Battles in boston common sense

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  • 1. Patrick Henry
  • 2. Warm Up
    • What is your definition of liberty?
    • What is the price of liberty?
    • What would you give up to have liberty?
  • 3. American Revolution
    • Fought between Great Britain and the 13 American Colonies
    • British Army vs. Continental Army
    • Colonies are fighting to win independence from Britain
  • 4. People in the Colonies
    • The Colonies were split in their opinion about revolution
    • People who supported the Revolution were called Patriots
    • People who supported Great Britain and King George were called Loyalists or Tories
    • People who were unsure of what side to support were called Neutrals
  • 5. British Army
    • Largest and most powerful army in the world
    • Soldiers enlisted or joined as a career and were well trained
    • Soldiers were known as Redcoats
    • Lead by experienced generals such as Thomas Gage, William Howe, John Burgoyne, and Charles Cornwallis
  • 6. Redcoats
    • They are British soldiers
    • They wore red coated uniforms.
    • Their red coats made them easier to see and shoot at.
  • 7. Continental Army
    • Small army without many supplies
    • Soldiers were farmers, fishermen, and businessmen
    • Soldiers were known as Minutemen
    • Lead by generals with little to no experience, such as George Washington, Henry Knox, Nathanael Greene, Horatio Gates, and Benedict Arnold
  • 8. Minutemen
    • Members of the Militia.
    • Not professional soldiers.
    • They get their name from their ability to get ready for battle in under a minute.
  • 9. Militia
    • A small army of volunteer soldiers that represent a single colony
    • The Continental Army was made up of Militias
  • 10. Continental Congress
    • A gathering of colonial leaders in Philadelphia to discuss the relationship between Britain and the colonies.
    • Met 1 st in 1774, and a 2 nd time in1775
  • 11. Warm Up
    • What were some strengths and weaknesses of the British and Continental Armies at the start of the Revolution?
    • Start a T-Chart to record your answers.
    • Use bullet points.
  • 12. Advantages
    • British Army- at the start of the war they had more soldiers, more resources, and more experience.
    • Continental Army- at the start of the war they knew the land they were fighting on, and were fighting for a cause they believed in.
  • 13. Warm Up
    • Copy the information in the T Chart on the board into your notes.
    • “ A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right.”- Thomas Paine
    • What do you think this means?
    • Do you agree with Paine’s quote?
  • 14. Paul Revere’s Ride
    • Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott ride to Lexington and Concord, outside Boston, to warn that the British army is marching.
    • They ride on the night of April 18, 1775.
    • Revere is captured after leaving Lexington.
    • Dawes continues to warn Concord.
  • 15. Battle at Lexington
    • British soldiers reach Lexington on April 19, 1775.
    • 70 Minutemen wait for them.
    • The Minutemen are lead by Captain John Parker.
    • Battle lasts a few minutes.
    • 8 Minutemen die and 10 are injured.
  • 16. Battle at Concord
    • Samuel Prescott warns Concord the British are coming.
    • People hide the weapons the British want.
    • The British set buildings on fire.
    • Minutemen shoot at the British.
    • “ Shot heard ‘round the world.”
    • Also occurs on April 19, 1775
  • 17. Fort Ticonderoga
    • In May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture the British fort in New York
    • In March of 1776, Henry Knox is sent to the fort to get its cannons.
    • Knox brings the cannons back to Boston.
  • 18. Battle of Bunker Hill
    • On June 16, 1775, the British attack Patriots stationed on Bunker and Breeds Hill outside of Boston.
    • The British attack twice and fail.
    • On the third try the British force the Patriots to retreat.
    • Even though they lose, the Patriots prove they could fight with the British.
  • 19. Dorchester Heights
    • General Washington sends Colonel Henry Knox back to Ticonderoga to get more weapons.
    • In March of 1776, they put cannons on Nook’s Hill aimed at Boston.
    • Washington proved he could outmaneuver General Gage.
  • 20. Common Sense
    • In January of 1776, Thomas Paine writes a short book called Common Sense.
    • Common Sense is written so that all colonists can read and is distributed throughout the colonies.
    • This increases the support for separation from England
  • 21. Common Sense Arguments
    • The British control over the economy has limited the colonists’ trade
    • The people of Boston suffer under the Intolerable Acts
    • An island should not rule a Continent
    • The British are jealous of the Colonies
  • 22. Thomas Paine
  • 23. Thomas Paine
    • Thomas Paine agreed with Patrick Henry and thought the colonies should revolt against the King of England.
    • Do you agree with them, or would you remain loyal to the king?
  • 24. Directions
    • Get into pairs and get a textbook page 118.
    • Pretend you are a colonist who has read Common Sense
    • Create a poster advertising Common Sense and supporting Paine’s ideas.