Celebrating Black History Month                                               Jesse the son of a sharecropper and grandson...
Celebrating Black History Month                                                  Jackie Robinson was born Jack Roosevelt R...
Celebrating Black History Month               Vernon Baker, a military hero, was awarded the               Congressional M...
Celebrating Black History Month                                                                   Rosa Louise McCauley Par...
Celebrating Black History Month                Louis Armstrong was born August 4, 1901, New                Orleans,Louis A...
Celebrating Black History Month                   Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17,                   1919 – February 15, 1...
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Black History Month February 2011

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Black History Month February 2011

  1. 1. Celebrating Black History Month Jesse the son of a sharecropper and grandson of Jesse Owens,Owens, the son of a sharecropper and grandson of a slave, was a slave, wasas James Cleveland Owens in Alabama in 1913. Jesse, a legendary born born as James Cleveland Owens in Alabama in 1913. Jesse, a legendary American track- American track-and-field athlete, set three world records and tied a fourth, and-field athlete, set three worldminutes on May 25, 1935. In 1936; he became an all in a span of about 45 records and tied a fourth,international of about 45 minutes on May 25, all in a span hero during the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin during Hitler’s 1935. In 1936; he became was just 22 at the time. His four Olympic victories were chancellorship. He an international hero during the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin during Hitlers a blow to Adolf Hitler’s intention to use the Games to demonstrate Aryan su- chancellorship, he was just 22 at the time. His four periority. One popular tale that arose from Owens’s victories was that of the Olympic victories were a blow to Adolf Hitlers “snub,” the notion that Hitler refused to shake hands with Owens because intention to use the Games to demonstrate Aryan he was an African American. He retained his 100M world record for 20 superiority. One popular tale that arose from Owenss years and his long jump world record for 25 years. In 1976, Owens received victories was that of the “snub,” the notion that Hitler the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 1990 he was posthumously refused to shake hands with Owens because he was an awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. African American. He retained his 100-m world record for 20 years and his long jump world record for 25years. In 1976, Owens received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 1990 he wasposthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. Henry Armstrong was born Henry Melody Jackson on December 12, 1912 in Columbus, Henry Armstrong,was born was Homicide Mississippi. Henry’s nickname Henry Melody Jackson on December 12, Hank. He Columbus, Mississippi.boxing career in 1912 in began his professional Henry’s nickname was Homicide Hank. He 1931, and soon became known as a strong 1931, and soon became known as began his professional boxing career in and tireless puncher. Armstrong won three world titles: the strong and tirelesswelterweight and the won three world titles: the feath- a featherweight, the puncher. Armstrong lightweight the welterweight andthreelightweight crown. Thus he held three erweight, crown. Thus he held the titles simultaneously; which prompted the NationalNational Boxing Association to titles simultaneously; which prompted the Boxing Association to rule that a championifmust rule that a champion must vacate a title he wins another. In his career, vacate a title won 144 matches, In his career, Armstrong if he wins another. scored 97 knockouts, and lost 19 fights. After Armstrong won 144 matches, scored 97 knockouts, retiring from boxing, Armstrong became an ordained Baptist minister, work- and lost 19 fights. After retiring from boxing, ing with disadvantaged youth. He was inducted into the Ring Boxing Hall of Armstrong became an ordained Baptist minister, workingin 1954 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990. Fame with disadvantaged youth. He was inducted into the Ring Boxing Hall of Fame in 1954 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups
  2. 2. Celebrating Black History Month Jackie Robinson was born Jack Roosevelt Robinson on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Break- Jackie Robinson was born Jack Roosevelt Robinson on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Breaking the color ing the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play in baseball’s Major barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African- Leagues in the 20th century. He endured mistreatment from fellow ball players, and baseball fans with American to play in baseballs Major Leagues in the 20th century. He endured mistreatment from fellow ball quiet dignity and paved the way for the integration of America’s favorite past time. He played with the players, and baseball fans with quiet dignity and paved Brooklyn Dodgers, earning the honor of Rookie of the Year in 1947, most Valuable Player in 1949 and the way for the integration of Americas favorite past time. He played with the Brooklyn Dodgers earning the winning the World Series Championship with the Dodgers in 1955. Jackie was the first African-Ameri- honor of Rookie of the Year in 1947; most Valuable can to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; the first Major League baseball player to be honored Player in 1949 and winning the World Series Championship with the Dodgers in 1955. Jackie was the on a U.S. postage stamp; the first baseball player to have his uniform number (42) across all teams by first African-American to be inducted into the Baseball the Major League; the first UCLA student to earn a varsity letter in all four sports: baseball, basketball, Hall of Fame; was the first Major League baseball player to be honored on a U.S. postage stamp; the first football and track; the first African-American baseball player to receive the Congressional Gold Medal; baseball player to have his uniform number (42) across all teams by the Major League; the first UCLA student and the first African-American to serve as Vice President of a major American corporation, Chock Fullto earn a varsity letter in all four sports: baseball, basketball, football and track; the first African- O’ Nuts.American baseball player to receive the Congressional Gold Medal; and the first African-American to serve as Vice President of a major American corporation, Chock Full O Nuts. Leroy Robert “Satchel” Paige was born July 7, 1906 in Mobile, Alabama. He was an American Leroy Robert "Satchel" Paige was born July 7, 1906 in Mobile, Alabama. He was an American baseball baseball player whose pitching in the Negro leagues and in Major League Baseball made him a legend player whose pitching in the Negro leagues and in Major League Baseball made him a legend in his own in his own lifetime. The nickname Satchel originated from childhood work toting bags at the train lifetime. The nickname Satchel originated from childhood work toting bags at the train station. His station. His career highlights span five decades. Pronounced the greatest pitcher in the history of the career highlights span five decades. Pronounced the Negro Leagues, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, the first player to be inducted greatest pitcher in the history of the Negro Leagues, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, the from the Negro leagues. Joe DiMaggio called Satchel Paige “the best and fastest pitcher I’ve ever first player to be inducted from the Negro leagues. Joe DiMaggio called Satchel Paige "the best and fastest faced.” His pitching was amazing and his showboating was legendary. Paige mauled the competition in pitcher Ive ever faced.” His pitching was amazing and front of sellout crowds. Sure, he liked the attention, but to him, there was only one goal-- to pitch in the his showboating was legendary. Paige mauled the competition in front of sellout crowds. Sure, he liked Major Leagues. the attention, but to him, there was only one goal-- to pitch in the Major Leagues. Kirby Puckett was born on March 14, 1960 in Chicago’s South Side. He made his Major Kirby Puckett was born on March 14, 1960 in Chicagos South League debut on May 8, 1984. Kirby led the Minnesota Twins to two World Series in 1987 and Side. He made his Major League debut on May 8, 1984. Kirby led the Minnesota Twins to two World Series in 1987 and 1991, 1991, won six Gold Gloves, was selected as an All-Star ten times, and was inducted into the won six Gold Gloves, selected as an All-Star ten times, and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2001. He earned a Baseball Hall of Fame in 2001. He earned a reputation whose charitable endeavors, particular- reputation whose charitable endeavors, particularly in helping ly in helping children, earned him many national honors including baseball’s Roberto Clemente children, earned him many national honors including baseballs Roberto Clemente Man of the Year Award in 1996. Kirby was Man of the Year Award in 1996. Kirby was forced to retire at age 35 after being diagnosed with forced to retire at age 35 after being diagnosed with Glaucoma. The street in front of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome is Glaucoma. The street in front of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome is named after him. named after him. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups
  3. 3. Celebrating Black History Month Vernon Baker, a military hero, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions on April 5-6, 1945, when he and his platoon killed 26 enemy soldiers and destroyed six machine gun nests, two observer posts and four dugouts Vernon Baker, a military hero, was awarded the Congressional Medal of near Viareggio, Italy. He was one of seven Medal of Honor recipients who became the first Black soldiers to Honorthe award on January 13, 1997. 5-6, 1945, when he and his platoon killed 26 receive for his actions on April enemy soldiers and destroyed six machine gun nests, two observer posts and four dugouts near Viareggio, Italy. He was one of seven Medal of Honor recipients who became the first Black soldiers to receive the award on January 13, 1997. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement He is best known for being an iconic figure in the civil rights movement. of civil rights in the United States and advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachingsfollowing the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King is nonviolent methods of Mahatma Gandhi. King is often often presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern American presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern AmericanKing was King was liberalism. liberalism. assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. assassinated on April 4, 1968, in awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 He was posthumously Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was and the Congressional Gold Medalestablished 1977 and federal holiday in 1986. of Freedom in as a U.S. Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups
  4. 4. Celebrating Black History Month Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) African American civil rights activist, was whom the U.S. Congress later called "the whom the U.S. Congress later an African American civil rights activist, called “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom move- first lady of civil rights", and "the mother ment.”the freedom the folkloricContrary to the civil rights role, Mrs. Parks of Contrary to movement. accounts of her was folklorictired to move. Rather,rights role, not too accounts of her civil she had been a knowledgeable NAACP Mrs. Parks was not too tired to move. stalwart for many years and gave the organization the incident it needed to Rather, she had been a knowledgeable move againststalwart for many years and gave NAACP segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy, Montgomery, AL. the incident it needed to the organization move against segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy, Montgomery, AL. George Washington Carver was born in 1864 near Diamond Grove, Missouri. As an agricultural chemist, Carver discovered three hundred uses for peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet pota- George Washington Carver was born items that he suggested to southern farmers to help toes. Among the listed in 1864 near Diamond Grove, Missouri. As his recipes and improvements to/for: adhesives, them economically were an agricultural chemist, Carver discovered three hundred bleach, buttermilk, chili sauce, fuel briquettes, ink, instant axle grease, uses for peanuts coffee, linoleum, mayonnaise, meat tenderizer, metal polish, paper, plastic, and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes. Among the pavement, shaving cream, shoe polish, synthetic rubber, talcum powder listed items that he suggested to southern farmers to help them economically were did not patent or profit from most of his products. and wood stain. Carver his recipes and improvements to/for: He freely gave his discoveries to mankind. Most important was the fact adhesives, axle grease, bleach, buttermilk, chili sauce, fuel briquettes, ink, the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being that he changed instant coffee, linoleum, mayonnaise, meat tenderizer, metal polish, paper, plastic, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for multi-crop farmlands, pavement, shaving cream, shoe polish, their new crops. “God gave them to me,” he would say about his ideas and, synthetic rubber, talcum powder and wood stain. Carver did Inot patent or profit “How can sell them to someone else?” In 1940, Carver donated his life from most of his products. He freely gave savings to the establishment of the Carver Research Foundation at Tuske- his discoveries to mankind. Most gee, for continuing research in agriculture.important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to beingmulti-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops. "Godgave them to me" he would say about his ideas, "How can I sell them to someone else?" In 1940,Carver donated his life savings to the establishment of the Carver Research Foundation atTuskegee, for continuing research in agriculture. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups
  5. 5. Celebrating Black History Month Louis Armstrong was born August 4, 1901, New Orleans,Louis Armstrong 1971, New York. Louisiana, died July 6, was born August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana, and He was a leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz 1971 in New York. He was a leading trumpeter and one of the died July 6, history. Louie was possiblymost influential artists all time, but the greatest jazz musician of in jazz history. Louie was possibly the greatest jazz certainly the most influential of them all. Fellow musicians called himof all time, but certainly the most influential of them all. musician “stachelmouth” because of his huge, wide grin. Later, it was shortened to Fellow musicians called him “stachelmouth” because of his huge, wide “Sachmo”. “Hello, Dolly” and “What a Wonderful World” were among shortened to “Sachmo.” “Hello, Dolly” and “What a grin. Later, it was his most famous pieces. Armstrong toured the world as an Wonderful World” were among his most famous pieces. Armstrong toured unofficial goodwill ambassador for America. the world as an unofficial goodwill ambassador for America. Chuck Berry, whose full name is Charles Edward Anderson Berry, is a guitarist and vocalist in the genres of blues and rock and roll. He fused blues with hillbilly and stamped Chuck Berry, whose full it with his unique playing style and stage name is Charles Edward Anderson Berry, is a presence.guitarist and vocalist in the genres of blues and rock and roll. He fused Some of his famous songs are "My Ding-A-Ling," "Maybellene," "School Day," blues with hillbilly and stamped it with his unique playing style and stage "Sweet Little Sixteen," "Rock & Roll Music," "Carol," "Johnny B. Goode," "Roll Over famous songs are “My Ding-A-Ling,” “Maybellene,” presence. Some of his Beethoven," "Back in the USA," "Too Much Monkey Business," "No Particular Place To Sixteen,” “Rock & Roll Music,” “Carol,” “Johnny “School Day,” “Sweet Little Go," "No Money Down," "Thirty Days," B. Goode,” “Roll Over Beethoven,” “Back in the USA,” “Too Much Monkey "Almost Grown," "Brown Eyed Handsome Man" andBusiness,” “No Particular Place To Go,” “No Money Down,” “Thirty Days,” ""Wee Wee Hours. “Almost Grown,” “Brown Eyed Handsome Man” and “Wee Wee Hours.” Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups
  6. 6. Celebrating Black History Month Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American musician who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. Although an Adams Colespianist, he 1919 – February 15, 1965), known Nathaniel accomplished (March 17, owes most of hisas Nat King Cole, wasto American musician who first came professionally popular musical fame an his soft baritone voice, which he used to Although an accomplished pia- to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. perform in big band and his popular musical fame to his soft baritone voice, nist, he owes most of jazz genres. He was one of the first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has and jazz genres. He was one of the which he used to perform in big band first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has maintained maintained worldwide popularity since his death. popularity since his death. worldwide Antoine Dominique "Fats" Domino Jr. (born Antoine Dominique “Fats” Domino Jr. (born February 26, 1928) is an February 26, 1928) is an American R&B and rock and rollR&B and rock and roll pianist and singer-songwriter. He was American pianist and singer-songwriter. He was born and raised in New Orleans, born and raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. Domino first attracted national Louisiana. Domino first attracted national attention with "The Fat Fat Man” in 1949 on Imperial Records. This song is an attention with “The Man" in 1949 on Imperial Records. roll record, an early rock rolling piano and Domino doing “wah- early rock and This song is featuring a and rollvocalizing over a rolling piano and wah” record, featuring a strong back beat. It sold over a million copies and is Domino doing "wah-wah" vocalizing over a strong back beat. It soldthe first rock copies record to do so. widely regarded as over a million and roll and is widely regarded as the first rock and roll record to do so. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups

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