Shot reverse shot (or shot/ counter shot) is a film
technique where one character is shown looking at
another character (often off-screen), and then the
other character is shown looking back at the first
character. Since the characters are shown facing in
opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are
looking at each other.
The eye line match begins with a character
looking at something off-screen, followed by a
cut to the object or person at which she is
looking at. For example, this girl is looking off-
screen, and then the film cuts to a portrait she
is looking at,
A graphic match is making a cut where your
viewers center of focus is on the previous
shot. You want the focus of the next shot to
be in a similar place. This will make a
smooth transition from one shot to the
next. The photographs have to be a similar
Matching the action (movement or motion) of
characters or objects in one shot to the action in the
next shot where the action continues or completes.
A jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two similar
shots of the same subject are taken from camera
positions that vary only slightly.
Cross-cutting is an editing technique
most often used in films to establish
action occurring at the same time in
two different locations. In a cross-cut,
the camera will cut away from one
action to another action.
A cutaway shot is the interruption of a
continuously filmed action by inserting a view
of something else. It is usually, followed by a
cut back to the first shot, when the cutaway
avoids a jump cut. The cutaway shot does not
necessarily contribute any dramatic content of
its own, but is used to help the editor assemble
a longer sequence.
a dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to
another. A first image gradually dissolves or fades out
and is replaced by another image which fades in over
it. They are usually used in film to connote the
passage of time and change of mood.
Fade in and fade out
A Fade In shot is where a new shot starts as black
and gradually appears.
A Fade Out is where a shot gradually gets darker
until it disappears
They are usually used at the beginning or end of
a scene/TV drama or used to show the begin or
end of day in a film.
• An optical effect in which an image appears to
"wipe-off" or push aside the preceeding image.
Very commonly seen in the 1930’s and are
used in films/Tv drama's to show change of
location or time.
Post-production visual effects
Post production is a term for all stages of production
occurring after the actual end of shooting and/or
recording the completed work. Therefore visual effects
are the various processes by which imagery is created
and/or manipulated outside the context of a live
action shot using computer generated imagery .
Ellipsis and expansion of time
An ellipsis is the main editing feature to cut out
things the audiences doesn’t need to see and
to shorten a plot's duration in a film.
Expansion of time is when you expand time in a video,
you are making the duration of the video sequence
longer than real-time. This is used to add impact,
additional information, or to help the viewer process
information that would be too fast in real-time.
Long Takes: takes of an unusually long
length, i.e. more than a few seconds. This is
commonly used for dramatic and narrative
effect in films.
•Short Takes: takes that only last for a few
seconds. These are used usually at a faster pace
for a action or dramatic takes to build tension
and excite the audience.
Slow motion is an effect in film-making
whereby time appears to be slowed down as
the video being played back is more slowly than
it was made or recorded.
Fast motion Films action that appears to have
occurred at a faster speed than that at which
it was filmed. Commonly used in action
movies to get the audience excited.
The exposure of more than one image
on the same film strip. Two distinct
images appearing simultaneously with
one superimposed upon the other.