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Lindy's Chapter 1 Presentation for Bio120

Lindy's Chapter 1 Presentation for Bio120



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    PPchap1Bavolek PPchap1Bavolek Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 1: Intro to Medical Terminology Lindy Bavolek
    • Building Medical Terms from Word Parts
      • Root Word : Foundation of the word
      • (ex: cardi ogram= record of the heart)
      • Prefix : At the beginning of the word
      • (ex: peri cardium= around the heart)
      • Suffix : At the end of the word
      • (ex: card itis = inflammation of the heart)
      • Combining vowel : a vowel that links the word root to another word root or a suffix
        • (ex: cardi o my o pathy= disease of the heart muscle)
    • Combining forms
      • Consists of the word root and its combining vowel written in a word root/vowel form
      • Examples:
        • Aden/o: Gland
        • Carcin/o: Cancer
        • Cardi/o: Heart
        • -Chem/o: Chemical
    • Common prefixes
      • A- without, away from
      • An- without
      • Ante- Before, in front of
      • Anti- Against
      • Auto- Self
      • Brady- Slow
      • Dys- Painful, difficult
    • Common Suffixes
      • -Algia: Pain
      • -Cele: Hernia, protrusion
      • -Cise: Cut
      • Cyte: Cell
      • -Dynia: Pain
      • -Ectasis: Dilation
      • -Gen: That which produces
      • There are adjective suffixes to change the root word into an adjective
        • Ex: -ac (pertaining to)
      • There are also surgical suffixes to indicate surgical procedures
        • Ex: -centesis (puncture to withdraw fluid)
    • Interpreting Medical Terms
      • Pronunciation : People may pronounce words differently depending on where they are from; if there is any question about a term, ask the person to spell it or clarify
      • Spelling : although there may be different pronunciations, there is only one correct spelling. Be careful because one letter can make a huge difference!
    • Abbreviations
      • Commonly used, but can be confusing
      • An incorrect abbreviation could make the different between life and death!
      • It affects insurance records, processing, and patient diagnosis and treatment
    • Medical Record
      • Documents the details of a patient’s hospital stay
      • Includes a history and physical, physician’s orders, nurse’s notes, physician’s progress notes, consultation reports, ancillary reports, diagnostic reports, informed consent, the operative report, anesthesiologist’s report, pathologist’s report, and discharge summary
    • Healthcare Settings
      • There are various settings where medical terminology is used:
        • General hospitals, specialty care hospitals, nursing homes, ambulatory care, physician’s offices, health maintenance organization, home health care, rehabilitation centers, and hospice
    • Confidentiality
      • Any information or record relating to a patient must be considered privileged, meaning you have a moral and legal responsibility to keep all information about the patient confidential