What is an Essay?The main purpose of any essay is todiscuss, persuade, describe, explain,interpret or analyze a particular topic.
Essay StructureAn essay has three main parts: •An introduction (introductory paragraph) •A body (at least one, but usually more paragraphs) •A conclusion (concluding paragraph)
Essay StructureINTRODUCTIONGeneral statementsThesis statementBODYA Topic sentence 1 support 2 support 3 support (concluding sentence)B Topic sentence 1 support 2 support 3 support (concluding sentence)CONCLUSIONRestatement or summary of the main points; final comments
The IntroductionAn introductory paragraph has 2 parts:General statement•Introduce the general topic of the essay.•Capture the reader’s interest.Thesis statement•States the specific topic.•May list subtopics or subdivisions.•May indicate the pattern of organization.•Is normally the last sentence in the introductory
Body ParagraphsThe body paragraphs are used to:• Develop your topic.• Prove your points.The body paragraph should have:• Some sort of pattern (chronological order or comparison/contrast, or a combination of both)• A logical division of ideas (division into subtopics and discussion of these subtopics in separate paragraphs)
The ConclusionThe conclusion is the final paragraphin an essay. It has three purposes:• It signals the end of the essay.• It reminds the reader of your main points. You can do this in two ways: • Summarize your subtopics. • Paraphrase your thesis.• It leaves the reader with your final thoughts on the topic.
Essay OutliningA formal outline has a system such as thefollowing:• Roman numerals I,II, and III for the major sections of an essay (introduction, body, conclusion)• Capital letters A,B,C and so on label the body paragraphs.• Numerals 1,2,3 and so on number the sub- points in each paragraph.• Small letters a,b,c label specific supporting details.
Essay StructureI INTRODUCTIONGeneral statementsThesis statementII BODYA Topic sentence 1 support a supporting detail 2 support 3 support (concluding sentence)B Topic sentence 1 support 2 support 3 support (concluding sentence)III CONCLUSIONRestatement or summary of the main points; final comments