Chap4 calculation
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  • 1. CHAPTER 4: INTERPRETATION OFPRESCRIPTIONS & MEDICATIONORDERSDr. Bridg’ette Israel
  • 2. CHAPTER 4: OBJECTIVES Demonstrate an understanding of the format and components of a typical prescription. Demonstrate an understanding of the format and components of a typical institutional medication order. Interpret correctly standard abbreviations and symbols used on prescriptions and medication orders. Differentiate between patient compliance and noncompliance and apply calculations to determine compliancy.
  • 3. VOCABULARY Prescription Medication Order Tamper-resistant Prescription Pads e-prescribing e-prescription Military Time Medication Scheduling Patient Compliance Patient Noncompliance
  • 4. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION
  • 5. SAMPLE MEDICATION ORDER
  • 6. SAMPLE PEDIATRIC PRESCRIPTION
  • 7. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION FOR A GENERICDRUG
  • 8. SAMPLE PRESCRIPTION REQUIRINGCOMPOUNDING
  • 9. SAMPLE HOSPITAL MEDICATION ORDER
  • 10. SAMPLE NURSING HOME MEDICATION ORDER
  • 11. PRESCRIPTION & MEDICATION ORDER ACCURACY Each medication should be:  Therapeutically appropriate for the patient  Prescribed at the correct dose  Dispensed in the correct strength and dosage form  Correctly labeled with complete instructions for the patient or caregiver  The patient in a hospital or other health care facility: each medication must be administered to the correct patient , at the correct time, and by the correct rate & route of administration
  • 12. REGULAR VS MILITARY TIME
  • 13. PRESCRIPTIONS WRITTEN IN SI UNITS
  • 14. ERRORS & OMISSIONS
  • 15. ERRORS & OMISSIONS
  • 16. ERRORS & OMISSIONS Error: Drug name incorrect Omission: Directions incomplete
  • 17. ROMAN NUMERALS ON PRESCRIPTIONS Designate quantities of medication to be dispensed and/or Medication to be take by patient per dose
  • 18. ROMAN NUMERALS ON PRESCRIPTIONS Designate quantities of medication to be dispensed and/or Medication to be take by patient per dose
  • 19. RULES FOR ROMAN NUMERALS ONPRESCRIPTIONS A letter repeated once or more, repeats its value (ex: xx = 20, xxx = 30) One or more letters placed after a letter of greater value increases the value of the greater number (ex: vi = 6, xij = 12, lx = 60) A letter placed before a letter of greater value decreases the value of the greater letter (ex: iv =4, xl = 40)
  • 20. ABBREVIATIONS & SYMBOLS
  • 21. ABBREVIATIONS & SYMBOLS
  • 22. PATIENT COMPLIANCE
  • 23. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill?
  • 24. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill?
  • 25. PATIENT COMPLIANCE Example:What is the percent compliance rate if a patient received a 30-day supply of medicine & returned in 45 days for a refill?