1° Automotive SPICE Conference                                   °                                               October 9...
Mapping A-SPICE...            Goals of the presentation G1. Introduce the rationale for carefully compare modelsand framew...
ISTI-CNR            At a glance                                                               www.isti.cnr.it             ...
Engineering            At a glance                                                                           www.eng.it   ...
Mapping A-SPICE...             Agenda• Introduction     –   Saids and proverbs…     –   Understandability & Comprehension ...
Introduction            Saids and proverbs...• Chinese proverbIf you dont know where you are going, any road will do• Hump...
Introduction            Understandability & Comprehension      Buongiorno                                                 ...
Introduction            A-SPICE: the Process model8                  AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012   www.eng.i...
Introduction             Translating ‘languages’            A-SPICE:            MAN.6 - Measurement                       ...
Introduction              Some basic questions•• ISO    ISO management           management systems                       ...
Mapping A-SPICE...             Agenda• Introduction      –   Saids and proverbs…      –   Understandability & Comprehensio...
A new mapping               A logical chain of mappingsPrevious mappings in Automotive ASPICE (HIS) vs CMMI-DEV    too hig...
A new mapping                      The IPO elements Inputs:  nputs        – Automotive SPICE PAM v4.5        – ISO/IEC 169...
A new mapping            Rating scale• Many mappings/comparisons apply a ratio scale (%) for  expressing the coverage leve...
Mapping A-SPICE...             Agenda• Introduction      –   Saids and proverbs…      –   Understandability & Comprehensio...
A short example                        A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949Main Findings – Most of...     ‘N’ ratings (24% of A-SPICE B...
A short example                         ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICEMain Findings – Most of...     ‘N’ ratings (13% of the 131 ...
Mapping A-SPICE...             Agenda• Introduction      –   Saids and proverbs…      –   Understandability & Comprehensio...
Mapping A-SPICE...             Conclusions & Perspectives•        Mappings & Comparisons               Apples vs Oranges.....
Mapping A-SPICE...            The LEGO Approach                                                          1. MCM Repository...
Mapping A-SPICE...            Lessons Learned...                                                                          ...
Mapping A-SPICE...            Q&A          Thanks for your attention!        Grazie per la vostra attenzione!22           ...
Mapping A-SPICE...            Our Contact Data           Luigi                              Giuseppe                      ...
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Mapping Automotive SPICE: Achieving Higher Maturity & Capability Levels

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As usual, when planning to improve a process, an organization needs to compare the current version (‘as-is’) with the new, desired one (‘to-be’). The possible content for such improvement comes from comparisons and mappings with similar processes kept from different sources. In the ICT arena such kind of studies are quite frequent but not always done for covering all models, for instance in the Automotive field. Again, often such comparisons have been done between not directly comparable elements (e.g. any management system standard as ISO 9001 is a requirement model, while maturity models such as CMMI or ISO/IEC 15504 represent process meta-models, with a different aim and contents). The aim of this presentation is to provide a new mapping between AutomotiveSPICE (A-SPICE) and the ISO 9001 norm for the Automotive sector (ISO/TS 16494:2009). This new mapping could be to provide tips for giving contents to ISO clauses but directly from A-SPICE, for more valuable improvement projects.

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Transcript of "Mapping Automotive SPICE: Achieving Higher Maturity & Capability Levels"

  1. 1. 1° Automotive SPICE Conference ° October 9-10, 2012Mapping Automotive SPICE and Achieving Higher Maturity & ISO/TS 16949:2009 Capability Levels Luigi Buglione Giuseppe Lami Fabrizio Fabbrini www.eng.it
  2. 2. Mapping A-SPICE... Goals of the presentation G1. Introduce the rationale for carefully compare modelsand frameworks each others G2. Present the A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949 bi-directionalmapping G3. Show possible benefits for process improvementpurposes, helping to achieve higher MLs and CLs2 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  3. 3. ISTI-CNR At a glance www.isti.cnr.it www.isti.cnr.it3 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  4. 4. Engineering At a glance www.eng.it www.eng.it4 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  5. 5. Mapping A-SPICE... Agenda• Introduction – Saids and proverbs… – Understandability & Comprehension – Automotive SPICE: the Process model – Translating languages – Some basic questions• A new mapping for the Automotive sector – A logical chain of mappings – The IPO elements – Rating scale• A short example – A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949 – ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICE• Conclusions & Prospects• Q& A5 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  6. 6. Introduction Saids and proverbs...• Chinese proverbIf you dont know where you are going, any road will do• Humphrey’s proverbIf you don’t know where you are, a map wont help• AnonymousIf you dont know where you are going, a map wont get you thereany faster6 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  7. 7. Introduction Understandability & Comprehension Buongiorno Good Morning ‫حا‬ おはようございます Bonne journée Buenos dias Guten morgen7 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  8. 8. Introduction A-SPICE: the Process model8 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  9. 9. Introduction Translating ‘languages’ A-SPICE: MAN.6 - Measurement COBIT v5: MEA1 – Monitor & Evaluate Performance MSF v4.0: and Conformance ??? ISO/TS 16949:2009 §8.2 – Monitoring & Measurement CMMI-DEV v1.3: MEA – Measurement & Analysis9 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  10. 10. Introduction Some basic questions•• ISO ISO management management systems systems standards standards are are about about ‘requirements’, while MCMc (Maturity & Capability Models) ‘requirements’, while MCMc (Maturity & Capability Models) are about ‘processes’: how to reconciliate those contents in are about ‘processes’: how to reconciliate those contents in mappings/comparisons? mappings/comparisons? • How to deal with issues contained in model ‘A’, but orphans in model ‘B’?•• From an assessment viewpoint, running 2+ parallel From an assessment viewpoint, running 2+ parallel assessments on (quite) the same issues significantly increase assessments on (quite) the same issues significantly increase the CoQ (Cost of Quality): how to deal with it? the CoQ (Cost of Quality): how to deal with it?10 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  11. 11. Mapping A-SPICE... Agenda• Introduction – Saids and proverbs… – Understandability & Comprehension – Automotive SPICE: the Process model – Translating languages – Some basic questions• A new mapping for the Automotive sector – A logical chain of mappings – The IPO elements – Rating scale• A short example – A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949 – ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICE• Conclusions & Prospects• Q& A11 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  12. 12. A new mapping A logical chain of mappingsPrevious mappings in Automotive ASPICE (HIS) vs CMMI-DEV too high level CMMI-DEV vs ISO 15504 not linking elements ISO 15504 vs ASPICE (HIS) only a picture ISO 12207 vs ASPICE not mapping CMMI ISO 15504-10 vs ISO 26262 not w/ASPICE •• …build a bi-directional …build a bi-directional mapping between A-SPICE mapping between A-SPICE and ISO/TS 16949 and ISO/TS 1694912 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  13. 13. A new mapping The IPO elements Inputs: nputs – Automotive SPICE PAM v4.5 – ISO/IEC 16949:2009 – CMMI-DEV v1.3 Process: rocess – Analysis of existing partial mappings • Mutafeljia & Stromberg’s ones between CMMI and ISO 9001 • SQI mapping report (CMMI v1.0 vs ISO/IEC 15504 TR, 2001) – Selection of the valuable elements • Verification of established relationships • Update when models/standards have been released in new versions • Take into account ISO/TS 16949 supplemental requirements, not covered in A-SPICE Outputs: utputs Formats: spreadsheet (.xls, .ods) possible ‘dynamic’ browsing through elements document (.pdf) ‘traditional’ format in an ISTI-CNR Technical Report13 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  14. 14. A new mapping Rating scale• Many mappings/comparisons apply a ratio scale (%) for expressing the coverage level of single issues/requirements …but it maintains a certain subjectivity level when assigning values, it’s not a mathematical operation… • Since we’re dealing with MCMs (Maturity & Capability Models), using an ordinal four-points rating scale (N/P/L/F), why don’t using it as done in assessment? ISO/IEC CMMI 15504 F 86-100% 76-100% More focus on P/L More focus on P/L L 51-85% 51-75% for improvements for improvements P 16-50% 26-50% N 0-15% 0-25%14 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  15. 15. Mapping A-SPICE... Agenda• Introduction – Saids and proverbs… – Understandability & Comprehension – Automotive SPICE: the Process model – Translating languages – Some basic questions• A new mapping for the Automotive sector – A logical chain of mappings – The IPO elements – Rating scale• A short example – A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949 – ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICE• Conclusions & Prospects• Q& A15 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  16. 16. A short example A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949Main Findings – Most of... ‘N’ ratings (24% of A-SPICE BPs) ACQ processes (ACQ.3 ACQ.11, ACQ.13. ACQ14) for the ‘strategy’ REU.2 (out of scope) ‘P’ ratings (18% of A-SPICE BPs) More specific actions in A-SPICE than ISO/TS (being a requirement and not a process model) E.g. Regression testing actions or MAN.5 (Risk Mgmt) ‘L’ ratings (20% of A-SPICE BPs) ‘F’ ratings (38% of A-SPICE BPs) Together have c.a. 60% coverage A-SPICE is ‘naturally’ more specific than ISO/TS (req. model), but showing a common usage of those practice also inISO/TS16 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  17. 17. A short example ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICEMain Findings – Most of... ‘N’ ratings (13% of the 131 ISO/TS clauses – from §4 on) About supplemental clauses added in ISO/TS not present ISO 9001 (e.g. Special chars, FMEA, etc.) ‘P’ ratings (10% of A-SPICE BPs) About supplemental clauses only partially dealt in A-SPICE (e.g. Training-on-the-job or the prototype program, etc. ‘L’ ratings (40% of A-SPICE BPs) ‘F’ ratings (37% of A-SPICE BPs) Together have c.a. 77% coverage Medium-large coverage level of ISO/TS requirements in A-SPICE processes and practices17 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  18. 18. Mapping A-SPICE... Agenda• Introduction – Saids and proverbs… – Understandability & Comprehension – Automotive SPICE: the Process model – Translating languages – Some basic questions• A new mapping for the Automotive sector – A logical chain of mappings – The IPO elements – Rating scale• A short example – A-SPICE vs ISO/TS 16949 – ISO/TS 16949 vs A-SPICE• Conclusions & Prospects• Q& A18 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  19. 19. Mapping A-SPICE... Conclusions & Perspectives• Mappings & Comparisons Apples vs Oranges... Mappings and comparisons can help in better understanding where the organization’s processes can eventually be improved Need to carefully find all the input models to be mapped• Some basic criteria and assumptions Mappings must be bi-directional Granularity is the key The final target is improving your QMS, not the input model/framework used Certification/compliance to a standard should be a natural consequence of such work, not the goal itself! Main findings Medium/large coverage between practices suggested Different issues from both sides (N/P ratings) from which taking ideas for strengthening your own QMS, according to the ‘model’ you’re starting to map processes Next steps Take care of all possible models/inputs with potential ideas and sources for improvements to your QMS people are the real ‘wheel’ of your organization The LEGO approach and the new MCM repository can help on this! ...try & see! Our similarities are different. Our similarities are different. (Philip James Bailey, ,English poet, 1816--1902 (Philip JamesBailey, English poet,1816-1902) Philip Philip Bailey, Bailey 1816 1902 1816-1902) 19 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  20. 20. Mapping A-SPICE... The LEGO Approach 1. MCM Repository 1. MCM Repository 2. Process 2. Process Architecture Architecture 3. Mappings & 3. Mappings & 4. Appraisal Method 4. Appraisal Method Comparisons Comparisons 2. 3. 4. 1. Query the Include new Adapt Identify goals MCM repository elements & Adopt Source: Buglione L., Gresse von Wangenheim C., Hauck J.C.R., Mc Caffery F., The LEGO Maturity & Capability Model Approach, Proceedings of 5WCSQ, 5th World Congress on Software Quality, Shanghai (China), Oct 31- Nov 4 201120 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  21. 21. Mapping A-SPICE... Lessons Learned... URL: www.dilbert.com21 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  22. 22. Mapping A-SPICE... Q&A Thanks for your attention! Grazie per la vostra attenzione!22 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini
  23. 23. Mapping A-SPICE... Our Contact Data Luigi Giuseppe Fabrizio Buglione Lami Fabbrini Engineering.IT/ETS ISTI/CNR ISTI/CNR luigi.buglione@eng.it giuseppe.lami@isti.cnr.it fabrizio.fabbrini@isti.cnr.it23 AutomotiveSPICE 2012 – October 9-10, 2012 www.eng.it © 2012 L.Buglione, G.Lami F.Fabbrini

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