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Assisted suicide presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Death with Dignity or Murder?(Freedomist, 2010)
  • 2. What is Assisted Suicide? General term for helping a patient to terminate their life Majority of assisted suicide requests are from severely or terminally ill (Knickerbocker, 2010) patients
  • 3. Types of Assisted SuicideEuthanasia: Physician-assisted suicide:  Physician prescribes the Physician prescribes the treatment treatment  Patient administers the Physician directly administers treatment the treatment to the patient  Physician does not administer the treatment
  • 4. Types of Euthanasia Active  Voluntary  Administering treatment to end  Patient consents to treatment life Passive  Involuntary  Withholding from treatment  Patient is unable to consent to that sustains life treatment
  • 5. Legality Euthanasia  Illegal in the United States, Canada  Legal in Netherlands, Belgium Physician-assisted suicide  Legal in Oregon, Washington, Montana  Legal in Netherlands (Chaikin, 2009)
  • 6. Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act1. Requires the patient give a fully informed, voluntary decision.2. Applies only to the last 6 months of the patient’s life.3. Makes it mandatory that a second opinion by a qualified physician be given that the patient has fewer than 6 months to live.4. Requires two oral requests by the patient.5. Requires a written request by the patient.6. Allows cancellation of the request at any time.7. Makes it mandatory that a 15-day waiting period occurs after the first oral request.8. Makes it mandatory that 48-hours (2 days) elapse after the patient makes a written request to receive the medication.9. Punishes anyone who uses coercion on a patient to use the Act.10. Provides for psychological counseling if either of the patient’s physicians thinks the patient needs counseling.11. Recommends the patient inform his/her next of kin.12. Excludes nonresidents of Oregon from taking part.13. Mandates participating physicians are licensed in Oregon.14. Mandates Health Division Review.15. Does not authorize mercy killing or active euthanasia.
  • 7. ControversyAgainst For A cry for help  Not all pain or situations are Suicide intent is not permanent controllable Depressed  There are safeguards Financial obligation to families  Humane Pain is controllable  Patient Self-Determination Legalizing physician-assisted suicide would legalize euthanasia Murder Sin
  • 8. Impact Healthcare and HumanPatients Service Workers In 47 states terminally ill  Many healthcare and human patients cannot choose to end service workers would be and their suffering have to be involved in physician-assisted suicide In the 3 states that have cases against their beliefs. legalized physician assisted suicide, terminally ill patients are faced with a monumental decision
  • 9. References Amarasekara, K., & Bagaric, M. (2004). Moving from voluntary euthanasia to non-voluntary euthanasia: equality and compassion. Ratio Juris, 17(3), 398-423. Chaikin, S. (2009). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Should Death Be a Choice? Message posted to Chetwynd, S. B. (2004). Right to life, right to die, and assisted suicide. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 21(2), 174-182. DiNitto, D. M. (2011). Social welfare: politics and public policy (7th ed.). Boston: Person Education Incorporation. Freedomist. (2010). Germany Supreme court rules: assisted suicide ok. Message posted to Gorman, D. (1999). Active and passive euthanasia: the cases of Drs. Claudio Alberto de la Rocha and Nancy Morrison. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 160(6), 857-860. Knickerbocker, B. (2010). Montana becomes third state to legalize physician-assisted suicide. Message posted to Lachman, V. (2010). Physician-assisted suicide: compassionate liberation or murder? Medsurg Nursing, 19(2), 121-124. Mackelprang, R. W., & Mackelprang R. D. (2005). Historical and contemporary issues in end-of-life decisions: Implications for social work. Social Work, 50(4), 315-323. Traina, L. H. (1998). Religious perspectives on assisted suicide. Journal of criminal law and criminology, 88(3), 1147-1154.