In Article II Section 3 the constitution states that the President should let congress know what’s going on within the nation from time to time. It also states that the President has to discuss issues with Congress and suggest to them how he wants those issues to be carried out which is usually done in a quick manner.
Chief Executive (the President) sends 3 messages to Capitol Hill:
1. The State of the Union message, a speech the President delivers in person to
a joint session of Congress
2.The President’s budget message and an economic report is sent out after
the president’s speech
3. President also sends other messages to Congress about laws he feels that
Congress should look over and discuss that could benefit the nation
The President has four choices when he receives a bill:
. Sign it and make it law
. The President could veto the bill, and then the bill is returned to congress. Congress can overrule his veto if two-thirds of congress from both chambers vote to keep the bill
. The President allows the bill to become law but doesn’t sign it and doesn’t veto it within ten days
. The President can also pocket veto the bill. If Congress adjourns within 10 days of sending a bill to the president and the chief executive doesn’t act on it then it dies. The pocket veto can only be used at the end of a congressional session.
Granted by the Constitution, the President has the absolute power to give reprieves and pardons for offenses against the US, except in the case of impeachment. in this case, the President may never exercise this power.
~Reprieve: the postponement of the execution of a sentence
~Pardon: a legal forgiveness of a crime
These powers are called clemency (mercy or leniency) and they may only be exercise in cases including federal offenses.
Pardons are granted after a person is convicted, but the President can pardon a federal offender before that person has been tried or hasn't been formally seen. A pardon can be accepted or denied but it is only effective if the person charged against admits to being guilty and accepts it.
A pardon includes:
~the power to grant conditional pardons, provided the conditions are reasonable
~the power of communication that is the power o reduce the length of a sentence ora fine imposed by a court
~the power of amnesty, in effect a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
The President has no authority over the people who violated senate law.
African Americans are being incarcerated due to both economic and racial issues. 16.7 percent of African Americans are facing unemployment while 8.8 percent of Caucasians face unemployment. Unfortunately some people feel that all hope is lost and resort to crime in order to fulfill their financial needs. Obama created the Americans Jobs Act to attempt to fix this issue. The act said, that Obama wanted to establish a new tax credit to employers for hiring long term employees. The act also stated that they would create programs and accommodate training to people who were affected most by the recession.
William A. McClenaghan, Prentice Hall American Government, United States: Mary Magruder, 2006 John Adams: "Special Session Message," May 16, 1797. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project . (http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=65636#axzz1gL77XpVN ) Harry S. Truman: "Message to the Special Session of the 80th Congress," July 27, 1948. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project . ( http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=12967#axzz1gL77XpVN ) http://www.whitehouse.gov/economy/jobs