Chapter 17 dealing with crises

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  • 1. Dealing with CrisesDealing with CrisesChapter 17Chapter 17
  • 2. ObjectivesObjectives Identify resources and support systemsIdentify resources and support systemsthat can help people manage crises.that can help people manage crises. Describe strategies for the managementDescribe strategies for the managementof problems in crises.of problems in crises. List various types of family crises andList various types of family crises andexplain their effect on individuals andexplain their effect on individuals andfamilies.families.
  • 3. Identify Resources and supportIdentify Resources and supportsystems that can help peoplesystems that can help peoplemanage crises (resources)manage crises (resources) American Red Cross – provides servicesAmerican Red Cross – provides servicesto families in the communityto families in the community Battered Women’s Center – provides helpBattered Women’s Center – provides helpfor victims of family violencefor victims of family violence Big Brothers and Big Sisters – providesBig Brothers and Big Sisters – providesadult companionship for children fromadult companionship for children fromsingle parent familiessingle parent families Temporary Assistance for Needy FamiliesTemporary Assistance for Needy Families(TANF) – families with children in need of(TANF) – families with children in need ofassistanceassistance
  • 4. Identify Resources and supportIdentify Resources and supportsystems that can help peoplesystems that can help peoplemanage crises (resources) Cont.manage crises (resources) Cont. Children’s Protective Services – childrenChildren’s Protective Services – childrenwho are in need of protection due towho are in need of protection due toabuse, neglect, abandonment, or sexualabuse, neglect, abandonment, or sexualexploitation in their family environmentsexploitation in their family environments Family Counseling Center – individuals,Family Counseling Center – individuals,families, and groups needing counselingfamilies, and groups needing counseling YMCA – YWCA – the general publicYMCA – YWCA – the general public Federal Emergency Management AgencyFederal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) – Americans preparing for or(FEMA) – Americans preparing for orcoping with disasterscoping with disasters
  • 5. Describe strategies for theDescribe strategies for themanagement of problems in crisesmanagement of problems in crises Turn to mental resources for helpTurn to mental resources for help Try to keep good physical healthTry to keep good physical health Try to keep a good financial statusTry to keep a good financial status Manage a good family relationshipManage a good family relationship Have friends listen to your problems andHave friends listen to your problems andtalk to you about themtalk to you about them Go to a community resource for advice orGo to a community resource for advice orhealthhealth
  • 6. Various types of family crises andVarious types of family crises andtheir effects on individuals andtheir effects on individuals andfamiliesfamilies Loss of job – not enough money in theLoss of job – not enough money in thefamilyfamily Relocation – have to get to know otherRelocation – have to get to know otherpeoplepeople Addictions to alcohol and other drugs –Addictions to alcohol and other drugs –can tear a family apart because the onescan tear a family apart because the onesthat are addicted can be very demandingthat are addicted can be very demanding
  • 7. Various types of family crises andVarious types of family crises andtheir effects on individuals andtheir effects on individuals andfamiliesfamilies Compulsive Gambling – the gambler canCompulsive Gambling – the gambler canuse all the money and there won’t be anyuse all the money and there won’t be anyto fall back onto fall back on Suicide – tears family members upSuicide – tears family members upbecause sometimes they don’t know it’sbecause sometimes they don’t know it’scoming and others when they find out theycoming and others when they find out theyjust don’t understandjust don’t understand
  • 8. Terms to KnowTerms to Know Crisis – A crucial time or event that causesCrisis – A crucial time or event that causeschanges in a person’s life and has nochanges in a person’s life and has noready solutionready solution Shelters – Establishments that offer foodShelters – Establishments that offer foodand housing for people who have nowhereand housing for people who have nowhereelse to goelse to go Telephone Hotlines – Telephone numbersTelephone Hotlines – Telephone numbersthat people can call for immediate help inthat people can call for immediate help ina crisisa crisis
  • 9. More Terms to KnowMore Terms to Know Intervention – AIntervention – Ameans of forcing ameans of forcing aperson such as anperson such as analcoholic or addict toalcoholic or addict tolook at his or herlook at his or herbehavior without thebehavior without themask of denialmask of denial Enabler – SomeoneEnabler – Someonewho unknowinglywho unknowinglyacts in ways thatacts in ways thatcontribute to ancontribute to anaddict’s drug use.addict’s drug use.
  • 10. More Terms to KnowMore Terms to Know Codependency – Set ofCodependency – Set ofmaladaptive,maladaptive,compulsive behaviorscompulsive behaviorslearned by familylearned by familymembersmembers Compulsive Gambler –Compulsive Gambler –Someone who losesSomeone who losescontrol over gamblingcontrol over gamblingand continues to gambleand continues to gambledespite the harmfuldespite the harmfulconsequencesconsequences
  • 11. And More Terms to KnowAnd More Terms to Know Chasing – Attempting to win back whatChasing – Attempting to win back whatone has lost while gamblingone has lost while gambling Bailout – Money loaned by family orBailout – Money loaned by family orfriends to finance gambling debtsfriends to finance gambling debts Sexual Assault – Any form of unwantedSexual Assault – Any form of unwantedsexual behavior forced on one person bysexual behavior forced on one person byanotheranother
  • 12. Some More Terms to KnowSome More Terms to Know Violence – Any harmful physical contactViolence – Any harmful physical contactthat results in serious injury or deaththat results in serious injury or death Domestic Violence – Violence betweenDomestic Violence – Violence betweenintimate friends of family members,intimate friends of family members,including spouses, children, or eldersincluding spouses, children, or elders Child Abuse and Neglect – physical andChild Abuse and Neglect – physical andmental injury, sexual abuse, negligentmental injury, sexual abuse, negligenttreatment, or maltreatment of a childtreatment, or maltreatment of a childunder the age of 18 by a person who isunder the age of 18 by a person who isresponsible for the child’s welfareresponsible for the child’s welfare
  • 13. Even More Terms to KnowEven More Terms to Know Physical Abuse – The infliction of physicalPhysical Abuse – The infliction of physicalinjury upon a personinjury upon a person Physical Neglect – The failure to providePhysical Neglect – The failure to providesufficient food, clothing, shelter, medicalsufficient food, clothing, shelter, medicalcare, education, guidance, andcare, education, guidance, andsupervision for a childsupervision for a child Sexual Abuse – Forcing a child to engageSexual Abuse – Forcing a child to engagein sexual activitiesin sexual activities Incest – Sexual activity between personsIncest – Sexual activity between personswho are closely relatedwho are closely related
  • 14. ……And The Last Terms to KnowAnd The Last Terms to Know Emotional Abuse – Parents continually makingEmotional Abuse – Parents continually makingdemands that their children are not capable ofdemands that their children are not capable ofmeeting, then criticizing and humiliating themeeting, then criticizing and humiliating thechildren for not living up to their demandschildren for not living up to their demands Emotional Neglect – The failure to provideEmotional Neglect – The failure to providechildren with love and affectionchildren with love and affection Halfway Houses – Centers where runaways canHalfway Houses – Centers where runaways canreceive care as well as counselingreceive care as well as counseling Preparedness – Being ready for crisis that couldPreparedness – Being ready for crisis that couldoccuroccur
  • 15. 3 Elements that help determine3 Elements that help determinewhether a situation is overwhelmingwhether a situation is overwhelming Hardship – highHardship – highhardship, more likely tohardship, more likely tobe crisisbe crisis Resources – noResources – noresources- problemresources- problembecomes a crisisbecomes a crisis Attitude – lack of selfAttitude – lack of selfconfidence can lead toconfidence can lead toattitude when thingsattitude when thingsseem to be a crisisseem to be a crisisquicker.quicker.
  • 16. Community and National CrisesCommunity and National Crises The U.S. experienced a national tragedy.The U.S. experienced a national tragedy.9/11/019/11/01Pearl HarborPearl HarborApollo 13Apollo 13JFK AssassinationJFK Assassination Other Crises includeOther Crises includeFloodsFloodsFiresFiresHurricanesHurricanesTornadosTornados
  • 17. Causes of CrisisCauses of Crisis National disaster (outside events)National disaster (outside events) Family related – loss through death orFamily related – loss through death orseparationseparation Family related – unexpected addition toFamily related – unexpected addition tofamilyfamily Loss of family unit – nonsupport, abuse,Loss of family unit – nonsupport, abuse,addictaddict Delinquency – events that bringDelinquency – events that bringdisagreementdisagreement
  • 18. Reacting to CrisisReacting to Crisis Impact – shock, numbness, fear, feelingsImpact – shock, numbness, fear, feelingsof helplessnessof helplessness Withdrawal and confusion – people pullWithdrawal and confusion – people pullback, act emotionally cold and withdrawnback, act emotionally cold and withdrawn Focus – ready to focus on reality, askFocus – ready to focus on reality, askwhat needs to be done, regain somewhat needs to be done, regain somesense of control over emotions and cansense of control over emotions and cansee crisis more clearlysee crisis more clearly Adaptation – final stage, actually dealingAdaptation – final stage, actually dealingwith crisis, make changes that arewith crisis, make changes that arepractical and appropriatepractical and appropriate
  • 19. How would you cope with crises?How would you cope with crises? SituationSituationGreg was in a diving accident and becameGreg was in a diving accident and becameparalyzedparalyzed Reactions:Reactions:The family built a ramp onto the house toThe family built a ramp onto the house toaccommodate Greg’s wheelchair. They turnedaccommodate Greg’s wheelchair. They turnedthe family room downstairs into a bedroom tothe family room downstairs into a bedroom toreplace Greg’s upstairs room. Adapting letreplace Greg’s upstairs room. Adapting letGreg and his family get on with their lives.Greg and his family get on with their lives.
  • 20. Types of AbuseTypes of Abuse Sexual assaultSexual assault Spouse or partner abuseSpouse or partner abuse Legal action and domestic abuseLegal action and domestic abuse Elder abuseElder abuse Child AbuseChild Abuse Family abuseFamily abuse
  • 21. Criminal Attacks and Safety TipsCriminal Attacks and Safety Tips In your home – Keep doors and windowsIn your home – Keep doors and windowslocked, make people identify themselves,locked, make people identify themselves,never leave notes on your door.never leave notes on your door. In your car – keep your car full of gas,In your car – keep your car full of gas,carry a cell phone, if you sense a followercarry a cell phone, if you sense a followerdrive to the police station.drive to the police station.
  • 22. Compulsive GamblingCompulsive Gambling 4 Stages of Gambling4 Stages of GamblingWinningWinningLosingLosingDesperationDesperationHopelessnessHopelessness
  • 23. Missing and Runaway ChildrenMissing and Runaway Children More than 1.5 millionMore than 1.5 millionchildren go missingchildren go missingeach year.each year. Concerns include:Concerns include: Child molestersChild molesters InternetInternet Personal info given outPersonal info given out Halfway houses areHalfway houses areplaces whereplaces whererunaway teens getrunaway teens gethelp.help. Why teens run:Why teens run: CurfewsCurfews Drug useDrug use Divorce/remarriageDivorce/remarriage Choice of friendsChoice of friends
  • 24. InterventionIntervention Taking Direct Action to Cause ChangeTaking Direct Action to Cause ChangeWhen Someone Else is In CrisisWhen Someone Else is In Crisis
  • 25. Crisis that People FaceCrisis that People Face Physical heathPhysical heathproblemsproblems Effects on family lifeEffects on family life Financial effectsFinancial effects Emotional effectsEmotional effectsFeelings of anger orFeelings of anger orresentmentresentment
  • 26. What to DoWhat to Do Empathy – touch, hugEmpathy – touch, hug Offer to takeOffer to takeresponsibilityresponsibility Explanations forExplanations forchildrenchildren Knowledge for teensKnowledge for teensand adults about theand adults about thedisease, opennessdisease, openness
  • 27. Mental Heath ProblemsMental Heath Problems Does the person function normally on aDoes the person function normally on adaily basis?daily basis? Do the person’s actions routinely hurt orDo the person’s actions routinely hurt ortrouble others?trouble others?If the answer is “no” to the 1If the answer is “no” to the 1ststquestion andquestion and“yes” to the 2“yes” to the 2ndnd, a real problem exists., a real problem exists.Someone with a mental condition needsSomeone with a mental condition needsprofessional help.professional help.
  • 28. SuicideSuicide One of the leading causes in teen death.One of the leading causes in teen death. Reasons include:Reasons include:Love conflictsLove conflictsLife is not worth livingLife is not worth living Patterns for suicide:Patterns for suicide:ImpulseImpulseTelling people life isn’t worth itTelling people life isn’t worth itPeople suffering from illnessPeople suffering from illnessExtreme depressionExtreme depression
  • 29. Alcohol and Drug AddictionsAlcohol and Drug Addictions Dependence on a particular substance orDependence on a particular substance oractionaction May be compulsive behaviorMay be compulsive behavior Drugs are a chemical substanceDrugs are a chemical substance Few forces are as destructive toFew forces are as destructive toindividuals and familiesindividuals and families
  • 30. AlcoholismAlcoholism It is an addiction to alcohol.It is an addiction to alcohol. Some signs include: drinking by oneself,Some signs include: drinking by oneself,drink more over time, leads to blackouts,drink more over time, leads to blackouts,may cause them to miss obligationsmay cause them to miss obligations Children often feel abandoned andChildren often feel abandoned andscared.scared. Alcoholism is often cited as a cause forAlcoholism is often cited as a cause forfamily breakup and divorce.family breakup and divorce.
  • 31.  Alcoholism is aAlcoholism is achronic diseasechronic diseasecharacterized by thecharacterized by theinability of theinability of theperson to controlperson to controlhis/her drinking,his/her drinking,craving for a drinkcraving for a drinkand dependence onand dependence onalcohol to feelalcohol to feel“normal.”“normal.”
  • 32.  Alcoholism is a family disease, because itAlcoholism is a family disease, because itimpacts the entire family, not just theimpacts the entire family, not just thealcoholic.alcoholic. Alcoholism is a community disease, becauseAlcoholism is a community disease, becausealcoholics are more likely to lose productivityalcoholics are more likely to lose productivityat work, get into automobile accidents,at work, get into automobile accidents,require emergency health care and haverequire emergency health care and havelegal entanglements.legal entanglements.
  • 33.  Alcoholism is aAlcoholism is acontributing factor tocontributing factor tosuicide in manysuicide in manycases.cases. Alcohol is a leadingAlcohol is a leadingcause of birthcause of birthdefects.defects.
  • 34.  Many activities haveMany activities haveages of initiation.ages of initiation. A person must waitA person must waituntil age 16 to startuntil age 16 to startdriving, age 18 todriving, age 18 tomarry without parentalmarry without parentalconsent, age 35 toconsent, age 35 tobecome president, andbecome president, andso on.so on. The age limit for alcoholThe age limit for alcoholis based on researchis based on researchwhich shows that youngwhich shows that youngpeople react differentlypeople react differentlyto alcohol.to alcohol. Teens get drunk twiceTeens get drunk twiceas fast as adults, butas fast as adults, buthave more troublehave more troubleknowing when to stop.knowing when to stop. Teens naturally overdoTeens naturally overdoit and binge more oftenit and binge more oftenthan adults.than adults.
  • 35.  Enforcing the legalEnforcing the legaldrinking age of 21drinking age of 21reduces trafficreduces trafficcrashes, protectscrashes, protectsyoung people’syoung people’smaturing brains,maturing brains, andandkeeps young peoplekeeps young peoplesafer overall.safer overall.
  • 36.  History says no.History says no. When states had lowerWhen states had lowerlegal drinking ages inlegal drinking ages inthe U.S., the underagethe U.S., the underagedrinking problem wasdrinking problem wasworseworse For example, before theFor example, before the21 minimum legal21 minimum legaldrinking age wasdrinking age wasimplemented by allimplemented by allstates, underage drunkstates, underage drunkdrivers were involved indrivers were involved inover twice as many fatalover twice as many fataltraffic crashes as today.traffic crashes as today.
  • 37.  That’s a myth.That’s a myth. European countriesEuropean countrieshave worse problemshave worse problemsthan America does, asthan America does, asfar as binge drinkingfar as binge drinkingand drinking toand drinking tointoxication.intoxication. Studies show thatStudies show thatEurope has moreEurope has moreunderage drunkenness,underage drunkenness,injury, rape, and schoolinjury, rape, and schoolproblems due toproblems due toalcohol.alcohol. Since alcohol is moreSince alcohol is moreavailable there, itavailable there, itactually increases theactually increases theproportion of kids whoproportion of kids whodrink in Europe.drink in Europe.
  • 38.  In 2006 there wereIn 2006 there were17,941 driving fatalities17,941 driving fatalitiesrelated to alcohol. Thisrelated to alcohol. Thiswas 41 percent of thewas 41 percent of thetotal 43,000 fatalities.total 43,000 fatalities. Half of all holidayHalf of all holidaydriving fatalities aredriving fatalities arealcohol-related.alcohol-related. Most people with DUIsMost people with DUIsare not alcoholics.are not alcoholics. About 80 percent ofAbout 80 percent ofalcohol-related fatalitiesalcohol-related fatalitiesare caused by beerare caused by beerconsumption.consumption. 18-20 year olds are18-20 year olds areresponsible for moreresponsible for morethan 10 percent of thethan 10 percent of thedrunken driving trips indrunken driving trips inAmerica.America.
  • 39.  In addition to possibleIn addition to possiblejail time and fines, ajail time and fines, aDUI conviction isDUI conviction iscause to have yourcause to have yourinsurance policyinsurance policyrevoked and rates torevoked and rates tosky rocket. Manysky rocket. Manypeople will be forced topeople will be forced toget SR-22 insurance.get SR-22 insurance. In 2003 about 1 in 135In 2003 about 1 in 135drivers were arresteddrivers were arrestedfor DUI. Thats aboutfor DUI. Thats about1.4 million people.1.4 million people. About 30 percent ofAbout 30 percent ofAmericans are involvedAmericans are involvedin an alcohol-relatedin an alcohol-relatedcrash sometime duringcrash sometime duringtheir lifetimetheir lifetime
  • 40. Other Drug AddictionsOther Drug Addictions Medical and IllegalMedical and IllegalDrugsDrugsDistort thoughtDistort thoughtprocess andprocess andemotions, seriouslyemotions, seriouslydamage organs,damage organs,neglectneglectresponsibilities,responsibilities,unpredictabilityunpredictabilityIntervention is criticalIntervention is criticalSuggestions to helpSuggestions to helpwith addictionswith addictions
  • 41. Drug Addiction FactsDrug Addiction Facts The number of people who died as aThe number of people who died as aresult of a cocaine overdose was 699 inresult of a cocaine overdose was 699 in2004. In 1992 that number was 223.2004. In 1992 that number was 223. Between the years 2001 and 2005, theBetween the years 2001 and 2005, thenumber of Americans between the age ofnumber of Americans between the age of50 and 59 who were using illegal drugs50 and 59 who were using illegal drugsrose from 2.5 percent to 4.7 percent.rose from 2.5 percent to 4.7 percent.
  • 42. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.Drug Addiction Facts Cont. Over six million children in America live with atOver six million children in America live with atleast one parent who has a drug addiction.least one parent who has a drug addiction. Since 1980, the number of deaths related toSince 1980, the number of deaths related todrug overdoses has risen over 540 percent.drug overdoses has risen over 540 percent. The most commonly abused drug (other thanThe most commonly abused drug (other thanalcohol) in the United States by individuals overalcohol) in the United States by individuals overthe age of 12 is Marijuana, followed bythe age of 12 is Marijuana, followed byprescription painkillers, cocaine andprescription painkillers, cocaine andhallucinogens.hallucinogens.
  • 43. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.Drug Addiction Facts Cont. Each year, drug abuse and drug addiction costEach year, drug abuse and drug addiction costemployers over 122 billion dollar in lostemployers over 122 billion dollar in lostproductivity time and another 15 billion dollars inproductivity time and another 15 billion dollars inhealth insurance costs.health insurance costs. Baltimore, Maryland has more per capitaBaltimore, Maryland has more per capitaindividuals living withindividuals living with heroin addictionheroin addiction than anythan anyother state in the U.S.other state in the U.S. Since 1990, the number of individuals who takeSince 1990, the number of individuals who takeprescription drugs illegally is believed to haveprescription drugs illegally is believed to haverisen by over 500 percent.risen by over 500 percent.
  • 44. The End!The End!