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Copyright and Creative Commons
 

Copyright and Creative Commons

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  • 法律條款的摘要
  • 130 million 13 億

Copyright and Creative Commons Copyright and Creative Commons Presentation Transcript

  • Copyrights and Creative Commons ISOM 110 Summer 2010 Prepared and Presented by Dr. Haggen So Released under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong Licence
  • Causbys' case Property Law Vs New Technology
  • Intellectual Property A Strange Concept One is Physical, Another One is Non-Material and Non-Rival
  • Copyright "Copyright Clause" in US Constitution, 1787 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  • Copyright Limitation on Creativity To stimulate more Creativity
  • Copyright 1710 Statute of Anna 14+14 yr
  • Copyright 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (Mickey Mouse Protection Act) 95 yr
  • Prof. Lawrence Lessig
  • Lessig Raised in a Republican Family Turn Democrat with Outside Exposure
  • Eldred A Passionate father who wished to encourage reading by putting Classics on the Web Mickey Mouse Protection Act was a show stopper Became a Test Case
  • History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences (Six Contracts)
  • balance All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved © Creative Commons
  • purpose
  • licence elements: Attribution 署名 Non-Commercial 非商業性 No Derivative Works 禁止衍生 Share Alike 相同方式共享
  • the licences Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by) 6 variations
  • 授權條款 署名 非商業性 禁止衍生 (by-nc-nd) 署名 非商業性 相同方式共享 (by-nc-sa) 署名 非商業性 (by-nc) 署名 禁止衍生 (by-nd) 署名 相同方式共享 (by-sa) 署名 (by) 6 個不同條款
  • three expressions: Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
  • Common Deed 法律條款的摘要
  • Legal Code 授權條款全文
  • Digital Code 數碼源碼 <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;><img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/88x31.png&quot; /></a><br />&#26412; &#33879;&#20316; &#20418;&#25505;&#29992;<a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;>&#20849;&#20139;&#21109;&#24847; &#32626;&#21517;-&#38750;&#21830;&#26989;&#24615;-&#30456;&#21516;&#26041;&#24335;&#20849;&#20139; 3.0 &#39321;&#28207; &#25480;&#27402;&#26781;&#27454;</a>&#25480;&#27402;.
  • Search CC Licensed Works http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  • Search CC Licensed Works http://search.creativecommons.org/
  • License Your Works in CC http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  • History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences 2004 台灣創用 CC 2006 中国大陆知识共享 2008 香港共享創意
  • It all began when the Journalism and Media Studies Centre was willing to take the lead
  • The first informal meeting was held on 30 July 2007 when Dr. Catharina Maracke, Director of CC International, was in Hong Kong
  • Localization of Licences The Legal Lead completed Two rounds public consultations CCi approved the localization of six CC licences
  • Community Outreach CC presentations at different occasions Production of CC Education Kit with interviews from renowned artist, composer, writer and IT expert
  • Pre-Launch Event &quot;Free Culture and Free Society: Can the West Love Both?&quot; The Inaugural Lee Shu Pui Leung Wai Hing Distinguished Lecture in Digital Media A lecture hosted by JMSC, HKU held on 24 Oct. with Lessig giving a lecture to the general public
  •  
  • Launch on 25 Oct ! ! HKICC Lee Shau Kee School of Creativity
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Media Coverage More than 20 Articles in various Newspapers Several Radio interviews Lessig's interview was broadcast on TV
  • CC Video
  • BREAK
  • Highlights of Adoption OpenRadio MySinaBlog Kwun Tong Culture and Histories RTHK
  • OpenRadio
  • MySinaBlog
  • Kwun Tong Culture and Histories
  • RTHK Video
  • Growth of CC Works Worldwide
  • Local Adoption Language Type Usage: Apr 09 Usage: Aug 09 % Chg English by 13,620 15,479 13.65% English by-nc 40,259 42,628 5.88% English by-nc-nd 72,466 87,679 20.99% English by-nc-sa 70,488 81,117 15.08% English by-nd 11,053 14,259 29.01% English by-sa 7,927 10,739 35.47% Chinese by 71 73 2.82% Chinese by-nc 2,834 3,635 28.26% Chinese by-nc-nd 1,488 1,952 31.18% Chinese by-nc-sa 1,393 2,920 109.62% Chinese by-nd 91 143 57.14% Chinese by-sa 98 93 -5.10%   Total 221,788 260,717 17.55%
  • Local Adoption (cont.) Language Type Usage:Aug 09 Usage:May 10 % Chg English by 15,479 8,870 -42.70% English by-nc 42,628 64,447 51.18% English by-nc-nd 87,679 55,728 -36.44% English by-nc-sa 81,117 80,163 -1.18% English by-nd 14,259 5,835 -59.08% English by-sa 10,739 4,608 -57.09% Chinese by 73 73 0.00% Chinese by-nc 3,635 780 -78.54% Chinese by-nc-nd 1,952 3,422 75.31% Chinese by-nc-sa 2,920 1,962 -32.81% Chinese by-nd 143 130 -9.09% Chinese by-sa 93 1,223 1215.05% Total 260,717 227,241 -12.84%
  • Other Systems for Legal Use without Clearance Fair Use – Non-exhaustive Model Fair Dealing – Exhaustive Model
  • Fair Use
    • Applicable in the US
    • Purpose and character of use
    • Nature of work (Factual vs Creative)
    • Amount of work being copied
    • Effect on market for work
  • Fair Dealing
    • UK, Commonwealth, HK
    • Prescribed in Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance
      • Research and private study
      • Criticism, review and news reporting
      • Incidental inclusion of copyright material
      • Provisions for disabilities
      • Fair dealing for purposes instruction and examination
      • Legal or Governmental Use
  • Fair Dealing (Cont')
    • Within the prescribed categories, 4 points for considerations in Education within HKCO
      • the purpose and nature of the dealing
      • the nature of the work
      • the amount and substantiality of the portion dealt with in relation to whole work
      • the effect on the potential market value of the work
  • Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments
    • Fair Dealing prescribed in HKCO in the 2007 amendment ultimately depends on the interpretation of the courts
    • Guidelines developed by a group of users and copyright owners under the coordination of Intellectual Property Department
    • Updated 2004
  • Guidelines (Cont.)
    • Articles in newspapers or periodicals - a complete article of any length
    • Poems - not more than 250 words
    • Stories or essays - not more than 2,500 words
    • Textbook - not more than 2% of the number of pages of a textbook in one month, not more than 5% in an academic year
    • For articles in periodicals, poems, stories or essays - not more than 3 works from the same author for one course in an academic year
  • Copyright Clearance
    • Use beyond Fair Dealing – Clearance Required
      • Ask Author
      • Hong Kong Reprographic Rights Licensing Society (HKRRLS)
      • Hong Kong Copyright Licensing Association (HKCLA)
      • Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH)
  • Conclusion
    • The current copyright system
      • Over-developed and Complicated
      • Probably biased towards the Establishment
    • Creative Commons
      • Simplify the System
      • Encourage the Respect of Copyright
      • Encourage Creativity
  • Problems
    • Commercial – Business Model?
    • Practical - InMediaHK
    • Philosophical – What is the Commons?
  • Business -> Dual-Licensing
    • The author still own the copyright even after licensed under a CC licence
    • Can negotiate other terms with any parties
    • Successful example: Magnatune http:/ /magnatune .com/
  • InMediaHK
  • Philosophical – What is the Commons?
    • Compatibility between Licences - Commons without Commonality
    • Problems highlighted in Wikipedia
    • Resolution
  • Image Credits OpenRadio Screen Capture, from http://openradiohk.com/, released under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative 3.0 HK Licence MySinaBlog Screen Capture from http://mysinablog.com/, used by permission
  • Image Credits Kwun Tong Culture and Histories Screen Capture, from http://www.kwuntongculture.hk/, permission through fair dealing RTHK Creative Archive Video, please refer to http://www.rthk.org.hk/creativearchive/, used by permission InMediaHK Screen Capture, from http://www.inmediahk.net/, used by permission
  • This set of slides is based on Rebecca McKinnon (2008). Creative Commons: Copyright in the digital age for Greater China and Hong Kong, from http://www.slideshare.net/rmackinnon/cc-hku-129484, released under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Unported Licence Other Credits
  • Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance, from http://www.hklii.org/hk/legis/en/ord/528/ Director of Intellectual Property (2004) Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments, from http://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/intellectual_property/copyright/workshop/clarifying/Eng_guidelines_2_Aug_04.pdf References
  • Bollier, D. (2009). Viral Spiral: How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own. New York, New Press. Creative Commons Taiwan. (2006). &quot;Creative Commons Licenses Compatibility Wizard.&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from http://creativecommons.org.tw/static/choose/license/licwizeng. References
  • Defining of Free Culture Works. (2008). &quot;Defining of Free Culture Works.&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from http://freedomdefined.org/Definition. Lessig, L. (2004). Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. New York, Penguin. References