li></ul><ul><li>The Earl of Surrey stayed in the North to act as lieutenant following Percy’s death as he left behind only a minor. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry travelled North and gave out some pardons and although he face no further issues he failed to collect the full tax. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Henry VII <ul><li>Lambert Simnel </li></ul><ul><li>Perkin Warbeck </li></ul><ul><li>Yorkshire rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Cornish rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent did these rebellions threaten authority? </li></ul>

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