Free Culture and Web 2.0

Student Society of Computing of OUHK

       Presented by Dr. Haggen So
             Project Man...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Web_2.0_Map.svg (CC BY-SA)
Introduction




       A Vision of Students Today




http://mediatedcultures.net/ksudigg/?p=119 (CC BY)
Introduction



I did not create the problem

But they are MY problems
Introduction




Freedom and Survival
Computer History - MainFrame




      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Honeywell-
Bull_DPS_7_Mainframe_BWW_March_1990.j...
Source Code


•   Computer Instructions are coded in binary
    format 00101...
•   A more human friendly method to progra...
Source Code (Cont.)


•   Convert source code into binary instructions by
    a computer compiler

•   Vertical market – o...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Apple_Computer_Logo.svg
Apple ][+ Clone




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Taiwanese_Apple_II_clone
                     _Cosmo.jpg (GFDL)
Changes in Computer Industry
•   Personal computers - hardware and software
    could be sold separately

•   Money could ...
Richard M. Stallman




http://www.stallman.org/saintignucius.jpg
Responses to the Theft

•   Release source code that could not be used
    commercially

•   Release source code that must...
Free/Open Source Software
                 20+ Years Down the Road

•    Linux
     IDC's Worldwide Quarterly Server Track...
Free/Open Source Software
               20+ Years Down the Road

•    Apache
    –Most popular web server
    –Always mor...
Why the Trend




   Choices
Why the Trend


 Firefox, Chrome…     Internet Explorer

Thunderbird, Evolution…Outlook Express

OpenOffice, Abiword…Micro...
November 2008 Top SuperComputer




        http://www.top500.org/
http://www.research.ibm.com/WearableComputing/linuxwatch/linuxw
                            atch.html
Why the Trend




Choices that are important for Survival
Why the Trend




Search for “Open Source Financial Crisis”
Lessons to Learn


 Know your Freedom

Exercise your Freedom

 Share your Freedom
Introduction to Web 2.0 & Free Culture
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Introduction to Web 2.0 & Free Culture

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Web 2.0 & Free Culture Forum, 5 Mar 2009, Open University of Hong Kong, Student Society of Computing.

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Introduction to Web 2.0 & Free Culture

  1. 1. Free Culture and Web 2.0 Student Society of Computing of OUHK Presented by Dr. Haggen So Project Manager Creative Commons Hong Kong
  2. 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Web_2.0_Map.svg (CC BY-SA)
  3. 3. Introduction A Vision of Students Today http://mediatedcultures.net/ksudigg/?p=119 (CC BY)
  4. 4. Introduction I did not create the problem But they are MY problems
  5. 5. Introduction Freedom and Survival
  6. 6. Computer History - MainFrame http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Honeywell- Bull_DPS_7_Mainframe_BWW_March_1990.jpg (GFDL)
  7. 7. Source Code • Computer Instructions are coded in binary format 00101... • A more human friendly method to program computer: /* Hello World program */ #include<stdio.h> main() { printf("Hello World"); }
  8. 8. Source Code (Cont.) • Convert source code into binary instructions by a computer compiler • Vertical market – one supplier for all computer needs • Source code by itself own had no commercial value -> freely distributed
  9. 9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Apple_Computer_Logo.svg
  10. 10. Apple ][+ Clone http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Taiwanese_Apple_II_clone _Cosmo.jpg (GFDL)
  11. 11. Changes in Computer Industry • Personal computers - hardware and software could be sold separately • Money could be made by closing up source code • Some programmers sold the copyright of the source code of collaborative projects and stole of work of others • AT&T Unix incident
  12. 12. Richard M. Stallman http://www.stallman.org/saintignucius.jpg
  13. 13. Responses to the Theft • Release source code that could not be used commercially • Release source code that must remain freely available -> Software Freedom • 1983 GNU project, Unix Clone • 1985 Free Software Foundation, Free as in Free Speech, General Public License (GPL)
  14. 14. Free/Open Source Software 20+ Years Down the Road • Linux IDC's Worldwide Quarterly Server Track –2008 2Q $13.9 billion total –Microsoft $5.1 billion 36.5% Growth -1.7% –Linux $1.9 billion 13.4% Growth 9.4% (http://practical-tech.com/infrastructure/linux-server-share- keeps-growing/)
  15. 15. Free/Open Source Software 20+ Years Down the Road • Apache –Most popular web server –Always more popular than IIS (http://www.netcraft.com/) • Foundation of Web 2.0 –Facebook: Apache PHP –Twitter: Ruby on Rails
  16. 16. Why the Trend Choices
  17. 17. Why the Trend Firefox, Chrome… Internet Explorer Thunderbird, Evolution…Outlook Express OpenOffice, Abiword…Microsoft Office Pidgin, aMSN… MSN Messenger Linux, *BSD… Vista
  18. 18. November 2008 Top SuperComputer http://www.top500.org/
  19. 19. http://www.research.ibm.com/WearableComputing/linuxwatch/linuxw atch.html
  20. 20. Why the Trend Choices that are important for Survival
  21. 21. Why the Trend Search for “Open Source Financial Crisis”
  22. 22. Lessons to Learn Know your Freedom Exercise your Freedom Share your Freedom
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