Maintaining the health of your barn

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It is very important when boarding several animals together to make sure one illness doesn't spread. Here is a slide show about keeping horses healthy. Diana Stolba, http://lbemc.com, Loomis, California.

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Maintaining the health of your barn

  1. 1. Maintaining the health of your barn Diana Stolba DVM May 18,2014
  2. 2. Goals of todays talk • Learn about steps necessary to protect your horse at a boarding facility no matter the size • How preventative health care and having one veterinarian overseeing the barn can keep your horse healthier • Decrease the risk of an outbreak at your barn • Stay awake 
  3. 3. Barn size…. Does it matter?
  4. 4. Before you move your horse • Acquire vaccine records from your veterinarian or make sure your horse is really “up to date” • Ask about quarantine • Is your horse up to the move? • Discuss requirements of moving with barn manager
  5. 5. Common Requirements • Deworming • Bloodwork (Complete blood panel) • Nasal swabs • Health certificate/ coggins ( equine infectious anemia) • Proof of ownership or registration papers • Vaccines
  6. 6. Arriving to a new place….. • Have everything organized before you load your horse • Allow time to have your horse settle and adjust to new environment
  7. 7. Quarantine Some boarding facilities have quarantine for new horses ranging from 14-28 days Requirements include: • Confinement to a paddock/stall away from general population • Limited/ no access to communal areas ( cross ties, round pen, arena) • Monitoring temperature twice daily
  8. 8. Biosecurity • Reasons to consider quarantine • Contagious/ infectious diseases • Safety of introducing new horses to a herd • Minimizing the chances of an outbreak
  9. 9. Monitoring temperature • Often the best method of detecting early disease • Rectal thermometer, digital is fastest and more accurate • Fever is defined as • >101 degrees • 1.5 degrees above that horses normal temperature
  10. 10. Infectious/contagious diseases to watch for • Respiratory diseases • Equine herpes virus (EHV-4, EHV-1) • Equine influenza • Strangles • Neurologic conditions • Equine herpes virus (EHV-1) • Rabies • Diarrhea • Salmonella • Clostridium • Vesicular diseases • Vesicular stomatitis • Other • Corona Virus
  11. 11. Respiratory Disease Equine Herpes/ Influenza • Viral • Transmission- direct/ aerosol up to 50 yards • Clinical signs • Fever, cough, Nasal discharge, limb edema, conjunctivitis • Incubation period • 24hrs to 21 days • Shedding up to 10 days Strangles • Bacterial • Transmission- indirect/ fomites • Clinical signs • Fever, cough, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, swelling under jaw • Incubation period • 3-14 days • Shedding up to 6 weeks or longer in silent shedders
  12. 12. Contagious/ Infectious disease Neurologic Diseases • Equine Herpes ( Rhino/ EHV-1) • Rabies • Viral • Ataxia, fever, dog sitting • Incubation 6-10 days, Up to 6 months Diarrhea • Salmonella • Clostridium • Bacterial • Soft/watery manure, +/- fever • 12hr incubation can shed up to 30 days
  13. 13. Don’t try this at home
  14. 14. Coronavirus • Hot off the press • Equine corona virus ( ECV) is historically a cause of foal diarrhea in foals < 2 weeks of age • In the past year several cases and outbreaks in adult horses at racing facilities/ boarding facilities in California and Idaho • Clinical signs range include fever, lethargy, inappetance, difficulty walking, head pressing and neurologic signs and diarrhea (non-specific) • Increased Ammonia levels produced by the gut flora is suspected to cause neurologic signs • Shedding 2-11 days, confirmed but recent case of animals becoming sick after 14 days • Manure can be tested for he virus
  15. 15. Vaccinations • Core vaccines • 3-way (tetanus, eastern and western sleeping sickness) • West Nile Virus • Rabies • Optional vaccines • Strangles • Influenza • Rhino pneumonitis( herpes)
  16. 16. Vaccine Clinics Discount for multiple horses Immunization Guarantee
  17. 17. Deworming Rotational Deworming • Rotating between different anthelminthic every 2-3 months • Alternate Adult Schedule (every 3 months) • January: Pyrantel pamoate • April: Fenbendazole (Pancur Power Pak) • July: Ivermectin • October: Ivermectin/praziquantel Strategic Deworming • Collecting a fecal sample and submitting for a fecal egg count • Strategically deworming each horse as an individual • Low Shedder (< 200EPG) • Medium shedder (200-500 EPG) • High Shedder (>500EPG)
  18. 18. Lab work • Coggins blood test ( required for movement of a horse out of state) • Equine Infectious Anemia Virus • Fever, Anemia, thrombocytopenia • CBC Complete blood count • Comprehensive assessment of red blood cell count, white blood cell count • Most contagious diseases will have indications on bloodwork • Nasal Swab • PCR allows results often within 24 hours • Test for Rhino/Herpes, Influenza or Strangles • Manure Sample • PCR testing and snap tests for most contagious GI pathogens
  19. 19. LBEMC Health care program What are the benefits to this Program? • No emergency fees for after-hour appointments ($95-$135 savings per visit) • $5,000 credit towards surgical treatment of colic performed at Loomis Basin Equine Medical Center • Additional discounts on specified medication purchases (i.e. Adequan, Gastrogard, Legend) • Additional discounts on specific elective surgeries What are the requirements for enrollment? • One scheduled veterinary appointment per year to include: • Routine physical exam – $80 • Routine teeth float (exceptions for younger horses) – $240 or sedated oral exam • Annual required vaccinations (possible exceptions): a. 3-Way w/ West Nile – $43 • Deworming: Recommend Fecal egg count yearly (Spring and Fall) – $26 per fecal
  20. 20. Precautions for taking your horse off the property • Clean/ disinfect any stall, water buckets, feeders before moving them in • Monitor your own horses temperature daily • Make sure all vaccines are up to date • Do not use public water troughs ( bring your own water)
  21. 21. Feed • Good quality forage hay ( oat, alfalfa, three grain, meadow, orchard, teff) • Adequate supply for the number of horses • Observe flakes/bales for sun damage, water damage, mold, toxic weeds • If traveling bringing our own is best.
  22. 22. Disinfectants • What is a fomite? • Any object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms ( i.e. Brushes, wheel barrows, shoes, humans, feed buckets, water troughs… etc.) • Viruses can live for several weeks and some bacteria several years • Disinfectants- bleach, betadine, chlorohexadine, hydrogen peroxide based cleaners, alcohols. ( most inactivated by organic debris) • Water troughs/ feeders • Have a cleaning day at your barn 
  23. 23. Fly control • Flies are a fomite • Traps • Predators • Spray systems • Manure control is essential
  24. 24. Fencing/ Housing • Regular fence/ stall inspection • Type of fencing, is it safe for horses • Look for loose boards, rusty nails etc.
  25. 25. Involve Your Friendly Veterinarian • Having regular visits allows the vet to develop a relationship with your horse when it is healthy • Allow us to customize vaccine and deworming schedules for your barn • Healthy horses = More Ride time
  26. 26. Outbreaks are devastating to everyone • Economic loss • Emotional loss/ stress • Business reputation • Life threatening to horses
  27. 27. Questions????

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