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Battles in boston common sense
 

Battles in boston common sense

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    Battles in boston common sense Battles in boston common sense Presentation Transcript

    • Patrick Henry
    • Warm Up
      • What is your definition of liberty?
      • What is the price of liberty?
      • What would you give up to have liberty?
    • American Revolution
      • Fought between Great Britain and the 13 American Colonies
      • British Army vs. Continental Army
      • Colonies are fighting to win independence from Britain
    • People in the Colonies
      • The Colonies were split in their opinion about revolution
      • People who supported the Revolution were called Patriots
      • People who supported Great Britain and King George were called Loyalists or Tories
      • People who were unsure of what side to support were called Neutrals
    • British Army
      • Largest and most powerful army in the world
      • Soldiers enlisted or joined as a career and were well trained
      • Soldiers were known as Redcoats
      • Lead by experienced generals such as Thomas Gage, William Howe, John Burgoyne, and Charles Cornwallis
    • Redcoats
      • They are British soldiers
      • They wore red coated uniforms.
      • Their red coats made them easier to see and shoot at.
    • Continental Army
      • Small army without many supplies
      • Soldiers were farmers, fishermen, and businessmen
      • Soldiers were known as Minutemen
      • Lead by generals with little to no experience, such as George Washington, Henry Knox, Nathanael Greene, Horatio Gates, and Benedict Arnold
    • Minutemen
      • Members of the Militia.
      • Not professional soldiers.
      • They get their name from their ability to get ready for battle in under a minute.
    • Militia
      • A small army of volunteer soldiers that represent a single colony
      • The Continental Army was made up of Militias
    • Continental Congress
      • A gathering of colonial leaders in Philadelphia to discuss the relationship between Britain and the colonies.
      • Met 1 st in 1774, and a 2 nd time in1775
    • Warm Up
      • What were some strengths and weaknesses of the British and Continental Armies at the start of the Revolution?
      • Start a T-Chart to record your answers.
      • Use bullet points.
    • Advantages
      • British Army- at the start of the war they had more soldiers, more resources, and more experience.
      • Continental Army- at the start of the war they knew the land they were fighting on, and were fighting for a cause they believed in.
    • Warm Up
      • Copy the information in the T Chart on the board into your notes.
      • “ A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right.”- Thomas Paine
      • What do you think this means?
      • Do you agree with Paine’s quote?
    • Paul Revere’s Ride
      • Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott ride to Lexington and Concord, outside Boston, to warn that the British army is marching.
      • They ride on the night of April 18, 1775.
      • Revere is captured after leaving Lexington.
      • Dawes continues to warn Concord.
    • Battle at Lexington
      • British soldiers reach Lexington on April 19, 1775.
      • 70 Minutemen wait for them.
      • The Minutemen are lead by Captain John Parker.
      • Battle lasts a few minutes.
      • 8 Minutemen die and 10 are injured.
    • Battle at Concord
      • Samuel Prescott warns Concord the British are coming.
      • People hide the weapons the British want.
      • The British set buildings on fire.
      • Minutemen shoot at the British.
      • “ Shot heard ‘round the world.”
      • Also occurs on April 19, 1775
    • Fort Ticonderoga
      • In May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture the British fort in New York
      • In March of 1776, Henry Knox is sent to the fort to get its cannons.
      • Knox brings the cannons back to Boston.
    • Battle of Bunker Hill
      • On June 16, 1775, the British attack Patriots stationed on Bunker and Breeds Hill outside of Boston.
      • The British attack twice and fail.
      • On the third try the British force the Patriots to retreat.
      • Even though they lose, the Patriots prove they could fight with the British.
    • Dorchester Heights
      • General Washington sends Colonel Henry Knox back to Ticonderoga to get more weapons.
      • In March of 1776, they put cannons on Nook’s Hill aimed at Boston.
      • Washington proved he could outmaneuver General Gage.
    • Common Sense
      • In January of 1776, Thomas Paine writes a short book called Common Sense.
      • Common Sense is written so that all colonists can read and is distributed throughout the colonies.
      • This increases the support for separation from England
    • Common Sense Arguments
      • The British control over the economy has limited the colonists’ trade
      • The people of Boston suffer under the Intolerable Acts
      • An island should not rule a Continent
      • The British are jealous of the Colonies
    • Thomas Paine
    • Thomas Paine
      • Thomas Paine agreed with Patrick Henry and thought the colonies should revolt against the King of England.
      • Do you agree with them, or would you remain loyal to the king?
    • Directions
      • Get into pairs and get a textbook page 118.
      • Pretend you are a colonist who has read Common Sense
      • Create a poster advertising Common Sense and supporting Paine’s ideas.