When Filters and the First Amendment Clash:  Policies for Student Access<br />Texas Library Association Conference<br />Ap...
Session Overview<br />Part 1: <br />CIPA/NCIPA + student 1st Amendment rights<br />Part 2<br />Internet safety policies co...
CIPA/NCIPA + student 1st Amendment rights<br />Part I<br />
Results of Filtering<br />Project Tomorrow “Speak Up 2010” survey<br />#1 complaint <br />Blog lockdown<br />
What does CIPA require?<br />CIPA requirements for K-12 schools:<br />Certify have installed “technology protection measur...
What about NCIPA?<br />Schools receiving E-rate discounted services<br />Internet Safety Policy (AUP) addressing:<br />Acc...
Students’ First Amendment Rights<br />Supreme Court: minors’ free speech & expression rights<br />Tinker v. Des Moines Ind...
Students Rights’ Online<br />Supreme Court decision on CIPA<br />United States v. ALA (2003)<br />Imprecise & blocking pro...
Students’ Rights Online<br />Create AUP to balance 3 interests<br />CIPA requirements<br />NCIPA local control<br />Minors...
Over to you…<br />Does your district’s AUP include process to unblock sites for students (minors)?<br />Informal unblockin...
Internet Safety Policies Compared to CIPA & Impact on Student Research <br />Part 2<br />
NCIPA E-Rate funding<br />
What’s blocked?<br />
Monitoring<br />
Protecting Children in the 21st Century<br />Permission pending, http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc/help/web/besmart.shtml, March 1...
At the Local Level<br />Part 3<br />
At the Local Level<br />What does the law require in Texas?<br />Must have an Internet safety policy which protects childr...
AUP<br />How do you ensure that staff and students are reading your acceptable use policy?<br />Signature page turned in<b...
ecourse for Staff<br />
Now what?<br />
Can staff unblock a site?<br />Teachers	<br />Open access<br />Same as student access<br />Override password<br />Request ...
Requesting access-<br />
Requesting access-<br />
Can students do the same?<br />Students<br />No legal way around<br />Go through teacher<br />Get around system<br />
Reality means-<br />
Reality means-<br />
Reality means-<br />
Personal Devices<br />What about these?<br />Internet capable phones<br />Ipads, Nooks, Kindles, etc.<br />What policies p...
Filter Changes<br />What happens when the district changes the filter or upgrades the existing one?<br />Will all previous...
Consider-<br />If we are filtering and making content related decisions for students, are we really teaching information l...
Is this filtering or limiting?<br />
Part 4: Wrap-up<br />ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom<br />Filtering/privacy questions<br />800-545-2433, ext. 4220<br ...
Speaker contact info<br />Helen Adams, School Library & Information Technologies Program, Mansfield University (PA)<br />h...
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Filters firstamendmenttla2011 final

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Discussion of how filtering is impacting student research and limiting first amendment rights.

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  • Filters firstamendmenttla2011 final

    1. 1. When Filters and the First Amendment Clash: Policies for Student Access<br />Texas Library Association Conference<br />April 13, 2011<br />Helen Adams, Lea Bailey, and Barbara Jansen<br />
    2. 2. Session Overview<br />Part 1: <br />CIPA/NCIPA + student 1st Amendment rights<br />Part 2<br />Internet safety policies compared to CIPA and impact on student research<br />Part 3<br />AUP + e-course<br />Part 4: <br />Wrap-up<br />
    3. 3. CIPA/NCIPA + student 1st Amendment rights<br />Part I<br />
    4. 4. Results of Filtering<br />Project Tomorrow “Speak Up 2010” survey<br />#1 complaint <br />Blog lockdown<br />
    5. 5. What does CIPA require?<br />CIPA requirements for K-12 schools:<br />Certify have installed “technology protection measures”<br />All computers used to access the Internet by adults & minors<br />Protect against “visual depictions of child porn, obscenity, or material harmful to minors”<br />Federal definitions<br />Certify having an Internet Safety Policy<br />Includes monitoring minors online<br />Minors <17 years old<br />Educating about appropriate behavior online<br />Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act<br />
    6. 6. What about NCIPA?<br />Schools receiving E-rate discounted services<br />Internet Safety Policy (AUP) addressing:<br />Access to “matter inappropriate to minors” on Internet<br />No federal definition<br />Local determination<br />Safety/security of minors using email, chat, etc.<br />Protecting confidentiality of minors’ PII<br />Unlawful activities<br />State laws<br />
    7. 7. Students’ First Amendment Rights<br />Supreme Court: minors’ free speech & expression rights<br />Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969)<br />Board of Education v. Pico (1982)<br />“…right to receive ideas as part of …freedom of speech”<br />Apply 1st A. rights “in light of special circumstances in schools”<br />School officials may restrict speech (access to info) if:<br />Materials are:<br /> “educationally unsuitable” or “pervasively vulgar”<br />May not restrict:<br />Politically motivated or <br />Based on disagreement with ideas<br />
    8. 8. Students Rights’ Online<br />Supreme Court decision on CIPA<br />United States v. ALA (2003)<br />Imprecise & blocking protected speech<br />Constitutional<br />Ask librarian to unblock<br />Consider factors<br />Pico: 1st Amendment rights to receive information<br />ALA: Unblock site with protected speech<br />Filters: over-block & under-block<br />Educationally suitable<br />Teachable moments<br />Obscene, child porn, harmful to minors<br />Pets<br />
    9. 9. Students’ Rights Online<br />Create AUP to balance 3 interests<br />CIPA requirements<br />NCIPA local control<br />Minors’ First Amendment rights<br />Include:<br />Process to unblock sites with protected speech<br />Disclaimer<br />“World’s Simplest Online Safety Policy”<br />http://tinyurl.com/3awz7hb<br />
    10. 10. Over to you…<br />Does your district’s AUP include process to unblock sites for students (minors)?<br />Informal unblocking?<br />
    11. 11. Internet Safety Policies Compared to CIPA & Impact on Student Research <br />Part 2<br />
    12. 12. NCIPA E-Rate funding<br />
    13. 13. What’s blocked?<br />
    14. 14.
    15. 15. Monitoring<br />
    16. 16. Protecting Children in the 21st Century<br />Permission pending, http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc/help/web/besmart.shtml, March 19, 2011.<br />
    17. 17.
    18. 18.
    19. 19.
    20. 20. At the Local Level<br />Part 3<br />
    21. 21. At the Local Level<br />What does the law require in Texas?<br />Must have an Internet safety policy which protects children from obscene materials to access Texas Infrastructure Funds<br />
    22. 22. AUP<br />How do you ensure that staff and students are reading your acceptable use policy?<br />Signature page turned in<br />Attendance at a meeting<br />Just assume they read and understand it<br />ecourse<br />
    23. 23. ecourse for Staff<br />
    24. 24. Now what?<br />
    25. 25. Can staff unblock a site?<br />Teachers <br />Open access<br />Same as student access<br />Override password<br />Request access<br />
    26. 26. Requesting access-<br />
    27. 27. Requesting access-<br />
    28. 28. Can students do the same?<br />Students<br />No legal way around<br />Go through teacher<br />Get around system<br />
    29. 29. Reality means-<br />
    30. 30. Reality means-<br />
    31. 31. Reality means-<br />
    32. 32. Personal Devices<br />What about these?<br />Internet capable phones<br />Ipads, Nooks, Kindles, etc.<br />What policies pertain to these?<br />Are we responsible for students’ activity during school hours?<br />
    33. 33. Filter Changes<br />What happens when the district changes the filter or upgrades the existing one?<br />Will all previous unblockings be carried over?<br />Are teachers and students notified of the pending change? <br />Or, when it will happen?<br />
    34. 34. Consider-<br />If we are filtering and making content related decisions for students, are we really teaching information literacy or developing students who can think for themselves in the real world? <br />How does this fit into college readiness standards?<br />
    35. 35. Is this filtering or limiting?<br />
    36. 36. Part 4: Wrap-up<br />ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom<br />Filtering/privacy questions<br />800-545-2433, ext. 4220<br />List of resources<br />Minors & Minors Internet Interactivity: Interpretation of LBOR<br />Supports minors’ academic & personal use of Web 2.0<br />ACLU- Don’t Filter Me<br />PP & resources URL: http://www.irvingisd.net/learningresources/library%20presentations.html<br />
    37. 37. Speaker contact info<br />Helen Adams, School Library & Information Technologies Program, Mansfield University (PA)<br />hadams@mansfield.edu <br />Barbara Jansen, Dept. Chair, 1-12 Ed. Tech. and Library Services, & Upper School Librarian, St. Andrew's School (Austin)<br />bjansen@sasaustin.org<br />Lea Bailey, Director of Learning Resources, Irving ISD<br />lbailey@irvingisd.net<br />

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