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Lindy's Chapter 1 Presentation for Bio120

Lindy's Chapter 1 Presentation for Bio120



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PPchap1Bavolek Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 1: Intro to Medical Terminology Lindy Bavolek
  • 2. Building Medical Terms from Word Parts
    • Root Word : Foundation of the word
    • (ex: cardi ogram= record of the heart)
    • Prefix : At the beginning of the word
    • (ex: peri cardium= around the heart)
    • Suffix : At the end of the word
    • (ex: card itis = inflammation of the heart)
    • Combining vowel : a vowel that links the word root to another word root or a suffix
      • (ex: cardi o my o pathy= disease of the heart muscle)
  • 3. Combining forms
    • Consists of the word root and its combining vowel written in a word root/vowel form
    • Examples:
      • Aden/o: Gland
      • Carcin/o: Cancer
      • Cardi/o: Heart
      • -Chem/o: Chemical
  • 4. Common prefixes
    • A- without, away from
    • An- without
    • Ante- Before, in front of
    • Anti- Against
    • Auto- Self
    • Brady- Slow
    • Dys- Painful, difficult
  • 5. Common Suffixes
    • -Algia: Pain
    • -Cele: Hernia, protrusion
    • -Cise: Cut
    • Cyte: Cell
    • -Dynia: Pain
    • -Ectasis: Dilation
    • -Gen: That which produces
    • There are adjective suffixes to change the root word into an adjective
      • Ex: -ac (pertaining to)
    • There are also surgical suffixes to indicate surgical procedures
      • Ex: -centesis (puncture to withdraw fluid)
  • 6. Interpreting Medical Terms
    • Pronunciation : People may pronounce words differently depending on where they are from; if there is any question about a term, ask the person to spell it or clarify
    • Spelling : although there may be different pronunciations, there is only one correct spelling. Be careful because one letter can make a huge difference!
  • 7. Abbreviations
    • Commonly used, but can be confusing
    • An incorrect abbreviation could make the different between life and death!
    • It affects insurance records, processing, and patient diagnosis and treatment
  • 8. Medical Record
    • Documents the details of a patient’s hospital stay
    • Includes a history and physical, physician’s orders, nurse’s notes, physician’s progress notes, consultation reports, ancillary reports, diagnostic reports, informed consent, the operative report, anesthesiologist’s report, pathologist’s report, and discharge summary
  • 9. Healthcare Settings
    • There are various settings where medical terminology is used:
      • General hospitals, specialty care hospitals, nursing homes, ambulatory care, physician’s offices, health maintenance organization, home health care, rehabilitation centers, and hospice
  • 10. Confidentiality
    • Any information or record relating to a patient must be considered privileged, meaning you have a moral and legal responsibility to keep all information about the patient confidential