Lawrence C. Bautista
Allan O. Fernandez
Paolo A. Estacio
Maria Paula S. Go
• Also known as Labor Rights, are a group of legal rights
and claimed human rights having to do with labor
relations between workers and their employers, usually
obtained under labor and employment law.
• these rights' debates have to do with negotiating workers'
pay, benefits, and safe working conditions. One of the
most central of these "rights" is the right to unionize.
• a relatively new addition to the modern corpus of human
• The Peasants' Revolt in England
during the Dark Ages (1381)
expressed demand for better
wages and working conditions.
• One of the leaders of the revolt
was John Ball, an English
• He said: “When Adam delved
and Eve span, who was then the
• The modern concept of labor
rights dates to the 19th century
after the creation of labor
unions following the
industrialization processes, and
Karl Marx stands out as one of
the earliest and most prominent
advocates for workers rights.
• Founder of Socialism
• His philosophy and economic theory focused on labor
issues and advocates his economic system of
socialism, a society which would be ruled by the workers.
In fact, many of the social movements for the rights of the
workers were associated with groups influenced by Marx
such as the socialists and communists.
• In socialism, the resources of the
economy are managed and
controlled by the people
themselves through communes
or councils while in
communism, management and
control rest on a few people in a
single authoritarian party.
• Both adhere to the principle that
the resources of the economy
should be collectively owned by
the public and controlled by a
central organization. The ideas of
Communism and Socialism
sprung up during the Industrial
Revolution because of the
people’s low wages and poor
• Article X111 Section 3 of the 1987 Constitution
- The state shall afford full protection of labor, local and
overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote full
employment and equality of employment opportunities for
- It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-
organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and
peaceful concerned activities, including the right to strike
in accordance with law. They shall be entitled to security
of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage.
They shall also participate in policy and decision-making
processes affecting their rights and benefits as may be
provided by law.
• The State shall promote the principle of shared
reponsibility between workers and employers and
preferential use of voluntary modes in settling
disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their
mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace.
• The State shall regulate the relations between workers
and employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just
share in the fruits of production and the right of
enterprises to reasonable returns on investments, and to
expansion and growth.
• No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property
without due process of law, nor shall any person be
denied the equal protection of the laws.
• Article 3: The State shall afford protection to
labor, promote full employment, ensure equal work
opportunities regardless of sex, race or creed and
regulate the relations between workers and employers.
The State shall assure the rights of workers to self-
organization, collective bargaining, security of
tenure, and just and humane conditions of work.
-TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT OF SPECIAL WORKERS
• Article 83: The normal hours of work of any employee
shall not exceed eight (8) hours a day.
• prescribed by the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards.
(As amended by Section 3, Republic Act No. 6727, June 9, 1989)
• Standards/Criteria for minimum wage fixing
a. The demand for living wages;
b. Wage adjustment vis-à-vis the consumer price index;
c. The cost of living and changes or increases therein;
d. The needs of workers and their families;
e. The need to induce industries to invest in the countryside;
f. Improvements in standards of living;
g. The prevailing wage levels;
h. Fair return of the capital invested and capacity to pay of employers;
i. Effects on employment generation and family income; and
j. The equitable distribution of income and wealth along the imperatives
of economic and social
NCR a/ WO 17/June 3/Nov.1, 2012 P 419.00 - 456.00 P 419.00 P 419.00
CAR b/ WO 15/June 18, 2012 263.00 - 280.00 246.00 - 262.00 246.00 - 262.00
I c/ WO 15/July 25, 2012 233.00 - 253.00 233.00 205.00
II d/ WO 15/May 16, 2012 247.00 - 255.00 235.00 - 243.00 235.00 - 243.00
III e/ WO 17/October 11, 2012 285.00 - 336.00 270.00 - 306.00 258.00 - 290.00
IV-A f/ WO 15/May 15, 2012 255.00 - 349.50 251.00 - 324.50 231.00 - 304.50
IV-B g/ WO 05/Nov. 11, 2010 252.00 - 264.00 210.00 - 219.00 190.00 - 199.00
V h/ WO 15/ April 7, 2012 228.00 - 252.00 228.00 228.00
VI i/ WO 20/ May 31, 2012 235.00 - 277.00 245.00 235.00
VII j/ WO17/December 7, 2012 282.00 - 327.00 262.00 - 309.00 262.00 - 309.00
VIII k/ WO 17/October 16, 2012 260.00 235.00-241.00 220.50
IX l/ WO 17/ Nov. 25, 2011 267.00 242.00 222.00
X m/ WO 16/July 24, 2011 271.00 - 286.00 259.00 - 274.00 259.00 - 274.00
XI n/ WO 17/Jan. 1, 2012 301.00 291.00 291.00
XII o/ WO 17/April 18, 2012 270.00 248.00 243.00
XIII p/ WO 11/November 11, 2011 258.00 248.00 228.00
ARMM q/ WO 14/ September 21, 2012 232.00 232.00 232.00
-An Act providing for a P125
daily across-the board increase
in the salary rates of employees
and workers in the private
sector and for other purposes.
-introduced by AnakPawis
representative Rafael V.
Mariano and Bayan Muna
representative Teodoro A.
• According to the authors, the minimum wage has differed from
one region to another.
• After the May 10, 2010 elections, only P22 daily wage
increase has been given to NCR, from P382 to P404.
• Before the elections, in 2008 the true value of P382 is actually
P235, due to inflation.
• The Purchasing Power of the Peso has been constantly
eroded due to inflation. Since 2000 (base year of CPI), the
Philippine Peso has been eroded by 40%. What used to cost
60 centavos in 2000 is now P1 (as of 2010).
• The authors do not only blame inflation, but also the
government’s policy of privatization, deregulation and
liberalization that are the other causes of increasing prices of
basic commodities and utilities.
• Section 3: In line with the declared policy of this act, all
employers in the private sector, whether agricultural or
non-agricultural, regardless of capitalization and number
of employees shall pay their workers an across-the-board
wage increase in the sum of One Hundred and Twenty
Five Pesos (P125) a day upon the effectivity of this act.
• The bill is still
pending in Congress.
• Several business
groups, including The
Confederation of the
(ECOP), criticize the
bill because it is not
based, and the cost
of production of
goods and services
would rocket sky-
• In the process, companies which are unable to recover
the increased cost of production would have no other
choice but either to retrench or worse, close shop, or
simply go underground, rather than risk severe penal
• The biggest casualty of such magnitude of legislated
wage hike would be micro and small establishments.
• The root cause of the problem is
due to inflation.
• Unequal wage rates on different
provinces of the country.
• The State recognizes the need to protect the rights of
domestic workers against
abuse, harassment, violence, economic exploitation and
performance of work that is hazardous to their physical
and mental health; and
• The State, in protecting domestic workers and
recognizing their special needs to ensure safe and
healthful working conditions, promotes gender-sensitive
measures in the formulation and implementation of
policies and programs affecting the local domestic work.