Chapter 7 decisions affecting your health and eating disorders
Decisions Affecting Your Health and Eating Disorders
Learn about nutritious foods that promote good health Understand the benefits of regular exercise Protect the health of exterior body parts Understand the causes of stress Identify places that promote health and wellness Make correct consumer choices related to health
Wellness is the state of physical, mental, and emotional health. Wellness is used to describe personal health. Personal health is not always about how prone one person can be to a sickness but rather personal healthy habits.
Yourpattern of living should include certain health practices. These include: • Eating the correct foods • Adopting an exercise program • Getting enough sleep • Protecting other aspects of your health • Managing stress effectively
MyPlate is a common tool to make sure you’re receiving the right amount of daily nutrition MyPlate is made up of foods groups. These food groups are known as grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, meat, and beans. The recommended daily intakes are determined by a person’s calories needs.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance in your blood. High cholesterol levels are associated with heart disease. Keep your total fat intake between 20 to 30 calories.
Many people suffer from eating disorders. Their obsession may result in malnutrition, serious illness, or even death.
People who suffer from anorexia nervosa have an intense fear of being obese, sometimes described as “fat phobia.” When these people suffer from this they are sickly thin and even when they get a pinch of skin they think that they are still obese.
Did you know that if shop mannequins were real women, they’d be too thin to menstruate? Marilyn Monroe wore a size 14. Today, models weigh 23% less than average women. 1 in 4 college women have an eating disorder. Models in magazines are airbrushed.
Poor Barbie, she may someday marry Ken, but chances are, they will never have children. Based on research done by Raider Programs, the percent of Barbie’s body fat would be so low, she would have ceased to menstruate – that is if she ever started. She has been grossly underweight since the beginning. If Barbie were a real person, she would be 6-7 Feet tall, weigh 100 lbs., and wear a size 4. Her measurements would be 39”/19”/33”. A four month- olds head measures 17 ½”. She would probably have had to have back surgery from being so top heavy. If Barbie were a real woman, she’d have to walk on all fours due to her proportions.
Bulimia is sometimes described as “desperate overeating” or the “binge purge syndrome”. People with bulimia go on food binges eating large amounts of high calorie foods in a short period of time. Then they feel guilty and purge themselves into vomiting or taking laxatives.
Compulsive Overeating • People suffering with Compulsive Overeating have what is characterized as an "addiction" to food, using food and eating as a way to hide from their emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives. Binge Eating Disorder • The sufferer periodically goes on large binges, consuming an unusually large quantity of food in a short period of time (less than 2 hours) uncontrollably, eating until they are uncomfortably full.
Pica is a medical disorder characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive (e.g. metal [coins, etc.], clay, coal, soil, feces, chalk, paper, soap, mucus, ash, gum, etc.) or an abnormal appetite for some things that may be considered foods, such as food ingredients (e.g. flour, raw potato, raw rice, starch, ice cubes, salt). In order for these actions to be considered pica, they must persist for more than one month at an age where eating such objects is considered developmentally inappropriate. is seen in all ages, particularly in pregnant women, small children, and those with developmental disabilities.
Refusal to eat or binge eating Excessive exercise Abnormal weight loss or a cycle of weight gains and losses Vomiting with no other signs of illness Secretive behavior Depression
Many people of all ages have a sedentary lifestyle (sitting much of the time) Regular exercise has a big impact on how you look and feel
Get a physical exam Exercises that improve both respiration and circulation Exercise should be done regularly Should consist of three parts: a warm-up period, a workout period, and a cool-down period.
Blood pooling is the accumulation of blood in the large muscles of the legs. It causes the heart and brain to be deprived of an adequate blood supply. This could result in fainting. To avoid blood pooling do not stop exercise abruptly.
Protecting your eyesight Protecting your hearing Taking care of your teeth Protecting your skin
Stress: is a state of bodily or mental tension resulting from change. Some stress is good, but too much can be harmful.
Death, serious injury, or loss of job can cause stress. Even positive changes like getting a promotion cause stress.
Exercise regularly Know your limits If you already have a lot of stress, avoid any other stressful events If you are doing too much slow down Avoid taking drugs Relax and take some time off
Trytaking deep breaths Progressive muscle relaxation Exercise
Community facilities Health education Health screening – testing for diseases Support groups Computer related resources provide meal planning, exercise and fitness programs, and weight – loss plans Government and nonprofit organizations
Support groups are normally made of people with a common concern. These groups offer emotional help to any who needs it. Support groups are often sponsored by medical or other communication groups and are led by knowledgeable professionals.