Chapter 1: Intro to Medical Terminology Lindy Bavolek
Building Medical Terms  from Word Parts <ul><li>Root Word : Foundation of the word  </li></ul><ul><li>(ex:  cardi ogram= r...
Combining forms <ul><li>Consists of the word root and its combining vowel written in a word root/vowel form </li></ul><ul>...
Common prefixes <ul><li>A- without, away from </li></ul><ul><li>An- without </li></ul><ul><li>Ante- Before, in front of </...
Common Suffixes <ul><li>-Algia: Pain </li></ul><ul><li>-Cele: Hernia, protrusion </li></ul><ul><li>-Cise: Cut </li></ul><u...
Interpreting Medical Terms <ul><li>Pronunciation : People may pronounce words differently depending on where they are from...
Abbreviations <ul><li>Commonly used, but can be confusing </li></ul><ul><li>An incorrect abbreviation could make the diffe...
Medical Record <ul><li>Documents the details of a patient’s hospital stay </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a history and physica...
Healthcare Settings <ul><li>There are various settings where medical terminology is used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General ho...
Confidentiality <ul><li>Any information or record relating to a patient must be considered privileged, meaning you have a ...
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PPchap1Bavolek

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PPchap1Bavolek

  1. 1. Chapter 1: Intro to Medical Terminology Lindy Bavolek
  2. 2. Building Medical Terms from Word Parts <ul><li>Root Word : Foundation of the word </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: cardi ogram= record of the heart) </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix : At the beginning of the word </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: peri cardium= around the heart) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix : At the end of the word </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: card itis = inflammation of the heart) </li></ul><ul><li>Combining vowel : a vowel that links the word root to another word root or a suffix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(ex: cardi o my o pathy= disease of the heart muscle) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Combining forms <ul><li>Consists of the word root and its combining vowel written in a word root/vowel form </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aden/o: Gland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carcin/o: Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardi/o: Heart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Chem/o: Chemical </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Common prefixes <ul><li>A- without, away from </li></ul><ul><li>An- without </li></ul><ul><li>Ante- Before, in front of </li></ul><ul><li>Anti- Against </li></ul><ul><li>Auto- Self </li></ul><ul><li>Brady- Slow </li></ul><ul><li>Dys- Painful, difficult </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common Suffixes <ul><li>-Algia: Pain </li></ul><ul><li>-Cele: Hernia, protrusion </li></ul><ul><li>-Cise: Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Cyte: Cell </li></ul><ul><li>-Dynia: Pain </li></ul><ul><li>-Ectasis: Dilation </li></ul><ul><li>-Gen: That which produces </li></ul><ul><li>There are adjective suffixes to change the root word into an adjective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: -ac (pertaining to) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are also surgical suffixes to indicate surgical procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: -centesis (puncture to withdraw fluid) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Interpreting Medical Terms <ul><li>Pronunciation : People may pronounce words differently depending on where they are from; if there is any question about a term, ask the person to spell it or clarify </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling : although there may be different pronunciations, there is only one correct spelling. Be careful because one letter can make a huge difference! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Abbreviations <ul><li>Commonly used, but can be confusing </li></ul><ul><li>An incorrect abbreviation could make the different between life and death! </li></ul><ul><li>It affects insurance records, processing, and patient diagnosis and treatment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Medical Record <ul><li>Documents the details of a patient’s hospital stay </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a history and physical, physician’s orders, nurse’s notes, physician’s progress notes, consultation reports, ancillary reports, diagnostic reports, informed consent, the operative report, anesthesiologist’s report, pathologist’s report, and discharge summary </li></ul>
  9. 9. Healthcare Settings <ul><li>There are various settings where medical terminology is used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General hospitals, specialty care hospitals, nursing homes, ambulatory care, physician’s offices, health maintenance organization, home health care, rehabilitation centers, and hospice </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Confidentiality <ul><li>Any information or record relating to a patient must be considered privileged, meaning you have a moral and legal responsibility to keep all information about the patient confidential </li></ul>
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