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The muscular system
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The muscular system

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  • 1. THE MUSCULARSYSTEM
  • 2. FRONT VIEW OF THEMUSCULAR SYSTEM
  • 3. BACK VIEW OF THEMUSCULAR SYSTEM
  • 4. THE DISEASES OFMUSCULAR SYSTEM
  • 5. MUSCLE STRAINMuscle strain -- or muscle pull or even a muscle tear --implies damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons. Youcan put undue pressure on muscles during the course ofnormal daily activities, with sudden heavy lifting, duringsports, or while performing work tasks.
  • 6. Muscle Strain SymptomsSymptoms of muscle strain include: • Muscle pain and tenderness, especially after an activity that stretches or violently contracts the muscle Pain usually increases when you move the muscle but is relieved by rest. • Muscle swelling, discoloration or both • Muscle cramp or spasm • Either a decrease in muscle strength or (in Grade III strains) a complete loss of muscle function • A pop in the muscle at the time of injury • A gap, dent or other defect in the normal outline of the muscle (in Grade III strain)
  • 7. MUSCLE STRAINPREVENTIONTo help prevent muscle strains: • Warm up before participating in sports and activities. • Follow an exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your muscles. • Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. Never push yourself too hard, too soon. • Maintain a healthy body weight. Obesity can stress muscles, especially in your legs and back. • Practice good posture when you sit and stand. • Use the correct technique when you lift heavy loads.
  • 8. MUSCLE STRAINTREATMENTTREATMENT• Rest the injured muscle (and take a temporary break from sports activities).• Ice the injured area to reduce swelling.• Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage.• Elevate the injured area.