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Sentence completion

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  • 1. SAT PREP CRITICAL READING – SENTENCE COMPLETION
  • 2. STRATEGIES FOR SENTENCE COMPLETION COVER THE ANSWERS  TRY TO PUT IN YOUR OWN WORD  CIRCLE / MARK ALL PUNCTUATION AND CONJUNCTIONS (they are SO important in sentence completion questions)  DECIDE IF POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE – “GOOD WORD” OR “BAD WORD”???  ELIMINATE, ELIMINATE, ELIMINATE   Remember that the SAT is designed for careLESS readers, so notice the details!
  • 3. DON’T SKIP A QUESTION BECAUSE YOU DON’T KNOW ALL THE WORDS! Use elimination  Use DECODING  Use good word / bad word 
  • 4. LET’S TRY ONE! Moths are nocturnal pollinators, visiting scented flower during the hours of darkness, whereas the butterflies are ____ , attracted to bright flowers in the daytime. A. diurnal B. quotidian C. colorful D. ephemeral E. brilliant 1) 2) 3) 4) Notice “whereas” ? Opposite idea My guess would be “daytime” Eliminate colorful, brilliant – so now guess if in first 2/3 of questions (Easy, Medium, Hard) Nocturnal in first one – opposite is diurnal?
  • 5.        The Victorian middle class woman was ____ by restraints, obligations and ____ that prevented her from achieving economic independence. A. hampered - aspirations B. emancipated - strictures C. fettered - responsibilities D. ensnared - possibilities E. surrounded - freedoms 1) list of 3.. (restraints, obligations, __) – bad word 2) key words “that prevented” – so first blank is “bad word” – second blank is parallel to list 3) first blank --- ELIMINATE (b) emancipated = good, (e) surrounded=neutral 4) second blank -- ELIMINATE (a) good word, (d) good word – GUESS WHAT – only 1 left – C!!!!!
  • 6. YOU TRY ONE~! There is great unevenness in his later plays; there are moments of the greatest ____ in the midst of great ____.  A. lucidity - enlightenment B. frivolity - triteness C. insight - banality D. obscurity - ambivalence E. profundity - wisdom 
  • 7. ANSWER? First, I look at the questions – the first part suggests UNEVENNESS – so I know the two words will be opposite ones.  That means I can eliminate A – both have “light” meanings  I can eliminate E – profound and wise  Both words in B are closely related  Of the two left (even if I’m not sure of the meaning of all words), I should make an educated guess – since “obscure” and “ambivalent” are really opposites, I will choose C – insight and banality 
  • 8. TRY THIS ONE! The success of the business venture ____ his expectations; he never thought that the firm would prosper.  A. confirmed B. belied C. nullified D. fulfilled E. ratified 
  • 9. ANSWER In examining the sentence, there are two clauses joined by a semicolon (;) – the second explains the first.  The second clause suggest that he was surprised – so I can eliminate ALL of them except B – “belied” -- even if I don’t know what that word means – I have eliminated the rest – B is the correct answer. 

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