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Human rights and media freedom in sri lanka

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  • 1. People for Human Rights & Equality (PHRE) and Darebin Ethnic Communities Council (DECC) Human Rights andMedia Freedom in Sri Lanka 1
  • 2. Human Rights andMedia Freedom in Sri Lanka 2
  • 3. Human Rights andMedia Freedom in Sri Lanka 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. Lasantha Wickrematunge Editor - Sunday Leader andWinner - UNESCO World Press Freedom Prize 2009 Assassinated in January 2009 5
  • 6. Leader Printing Press Nadesapillai Vidyarthan Chief Editor - Sudar Oli & Uthayan Set on fire (2009) Abducted, severely beaten, detained & released due to International pressure (2009) 6
  • 7. Keith Noyahr Namal Perera Deputy Editor - The Nation Deputy Head - The Sri Lanka Press InstituteAbducted & severely assaulted (2009) Attacked with iron bars (2008) 7
  • 8. Jayaprakash Sittampalam TissainayagamEditor - news Web site Outreach SL, North Eastern Monthly, Sunday Times Detained & charged for writing articles critical of the government (2008) Prisoner of conscience 8
  • 9. Paranirupasingham Devakumar Reporter - Sirasa, Shakthi & MTV Hacked to death (2008) Some viewers may find the next image disturbing 9
  • 10. Selvarajah Rajivarnam Journalist – Uthayan Shot dead (2007) 10
  • 11. Subash Chandrabose Subramaniam Ramachandiran Editor – Nilam Journalsit - Yaal Thinakkural & Vaalampuri Shot dead (2007) Kidnapped & Made to Disappear (2007) 11
  • 12. Sampath Lakmal de Silva Parameswaree Maunasami Freelance Journalist Journalist - Mawbima and Suriyan FM Abducted, detained, threatened and released due to Abducted and shot dead (2006) International pressure (2006) Some viewers may find the next image disturbing 12
  • 13. Subramaniyam SugirdharajanJournalist – Sudar Oli, who reported the shooting to death of five students in the proximity of the Navy camp - Trincomalee Shot dead in the High Security Zone (2006) Some viewers may find the next image disturbing 13
  • 14. Relangi SelvarajahSenior broadcaster - Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation (SLRC) and Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) & film Actress Shot dead along with her husband (2005) 14
  • 15. Dharmeratnam Sivaram Editor - TamilNet, Journalist, Daily Mirror, Virakesari and IslandLetter in Sinhala allegedly Abducted, assaulted, shot dead & his body claiming responsibility thrown near the Parliamentary Complex (2005) 15
  • 16. Aiyathurai (Nellai) Nadesan Mylvahanam Nimalarajan Journalist - Virakesari & Journalist - BBC, Virakesari, Ravaya & Suriyan FMVice-President Journalists’ Union in the East Shot dead (2004) Shot and wounded along with his parents and relatives Later succumbed to injuries (2000) 16
  • 17. Rohana Kumara Atputharajah Nadaraja (Ramesh) Chief editor – Satana Chief editor – Thinamurasu Shot dead (1999) Shot dead (1999) 17
  • 18. Richard de Zoysa Journalist - Sri Lankan Rupavahini CorporationKidnapped, tortured, assassinated & thrown in the sea (1990) 18
  • 19. Rajinee Thiranagama Sagarika Gomez Writer & Free lance journalist Journalist - SLRC, Singer & Actress Shot dead (1989) Kidnapped and murdered (1989) 19
  • 20. Premakeerthi de Alwis Thevis Guruge Journalist - SLBC & Lyricist Director General - SLBC & Competent Authority - Media Shot dead (1989) Shot dead (1989) Some viewers may find the next image disturbing 20
  • 21. Sathasivam Sivashanmugamoorthy (Sundaram) Wimal SurendraJournalist - Island Journalist - IslandShot dead (1982) Shot dead (1981) K Navaratnam Journalist - Eelanadu Shot dead (1981) 21
  • 22. Human Rights andMedia Freedom in Sri Lanka 22
  • 23. Media personnel murdered 1981 – 2009 - Part 1Year Month Day Media Person Nationality Place of Killing Nature of Media WorkNewspaper1981 June 3 Navaratnam Tamil Chunnakam, Jaffna Photographer - Eelanadu1981 October 26 Wimal S Surendra Sinhala Jaela, Colombo Photograper - Divaina1982 January 2 Sathasivam Sivashanmugamoorthy (Sundaram) Tamil Jaffna Editor - Pudiya Pathai (First newspaper - PLOTE)1984 June-August Rajaratnam Jeyachandran (Parthan) Tamil Kalavanchikudy, Batticaloa Editor - Viduthalai (PLOTE)1985 T Thayanandan Tamil Ninthavur, Amparai News Reporter - Virakesari1986 S Jeganathan (Kavaloor) Tamil Tamilnadu Writer, Pioneer - Literary Festivals1986 K S Ratnasinham Tamil Vavunathivu, Batticaloa News Reporter - Virakesari1987 October 5 Nilantha Gunawardena (Lighting) Sinhala Palali, Jaffna Camera Crew - Sri Lanka (State) Rupavahini Corporation1987 October 5 Renuka Aththanayake (Engineer) Sinhala Palali, Jaffna Camera Crew - Sri Lanka (State) Rupavahini Corporation1987 October 5 Gamini Jayantha (Technical Officer) Sinhala Palali, Jaffna Camera Crew - Sri Lanka (State) Rupavahini Corporation1987 October 5 Y Karunapala (Driver) Sinhala Palali, Jaffna Camera Crew - Sri Lanka (State) Rupavahini Corporation1987 October 13 Kumaraiah Kamaladas Tamil Jaffna Printing Assistant Utahyan1987 October 19 Aruna Kahandagamage Sinhala Aranthalawa, Kandy Writer (Mission) and Poet, Communist and anti-war activist1987 October 29 Nandana Marasinha Sinhala Anuradhapura Poet and song writer1987 October K M Vasahar Tamil Jaffna Radio Artist - Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation1987 October S Nadarajah Tamil Jaffna Radio Artist - Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation1987 November 18 Sathyapala Wannigama Sinhala Tangalla, Hambantota Feature writer - Divaina and Lecturer - Ruhuna Campus1987 Kithsiri Samaranayaka Sinhala Colombo Lankadeepa1987 Dehiwala MMC of the UNP Sinhala Colombo Script Writer - Vame Kathawa1988 February 16 Vijaya Kumaratunga Sinhala Narahenpita, Colombo Film Actor, Leader - Sri Lanka Mahajana Party1988 May 17 Chandrasiri W Sinhasena (Newspaper Agents son) Sinhala Welimada Newspaper Agent1988 May 17 G B Gunadasa (Sales Assistant) Sinhala Welimada Newspaper Agent1988 July 9 U C Karunatileka Sinhala Harispaththuwa, Kandy News reporter and photographer1988 October 2 Henry Pamunuwa Sinhala Maharagama, Colombo Journalist and Print composer - Aththa1988 October 3 T B Wijesuriya Sinhala Polpithigama, Kurunegala Artist and political activist1988 October 19 J E Gunasekera Sinhala Habarakada, Homagama Writer, author, translator and political activist;1988 October 22 Padmasiri Threemavithana Sinhala Ratnapura Writer - Veda Sisu Handa, upcoming poet and artist1988 November 23 Nelson Karunaratne Sinhala Galewela, Matale News Reporter1988 December 2 H E Dayananda Sinhala Slave Island, Colombo Journalist - Divaina and Political activist1988 December N C M Ismail Muslim Valaichchinai Journalist - Veerakesari and Thinakaran1988 June/July Kandiah Kandasamy Tamil Jaffna Owner - Satruday Review and Lawyer1988 November 17 D M D Chandravimala Sinhala Kaduwela, Colombo Journalist and Political activist1988 S Selvarajah Tamil Jaffna Special Reporter - Thinakkural1989 January 24 D N S Pathirana Sinhala Kolonnawa, Colombo Proof Redaer - Haraya and Political activist1989 January 25 Ananda Navaratna, his father and 3 brothers Sinhala Kandy Editor - Haraya), Literary Critic, Poet and Political Activist1989 February 9 B M Weerakoon Bandara Sinhala Madahapola, Kurunegala Cultural activist1989 February 11 N G Premaratne (Upali) Sinhala Yapahuwa, Kurunegala Street Drama Artist1989 February 11 Sarath Seneviratne Sinhala Yapahuwa, Kurunegala Street Drama Artist1989 February 11 J A Maithreepala Jayaweera Sinhala Yapahuwa, Kurunegala Street Drama Artist1989 March 6 Gamini Senaka Bandara Sinhala Talwatta, Ambalangoda Journalist - Gini Pupura, Cultural and Political activist1989 March 24 K Thanabalasinham Tamil Nallur, Jaffna Free lance journalist1989 March Sunil Navaratne Sinhala Matara Journaist - Haraya and Political activist1989 April 22 Wijesiri Nanayakkara Sinhala Mathugama News Reporter1989 May 11 V Mahalingam Tamil Nelliadi, Jaffna Regional reporter - Island and Attorney at Law 23
  • 24. Media personnel murdered 1981 – 2009 - Part 2Year Month Day Media Person Nationality Place of Killing Nature of Media WorkNewspaper1989 May 27 P D Wimalasena Sinhala Piliyandala, Colombo Manager, Star Press (LSSP)1989 June 4 Ivan Jayasekera Sinhala Maharagama, Colombo Regional journalist and Political activist1989 July 23 Themis Guruge Sinhala Narahenpita, Colombo Competent Authority for Media under Emergency Law and SLRC and Chair and Director General, SLBC1989 July 31 Premakeerthi de Alwis Sinhala Homagama, Colombo Journalsit, Lyricist and News and Program Producer SLBC1989 August 11 Kulasiri Amaratunga Sinhala Mount Lavinia, Colombo News Editor - SLRC1989 August 21 Jinasena Kasthuriarachchi Sinhala Tangalle News Reporter - Tangalle1989 September 18 Sagarika Thomas Sinhala Colombo Journalist SLRC, singer and actress1989 September 21 Rajini Rajasinham Thiranagama Tamil Jaffna Writer and Free lance journalist1989 November 6 I Shanmugalingam Tamil Ariyalai, Jaffna Journalist - Viduthalai (previously of Eelanadu, Murasoli and Eelamurasu)1989 R D Pitawela Sinhala Pitawela, Badulla Newspaper seller -Kamkaru Mawatha and Political activist1989 Sarath Chandraratne Sinhala Ma-Eliya, Yapahuwa Musician, Vocalist and Political activist1989 M Amirthalingam Tamil Jaffna Managing Director and Owner - Murasoli1989 M Navaratnam Tamil Telippalai, Jaffna Journalist - Eelamurasu and Murasoli and teacher1990 January 27 Laxman Perera Sinhala Dehiwala, Colombo Drama producer associated with Richard de Soyza (Who is he? What does he do?)1990 January Upali Gamage (Mahanama) Sinhala Kottawa, Colombo Editor - Vedi Handa; Student activist1990 February 18 Richard de Zoysa Sinhala Colombo Journalist - SLRC) and Actor1990 August 11 A Tamil poet related to a Muslim family Tamil Eravur, Batticaloa, EP Tamil Poet1990 September 6 Kumaraguru Kuhamoorthy Tamil Colombo Journalist - Saturday Review and Activist (MIRJE)1990 September 17 Athula Senaratne Sinhala Colombo Editor - Veda Sisu Handa and Student activist1990 September 27 Sona Pathmanathan Sinhala Nallur, Jaffna Journalsit - Uthayan1990 December 26 Ahamed Lebbe Muslim Valachchenai, EP Writer, Director of Education, and AGA Batticaloa1990 U L Daood Muslim Eravur, EP Free lance journalist, Writer - Muslim Kadai Malar and Principal1991 February 21 Velupillai Anandan Tamil PudukudiIrullu, EP Tamil and Malayali Writer and Literary Critic1991 May 17 Soosapillai Norbert aka Dominique (Francis Xavier) Tamil Kokuvil, Jaffna Journalist - Thipori (formerly of Thinakarai and Theerthakkarai), Writer and political activist (formerly of PLOTE)1991 August 26 Selvanithi Thyagarajah (Selvi) Tamil Jaffna Journalist -Tholi, Drama Produer and Literary Critic; awarded Freedom of Expression by International Pen.1991 August 26 S Thillainathan Tamil Jaffna Cultural Activist involved with Selvi1991 August 26 K Manoharan Tamil Ariyalai, Jaffna Cultural Activist involved with Selvi and collaborated with UTHR1993 May 2 Antony Quintus Fernando Sinhala Maradana, Colombo Regional Reporter - Gnanartha Pradeepa (Catholic Church)1994 May 1 A Sabhalingam Tamil Paris, France Free lance journalist -Thyayagam, Writer and Previous Political activist (Ilangngar Peravai TULF)1994 December 3 Kanakaratnam Sriskantharajah (Rajah) Tamil Borella, Colombo Broadcaster and program producer - Makkal Kural, SLBC1995 April 29 Karunaratna Saputantri Sinhala Sri Lanka Journalist - Silumina, Lake House1995 April 29 Kirama Piyasoma Sinhala Sri Lanka Journalist - Silumina, Lake House1995 April 29 Edwin Weerasinha Sinhala Sri Lanka Photographer - Lake House1995 August 30 S S Ganeshapillai (Varani Yuran) Tamil Maradana, Colombo Radio journalist and Radio artist1996 July 28 Sudeepa Purnajith Sinhala Dehiwela, Colombo Graphic designer, Cartoonist and Artist - Lake House1996 October 26 Kandiah Gajendran (Gajan) Tamil Lasabbelle, North of Paris Editor - Eelamurasu publsihed in Paris1997 October 3 Thirunavukarasu Tharmalingam (Dharmalingam) Tamil Colomputhurai, Jaffna Newspaper agent, JPUM and Political activist1998 September 29 Sashie Krishnakumar Tamil Sri Lanka Free lance journalsit - Yukthiya, Eelanadu, Virakesari, Thinakaran and Literary critic1999 September 7 Rohana Kumara Sinhala Mirihana, Nugegoda Chief Editor - Daily Satana (formerly of Gindara - Fire)1999 November 2 Atputharajah Nadarajah (Ramesh) Tamil Wellawatte, Colombo Editor of the Tamil daily Thinamurusu of the EPDP1999 December 18 Indika Pathinivasan Sinhala Colombo TV Technician, Sirasa - Maharaja Television Network1999 December 18 Anura Priyantha Cooray Sinhala Colombo TV Technician, Independent Television Network1999 December 31 Vasthian Anthony Mariyadas Tamil Vavuniya Free lance rado artist assigned to the SLBC2000 September 16 A M Nihamathulla Muslim Sri Lanka News Reporter - Thinakaran) and Media Secretary to Minister H M Ashroff2000 September 20 Selian Perinpanayagam Tamil Pandirippu, Kalmunai Regional journalist - SLBC, President - East Lanka Journalists Association and Writer 24
  • 25. Media personnel murdered 1981 – 2009 - Part 3Year Month Day Media Person Nationality Place of Killing Nature of Media WorkNewspaper2000 October 19 Mylvahanam Nimalarajan (Nimale) Tamil Jaffna Journalist - BBC, Virakesari, Ravaya and Suriyan FM News Reporter and political analyst - Virakesari, Vice President - Journalists Union in the East and Comittee Member - Sri Lanka2004 May 31 Aiyathurai Nadesan Tamil Batticaloa Tamil Journalists Association. He was awarded Literary Award for the North and East and recognised the Best Tamil Journalist in Year 2000.2004 July 26 S. Kamaladasan Tamil Thinamurasu2004 August 16 Kandasamy Aiyar Balanadarajah (Sinnabala, Ambi Magal, Irayaran) Tamil Wellawatte, Colombo Journalist - Thinamurasu and Thinakaran and Media Secretary - EPDP2004 December 11 Lanka Jayasundara Sinhala Colombo Journalist - Lankadeepa, Vijaya, Sirikatha and Tharunaya2005 March 6 Sathasivam Kamalanathan Tamil Thinamurasu Editor - TamilNet, political and war analyst and Journalist - Daily Mirror, Virakesari and Island. Awarded the Best Journalist award2005 April 28 Dharmeratnam Sivaram (Taraki) Tamil Colombo for popularity2005 July 29 Arasakumar Kannamuthu (Bobby) Tamil Matupola, Kalmunai Newspaper Agent and associated with Eelanatham2005 August 12 Relangi Selvarajah Tamil Colombo Senior broadcaster - SLRC (Uthaya Darshanam) and SLBC2005 August 29 David Selvaratnam Tamil Grandpass, Colombo Security Officer, Sudaroli2005 September 30 Yogakumar Krishnapillai Tamil Batticaloa Eelanatham2005 December 2 A L M Faleel (Natpittimunai Faleel) Muslim Kaththankudi, EP Free lance journalist - Virakesari, Thinakkural, Thinakaran and Writer2005 December 23 Krishnan Navaratnam Tamil Jaffna Salesperson - Yaal Thinakkural News Reporter Trincomalee - Sudar Oli; Reported the shooting to death of five students in the proximity of the Navy camp -2006 January 24 Subramaniyam Sugirtharajan Tamil Uvarmalai, Trincomalee Trincomalee.2006 February 1 S T Gananathan Tamil Ariyalai, Jaffna Sponsor - Tamil News and Information Centre2006 May 2 Bastian George Sagayathas (Suresh) Tamil Kasthuriar Rd, Jaffna Sales Manager - Uthayan2006 May 2 Rajarathnam Ranjith Kumar Tamil Kasthuriar Rd, Jaffna Media assistant - Uthayan2006 May 27 Nihal de Silva Sinhala Wilpaththu, Anuradhapura Writer and literary Activist2006 July 2 Sampath Lakmal de Silva Sinhala Boralesgamuwa, Colombo Freelance journalist2006 July 27 Mariathas Manojanraj Tamil Achchuveli, Jaffna Distributor - Thinakural and Veerakesari2006 August 2 Pathmanathan Vishamananthan Tamil Navalar Rd, Jaffna Musician, singer and compere - Angaran2006 August 15 Sathasivam Baskaran Tamil Puththur Jn, Achchuveli NP Distributor - Uthayan2006 August 21 Sinnathamby Sivamaharajah Tamil Telippalai, Jaffna Managing Director - Namathu Eelanadu; Director - Tamil News and Information Centre2007 February 12 S Raveendran Tamil Kopay, Jaffna Night Manager - Namadi Eelanadu2007 February 15 Subramaniam Ramachandran Tamil Karaveddi, Vadamarachchi News Reporter - Yaal Thinakkural and Valampuri2007 February 27 S. T. Gananathan Tamil Jaffna2007 April 16 Subash Chandrabose Tamil Vavuniya Editor - Nilam, journalsit - Tamil World and Printing Press owner2007 April 29 Selvarajah Rajivarnam Tamil Navalar Rd, Jaffna Staff Journalist - Uthayan2007 August 1 Nilakshan Sahapavan or Sahadevan Tamil Kokuvil, Jaffna Editor - Shalaram or Calare2007 November 5 Anthonypillai Sherin Siththyranjan Tamil Eesalai, Palali, Jaffna Media assistant - Yaal Thinakkural2007 November 17 Vadivel Nimalarajah Tamil Navalar Rd, Jaffna Night proof reader - Uthayan2007 November 27 Isaivizhi Chempiyan (Suhajinee) Tamil Kokuvil, Kiliniochchi Radio Announcer - Voice of Tigers2007 November 27 Suresh Linbiyo Tamil Kokuvil, Kiliniochchi Technical Assistant - Voice of Tigers2007 November 27 T. Tharmalingam Tamil Kokuvil, Kiliniochchi Engineer - Voice of Tigers2007 December 5 W Gunasinha Sinhala Kabilithigollawa, Anuradhapura News Reporter - Divaina2008 May 28 Paranirupasingham (or Pararajasinham) Devakumar Tamil Kallundai, Jaffna Jaffna District Reporter, Shakthi TV and Radio2008 October 26 Mohamed Maharoof Rashmi (Rashmi Maharoof) Muslim Anuradhapura Anuradhapura Reporter - Sirasa and Media activist - Rajarata Madhyavediyo2009 January 8 Lasantha Wickramatunga Sinhala Colombo editor-in-chief - Sunday Leader2009 February Puniyamoorthy Sathiyamoorthy Tamil Mullaitheevu Freelance journalist Gunasena Kasturiarachchi Sinhala Dickwella Nagalingam Thiyagarajah Tamil Batticaloa Journalist K P Upasena Sinhala Marketing and Distribution of Newspapers I C Fernando Sinhala Manikhinna, Kandy Distribution of Newspapers 25
  • 26. Human Rights andMedia Freedom in Sri Lanka 26
  • 27. Acknowledgements1. Free Media Movement – Sri Lanka2. Reporters without borders3. Committee to Protect Journalists4. Reuters5. Associated Press and6. The Institute for Further Education of Journalists 27
  • 28. People for Human Rights & Equality (PHRE) and Darebin Ethnic Communities Council (DECC)Thank you 28

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