Chapter 13 dealing with crises
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Chapter 13 dealing with crises Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Dealing with Crises Chapter 13
  • 2. Objectives  Identify resources and support systems that can help people manage crises.  Describe strategies for the management of problems in crises.  List various types of family crises and explain their effect on individuals and families.
  • 3. Identify Resources and support systems that can help people manage crises (resources)  American Red Cross – provides services to families in the community  Battered Women’s Center – provides help for victims of family violence  Big Brothers and Big Sisters – provides adult companionship for children from single parent families  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) – families with children in need of assistance
  • 4. Identify Resources and support systems that can help people manage crises (resources) Cont.  Children’s Protective Services – children who are in need of protection due to abuse, neglect, abandonment, or sexual exploitation in their family environments  Family Counseling Center – individuals, families, and groups needing counseling  YMCA – YWCA – the general public  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) – Americans preparing for or coping with disasters
  • 5. Describe strategies for the management of problems in crises  Turn to mental resources for help  Try to keep good physical health  Try to keep a good financial status  Manage a good family relationship  Have friends listen to your problems and talk to you about them  Go to a community resource for advice or health
  • 6. Various types of family crises and their effects on individuals and families  Loss of job – not enough money in the family  Relocation – have to get to know other people  Addictions to alcohol and other drugs – can tear a family apart because the ones that are addicted can be very demanding
  • 7. Various types of family crises and their effects on individuals and families  Compulsive Gambling – the gambler can use all the money and there won’t be any to fall back on  Suicide – tears family members up because sometimes they don’t know it’s coming and others when they find out they just don’t understand
  • 8. Terms to Know  Crisis – A crucial time or event that causes changes in a person’s life and has no ready solution  Shelters – Establishments that offer food and housing for people who have nowhere else to go  Telephone Hotlines – Telephone numbers that people can call for immediate help in a crisis
  • 9. More Terms to Know  Intervention –A means of forcing a person such as an alcoholic or addict to look at his or her behavior without the mask of denial  Enabler – Someone who unknowingly acts in ways that contribute to an addict’s drug use.
  • 10. More Terms to Know  Codependency – Set of maladaptive, compulsive behaviors learned by family members  Compulsive Gambler – Someone who loses control over gambling and continues to gamble despite the harmful consequences
  • 11. And More Terms to Know  Chasing – Attempting to win back what one has lost while gambling  Bailout – Money loaned by family or friends to finance gambling debts  Sexual Assault – Any form of unwanted sexual behavior forced on one person by another
  • 12. Some More Terms to Know  Violence – Any harmful physical contact that results in serious injury or death  Domestic Violence – Violence between intimate friends of family members, including spouses, children, or elders  Child Abuse and Neglect – physical and mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare
  • 13. Even More Terms to Know  Physical Abuse – The infliction of physical injury upon a person  Physical Neglect – The failure to provide sufficient food, clothing, shelter, medical care, education, guidance, and supervision for a child  Sexual Abuse – Forcing a child to engage in sexual activities  Incest – Sexual activity between persons who are closely related
  • 14. …And The Last Terms to Know  Emotional Abuse – Parents continually making demands that their children are not capable of meeting, then criticizing and humiliating the children for not living up to their demands  Emotional Neglect – The failure to provide children with love and affection  Halfway Houses – Centers where runaways can receive care as well as counseling  Preparedness – Being ready for crisis that could occur
  • 15. 3 Elements that help determine whether a situation is overwhelming  Hardship – high hardship, more likely to be crisis  Resources – no resources- problem becomes a crisis  Attitude – lack of self confidence can lead to attitude when things seem to be a crisis quicker.
  • 16. Community and National Crises  The U.S. experienced a national tragedy.  9/11/01  Pearl Harbor  Apollo 13  JFK Assassination  Other Crises include  Floods  Fires  Hurricanes  Tornados
  • 17. Causes of Crisis  National disaster (outside events)  Family related – loss through death or separation  Family related – unexpected addition to family  Loss of family unit – nonsupport, abuse, addict  Delinquency – events that bring disagreement
  • 18. Reacting to Crisis  Impact – shock, numbness, fear, feelings of helplessness  Withdrawal and confusion – people pull back, act emotionally cold and withdrawn  Focus – ready to focus on reality, ask what needs to be done, regain some sense of control over emotions and can see crisis more clearly  Adaptation – final stage, actually dealing with crisis, make changes that are practical and appropriate
  • 19. How would you cope with crises?  Situation  Greg was in a diving accident and became paralyzed  Reactions:  The family built a ramp onto the house to accommodate Greg’s wheelchair. They turned the family room downstairs into a bedroom to replace Greg’s upstairs room. Adapting let Greg and his family get on with their lives.
  • 20. Types of Abuse  Sexual assault  Spouse or partner abuse  Legal action and domestic abuse  Elder abuse  Child Abuse  Family abuse
  • 21. Criminal Attacks and Safety Tips  In your home – Keep doors and windows locked, make people identify themselves, never leave notes on your door.  In your car – keep your car full of gas, carry a cell phone, if you sense a follower drive to the police station.
  • 22. Compulsive Gambling 4 Stages of Gambling  Winning  Losing  Desperation  Hopelessness
  • 23. Missing and Runaway Children  More than 1.5 million children go missing each year.  Concerns include:  Child molesters  Internet  Personal info given out  Halfway houses are places where runaway teens get help.  Why teens run:  Curfews  Drug use  Divorce/remarriage  Choice of friends
  • 24. Intervention  Taking Direct Action to Cause Change When Someone Else is In Crisis
  • 25. Crisis that People Face  Physical heath problems  Effects on family life  Financial effects  Emotional effects  Feelings of anger or resentment
  • 26. What to Do  Empathy – touch, hug  Offer to take responsibility  Explanations for children  Knowledge for teens and adults about the disease, openness
  • 27. Mental Heath Problems  Does the person function normally on a daily basis?  Do the person’s actions routinely hurt or trouble others?  If the answer is “no” to the 1st question and “yes” to the 2nd, a real problem exists.  Someone with a mental condition needs professional help.
  • 28. Suicide  One of the leading causes in teen death.  Reasons include:  Love conflicts  Life is not worth living  Patterns for suicide:  Impulse  Telling people life isn’t worth it  People suffering from illness  Extreme depression
  • 29. Alcohol and Drug Addictions  Dependence on a particular substance or action  May be compulsive behavior  Drugs are a chemical substance  Few forces are as destructive to individuals and families
  • 30. Alcoholism  It is an addiction to alcohol.  Some signs include: drinking by oneself, drink more over time, leads to blackouts, may cause them to miss obligations  Children often feel abandoned and scared.  Alcoholism is often cited as a cause for family breakup and divorce.
  • 31.  Alcoholism is a chronic disease characterized by the inability of the person to control his/her drinking, craving for a drink and dependence on alcohol to feel “normal.”
  • 32.  Alcoholism is a family disease, because it impacts the entire family, not just the alcoholic.  Alcoholism is a community disease, because alcoholics are more likely to lose productivity at work, get into automobile accidents, require emergency health care and have legal entanglements.
  • 33.  Alcoholism is a contributing factor to suicide in many cases.  Alcohol is a leading cause of birth defects.
  • 34.  Many activities have ages of initiation.  A person must wait until age 16 to start driving, age 18 to marry without parental consent, age 35 to become president, and so on.  The age limit for alcohol is based on research which shows that young people react differently to alcohol.  Teens get drunk twice as fast as adults, but have more trouble knowing when to stop.  Teens naturally overdo it and binge more often than adults.
  • 35.  Enforcing the legal drinking age of 21 reduces traffic crashes, protects young people’s maturing brains, and keeps young people safer overall.
  • 36.  History says no.  When states had lower legal drinking ages in the U.S., the underage drinking problem was worse  For example, before the 21 minimum legal drinking age was implemented by all states, underage drunk drivers were involved in over twice as many fatal traffic crashes as today.
  • 37.  That’s a myth.  European countries have worse problems than America does, as far as binge drinking and drinking to intoxication.  Studies show that Europe has more underage drunkenness, injury, rape, and school problems due to alcohol.  Since alcohol is more available there, it actually increases the proportion of kids who drink in Europe.
  • 38.  In 2006 there were 17,941 driving fatalities related to alcohol. This was 41 percent of the total 43,000 fatalities.  Half of all holiday driving fatalities are alcohol-related.  Most people with DUIs are not alcoholics.  About 80 percent of alcohol-related fatalities are caused by beer consumption.  18-20 year olds are responsible for more than 10 percent of the drunken driving trips in America.
  • 39.  In addition to possible jail time and fines, a DUI conviction is cause to have your insurance policy revoked and rates to sky rocket. Many people will be forced to get SR-22 insurance.  In 2003 about 1 in 135 drivers were arrested for DUI. Thats' about 1.4 million people.  About 30 percent of Americans are involved in an alcohol-related crash sometime during their lifetime
  • 40. Other Drug Addictions  Medical Drugs  Distort and Illegal thought process and emotions, seriously damage organs, neglect responsibilities, unpredictability  Intervention is critical  Suggestions to help with addictions
  • 41. Drug Addiction Facts  The number of people who died as a result of a cocaine overdose was 699 in 2004. In 1992 that number was 223.  Between the years 2001 and 2005, the number of Americans between the age of 50 and 59 who were using illegal drugs rose from 2.5 percent to 4.7 percent.
  • 42. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.  Over six million children in America live with at least one parent who has a drug addiction.  Since 1980, the number of deaths related to drug overdoses has risen over 540 percent.  The most commonly abused drug (other than alcohol) in the United States by individuals over the age of 12 is Marijuana, followed by prescription painkillers, cocaine and hallucinogens.
  • 43. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.  Each year, drug abuse and drug addiction cost employers over 122 billion dollar in lost productivity time and another 15 billion dollars in health insurance costs.  Baltimore, Maryland has more per capita individuals living with heroin addiction than any other state in the U.S.  Since 1990, the number of individuals who take prescription drugs illegally is believed to have risen by over 500 percent.
  • 44. The End!