1. Assignment 5:
Research of potential
2. Chosen topic –
Stop drug use
In the UK today, approximately 10 billion people smoke.
Now this can be because
1. they want to look cool
2. to possibly have a release from stress
3. or maybe because smoking is just too addictive they cant stop.
To become addicted to smoking it takes a minimum of 5 years.
Approximately 4.9million people worldwide die each year as a result of smoking.
3. Smoking history in the UK
Tobacco was firstly introduced to Europe in the 16th
century as tobacco was originally used as a form of
The pipe as shown in the image on the right was brought
in by Ralph Lane. The tobacco pipe then became
popular around the time of WW1. During this period the
tobacco pipe was portrayed as a luxurious product for
4. What makes it so addictive?
Nicotine is the main substance of a cigarette. This makes it so highly
Within 7 seconds the nicotine enters the brain and provides the sensation
of relaxation, alertness and puts you into a better mood.
This type of boost makes the craving more intense and increases the
However, once nicotine is out of your systems there are withdrawal
symptoms, such as:
• Change in mood
• Change in heart rate
• Change in digestion
• Sleeping problems
5. What are the risks?
6. Affects don’t stop on you…
The affects of smoking don’t stop on the individual that
smokes, this affects everyone them too…
Smoking can affect your family and your friends.
Example; If you have people living in your home were you
smoke the people around can easily pick up second hand
If your family or friends pick up second hand smoking this
can lead to lung cancer from inhaling all that smoke.
Also, if pregnant women are near second hand smoking
this can lead to their unborn baby having the risk of being
7. Stop Smoking
Once smoking is ‘out of your system’, there are great health benefits…
Time period Health benefits
24 hours Risk of heart attack decreases
48 hours Ability to taste and smell improves
72 hours Breathing gets easier as bronchial tubes relax, lung capacity increases
3 weeks Mucus in the lungs loosens, lung function and circulation improves
2 months Blood flows more easily to arms and legs
3months Lungs become more healthy, breathe more easily, fewer colds
1 year Risk of sudden death from heart attack is cut in half
5 years Lung cancer death rate decreases by 50%
10 years Risk of cancer drops significantly
8. Cigarette Formula
Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, more than 50 of which are known to
9. Media portrayal of smoking
How does the media prevent people from smoking?
In the media there are a lot of advertisements that aim to scare and shock
smokers worldwide to connote what smoking does to you and the people around
you. These advertisements are also shown on the cigarette packets themselves.
10. Media portrayal of smoking
NHS have been doing many advertisements to persuade parents to
quit smoking because of its affect on young children.
This advert shows passive smoking surrounding a baby in their home
while the mum smokes in the garden doorway – connotes what is invisible
to the human eye.
11. Chosen topic –
Animals are used for all sorts of horrible things, such as:
• Sporting events
• Animal testing
• Fur used as fashion
• Pedigree breeding
• Animals as food
Over 100 million animals are poisoned/abused in the U.S.
(what about in other countries?)
12. Animal cruelty history
The purposes of animal cruelty is usually for killing
animals for food, or for their fur. Also it usually
encompasses inflicting harm for personal amusement.
Laws concerning animal cruelty are designed to prevent
needless cruelty to animals, rather than killing for other
aims such as food, or they concern species not eaten as
food in the country involved, such as those regarded as
In an animal welfare position they hold that there is
nothing inherently wrong with using animals for human
resources, however these activities should be done in a
humane way that minimizes unnecessary pain and
13. Animal cruelty in the UK
In the UK animal cruelty is a criminal offence where you can
be jailed for up to 51 weeks and could be fined up to
But since the RSPCA was introduced from the House of
Commons, the maximum punishment is hard labour for 6
months and a fine of £25.
14. Born to suffer
Pedigree breeding has a huge impact on the dogs health and welfare.
For example: The Pug
RSPCA believe that pedigree breeding is a scandal and
is very serious.
It is believed that dogs such as the Pug have been bred
because of their looks.
It is also believed by scientists that dogs have been
bred too much that they are not able to walk or breathe
This dog has small nostrils and abnormally developed windpipes which means
they can suffer from severe breathing difficulties and may even having the
difficulty to play or walk.
15. Are animal experiments
There is a debate about animal experiments being necessary and
Animal experiments are one of the traditional approaches to
studying how human and animal bodies work and for testing
medicine and chemical products – that is stated from scientists .
However RSPCA are debating that the usage of animals and the
justification for the suffering caused should be challenged critically
with animals lives and welfare given higher priority.
Adding to that, there must be an end to animal suffering in the
name of science and should use a more humane approach.
16. Cruel sports
• Bulls are usually weakened deliberately by being drugged
• Their horns get shaved down in order to disorientate them.
• Sandbags are then dropped on their backs.
• Petroleum jelly is rubbed into their eyes to make their vision blurred
• Then the fun part, the bull has no chance against the matador who then kills the bulls
slowly with repeated stabbing.
Another horrible discovery is using animals such as dogs, horses in races which are drugged
and are forced to race. These animals will feel trapped because of the small crates they are
Also, once the animals stop winning they are euthanized, or sent to slaughterhouses.
No animals should die or be killed for entertainment!!!
17. Your fur had a face!
Whether it came from the animal or a fur farm,
every fur coat, even a trim caused an animal
In fur farms, all animals are confined to a
cramped space like a wired cage.
Fur farmers use the cruellest killing methods you
can imagine. They could either suffocate,
electrocute, poison or gas these animals.
Any animal fur, leather, wool, exotic skins is
usually not labelled, so who knows what
defenceless creature you are wearing.
18. Animals in danger
Elephants are in danger of becoming extinct
because they are killed for their ivory tusks which
are used to make ornaments and necklaces.
Blue whales are in danger of becoming extinct
because they are being killed for oil and food.
Pandas are in danger of becoming extinct because
they are killed because of their soft fur which are
made for rugs (pandas are symbols of WWF which
is an organisation that tries to help animals and
Rhinoceros’ are in danger because their horns are
cut off for medicine, beauty products/cosmetics.
19. The truth in the media
The media have brainwashed stories of how awesome
their anti-aging cream is and how the latest lip gloss is
a must have accessory.
Also, how a detergent company want us to used their
newly created formula for having cleaner sheets.
But what we don’t realise is what is hidden from us.
Animals are still in those laboratories today being