Other Names – Syph, BadBlood, The Pox Transmission: Vaginal sex,anal sex, oral sex, skin-to-skincontact w/ infected areas ofopen sores or rashes. Treatment: Cured w/antibiotics Effects: Heart disease,blindness, crippling, insanity,brain damage, & severe illnessor death of newborns
Symptoms: Primary Stage: Painless sore at site of entry of germ (sexorgan or mouth); swollen glands Secondary Stage: (1 wk. – 6 mos. after chancre) Rash onpalms of hands & soles of feet or over entire body;patchy hair loss; sore throat; swollen, painful joints Primary & Secondary symptoms will go away even w/otreatment; but the germs continue to spread throughoutbody. Latent Stage: (5-20 yrs.) no outward signs, but bacteriamay be invading inner organs including the heart andbrain.
Other Names: GC, The Clap, Drip Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex,oral sex, via hand moistened w/infected secretions & placed incontact w/ eyes Treatment: Cured w/ antibiotics(penicillin) Effects: Sterility; blindness; PID –Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; eyedamage in newborns (acquired frommother’s vagina during childbirth)
Genitals, anus, throat & eyes can be infected. Males: burning urination & pus discharge from penis;testicle pain Female: thick vaginal discharge; anal irritation;inflamed, reddened cervix Both: mucous discharge from anus; blood & pus in feces;sore throat; vomiting; fever; rash
Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, via handmoistened w/ infected secretions & placed in contactw/ mucous membranes Treatment: Curable w/ antibiotics (tetracycline) Effects: sterility; premature & still births; infantpneumonia & eye infections which can lead toblindness; infertility
Symptoms: Tend to developslowly & are often mild. Females: slight vaginaldischarge; itching & burningof vagina; painful intercourse;abdominal pain; fever in laterstages Males: discharge from penis;burning & itching at urethralopening; burning sensationduring urination
Other Names: herpes simplex virus type 2 Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex, skin-to-skin contact with infected areas Treatment: No cure; drugs available which lessen theeffects Effects: Can be fatal to infants; women w/ HSV mayhave a greater risk of developing cervical cancer
Symptoms: Type I is found above the waist & type II isbelow. Type I – cold sores or fever blisters on lips, face, & mouth Type II – painful blisters or sores on the genitals &rectum that break, crust over, & heal in 2-4 weeks
Symptoms: warty growths aroundgenital & anal area Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, oralsex, skin-to-skin contact w/ infectedareas Treatment: medication applied towarts, freezing or laser therapy, orsurgical removal Effects: discomfort; can grow to largesize & obstruct vagina, urethra, or anus;can be transmitted to infant duringbirth
Symptoms: nausea, fever, loss of appetite, dark “cola-colored” urine, abdominal pain, jaundice (yellow eyes& skin) Transmission: anal sex, vaginal sex, oral sex, shareddrug needles, biting, scratching Treatment: No cure; most persons recover within 6-8weeks. Bed rest & good nutrition; vaccine available forhigh risk people. Effects: severe illness, liver damage; death; prematurebirth or spontaneous abortion
Other Names: Crabs, cooties Symptoms: intense itching; freckle-like marks or nits(eggs) in pubic hair Transmission: body-to-body contact, uncleantoilets, infested bedding or clothing Treatment: cured w/ special creams, lotions, orshampoos that can be bought at a drugstore Effects: None.
Breaks down body’s immune system & lowers itsresistance to infection. Can you get AIDS from having your ears pierced? Can you get AIDS from mosquitos? Can you get AIDS from hold hands, sharing adrinking glass, or somebody’s sweat?
# of teens w/ HIV has more than doubled since 1989 AIDS is the 6th leading cause of death for people ages15-24 65% of all people with AIDS are in their 20’s, w/ thedisease probably contracted during their teens 37% of all teens diagnosed w/ AIDS are female ½ of all hemophiliacs have AIDS 8.2-10 years average incubation period 1,204 w/ AIDS in Indiana; 769 have died (1995)
Unprotected sexual intercourse w/ infected person Blood transfusions w/ contaminated blood or bloodproducts Sharing contaminated drug needles Prenatal transmission --- infected mother to her child If baby is infected, life expectancy is 24 months.
Swollen glands in neck, armpit, & groin Weight loss of 10 lbs. or more w/o dieting High fevers or night sweats Dry cough (not from smoking) Persistent diarrhea Unexplained fatigue White spots (thrush) in mouth or throat Unexplained blotches on skin All these symptoms tend to last a long time &gradually get worse.
HIV – human immunodeficiency virus; causes AIDS. Treatment No cure at the present time for AIDS No vaccines for prevention of AIDS Medications AZT & DDI help many infected people livelonger. AIDS test is $45 at most Hospitals
Not spread by dry kissing. (AIDS virus can be in saliva;but no documented cases of people who got AIDS bymouth-to-mouth kissing.) Not spread through casual contact. Not spread by sneezes, clothing, or bedding. Animals are not AIDS carriers. Condoms are not foolproof, but help.
The number of adults living alone is increasing in oursociety. Pregnancy can occur the first time sexual intercoursetakes place. Compared to older women, teenage mothers are twiceas likely to have low birth-weight babies or prematurebabies. In an adoption, the birthparents get to meet or knowthe adoptive parents. Once you have been cured of an STD, you can get itagain.
Abstinence is the only guaranteed effective means ofpreventing pregnancy and the most effective means ofavoiding STD’s. Today, most teenage girls who become pregnant do notmarry the person who fathered the child. Using a condom does not guarantee that sex will besafe. If an unmarried couple was living together and onedied, social security benefits would not be paid to thesurviving partner.
Lifestyles – A set of behaviors adopted by personchoice. Married couples who choose not to have children oftenview parenthood as a difficult and demanding task. In an agency adoption, a counselor works with thepregnant mother to help her with her problems andconcerns. An adoption in which the birthparents go through thelegal process of placing their baby directly with afamily they have selected is called an open orindependent adoption.