Urban Design Park
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Urban Design Park

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Case study of parks in terms of Urban Design and their detailed comparison, including location, site analysis, urban values, urban principles etc.

Case study of parks in terms of Urban Design and their detailed comparison, including location, site analysis, urban values, urban principles etc.

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  • 1. COMPARATIVE STUDY: MAYUR PARK & RISHABH DEV UDHYAN PARK vs
  • 2. A.INTRODUCTION : RISHABH DEV UDHYAN PARK It was opened for public on 8, april,2000. The construction was completed in the same year itself. It is an important entity of public realm in shahpura area of bhopal.
  • 3. • Name of Park : Rishabh Dev Udhyan Park • Year of Construction: 1999-2000 • Area (Acre):1.89 • Cost (In lakhs): 3.91 • Timings: Winter Season: 6.00 AM to 9.00 AM, 3.00 PM to 8.00 PM Summer Season: 5.00 A.M. to 9.00 AM, 3.00 PM to 10.00 PM • Note: The park remains closed on Tuesdays.
  • 4. 1.LOCATION: PLAN Rishabh dev park is located at shahpura lake IN front of rainbow treat Restaurant. It is stretched in a linear fashion along the junction of the kolar road and the bitthan road.
  • 5. 2.SITE ANALYSIS : • KEY NATURAL FEATURE IS THE SHAHPURA LAKE WHICH COMPLIMENTS THE PARK. • ONE EDGE OF THE PARK IS ENCLOSED BY THE LAKE AND THE OTHER ADJACENT BOUNDARIES ARE TWO ROADS. • IT IS AT THE DISTANCE OF 3.7 KM FROM HABIBGANJ RAILWAY STATION AND 9.8 KM FROM BHOPAL JUNCTION • LOCATION OF THE SITE IS NEAR TO RCVP- NORONHA, ACADEMY OF ADMINISTRATION AND INSITITUTE OF HOTEL MANAGEMENT • JUST IN FRONT OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE PARK IS MANISHA MARKET AND TOP & TOWN. • ABUTTING THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF THE PARK, THERE ARE FOOD STALLS CALLED SHAHPURA CHAUPATTI.
  • 6. • ACCESSIBILTY THE PARK HAS TWO ENTRANCES -THE MAIN ENTRANCE IS FACING EAST OPENS AT THE BITTAN ROAD -THE ALTERNATE ENTRANCE IS SOUTH-FACING AND OPENS AT KOLAR ROAD
  • 7. • APPROACH TO THE PARK -FROM WEST, IT IS AT A DISTANCE OF 1.1 KM FROM KOLAR ROAD -FROM EAST, IT IS 600 METERS FROM AHILYA BAI CIRCLE -FROM NORTH, IT IS 2.1 KM AWAY FROM BITTHAN CIRCLE • THERE ARE TWO HOSPITALS IN THE IMMEDIATE VICINITY -SHEKHAR HOSPITAL WHICH IS 150 M EAST TO THE PARK -BANSAL HOSPITAL WHICH IS 200 M WEST TO THE PARK • IN FRONT OF THE ALTERNATE ENTRANCE OF THE PARK -THERE IS A ART AND CULTURAL INSTITUTE CALLED ABHIVYAKTI, ADJACENT TO ABHIVAKTI THERE IS A RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX CALLED AMALTASH.
  • 8. A.INTRODUCTION : MAYUR PARK From more than a decade Mayur Park is attracting visitors from the every corner of Bhopal. The timeless beauty and environment of the park appeals every eyes. The park acts as a shield and defends the city from the pollution. It gives charming look to the city if Bhopal.
  • 9. • Name of Park : Mayur Park • Year of Construction: 1974-75 • Area (Acre): 3.19 • Cost (In lakhs): 5.41 • Timings: Winter Season: 6.00 AM to 9.00 AM, 3.00 PM to 8.00 PM Summer Season: 5.00 A.M. to 9.00 AM, 3.00 PM to 10.00 PM • Note: The park remains closed on Wednesdays.
  • 10. 1.LOCATION: PLAN Mayur park is located at near Jai Prakash Hospital also known as 1250 hospital, main link road 1. It is stretched in a linear fashion along the junction of the link road 1.
  • 11. 2.SITE ANALYSIS : • APPROACH FROM ROAD: -NEW MARKET - 1.8 KM / 4 MINUTES -M.P. NAGAR – 2.6 KM / 7 MINUTES -D.B. MALL - 2.4 KM / 6 MINUTES -BHOPAL RAILWAY STATION – 7.2 KM/ 25 MINUTES
  • 12. 2.SITE ANALYSIS : • KEY NATURAL FEATURE IS THE CENTRAL LOCALITY OF THE PARK IN THE CITY WHICH IS WITHIN 500 MTS OF THE MOST POSH LOCALITIES IN BHOPAL. • SERVICES: -HOSPITALS- RED CROSS – 1.2 KM EAST JP HOSPITAL – 200 METRES EAST -ROSE NURSERY – 100 METRES ACROSS ROAD (NORTH) -PRAKASH TARUN PUSHKAR – ENTRANCE TO THE PARK -RESTAURANTS – AMER BAKERY – 240 METRES WEST -GYM – VISHAL FITNESS PLANET – 25O MTS WEST -SHOPPING – NEW MARKET - D.B. MALL - 7 NO. MARKET • SURROUNDING – NATURALLY LUSH GREEN WITH TREES OLDER THAN 30 YEARS OLD, VERY DENSE PLANTATION, PAVEMENT FOR PEDESTRIANS AND TRANSIT. • EDUCATION – MANIT – 3.2 KM
  • 13. • RELIGIOUS – BIRLA MANDIR – 3.3 KM • TOPOGRAPHY – NON-HILLY, UNIFORM FLAT LAND, ARTIFICIALLY CREATED SLOPE WITH THE HELP OF ROCKS. • ORIENTATION – ENTRANCE FROM THE EAST, LINK ROAD NO.1 IS ALONG THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM EAST TO WEST • BOUNDARIES – NORTHERN BOUNDARY – LINK ROAD NO. 1 SOUTHERN BOUNDARY – SERVANT QUARTERS EASTERN BOUNDARY – JP HOSPITAL AND LOCAL STREET WESTERN BOUNDARY – PRAKASH TARUN PUSHKAR
  • 14. B. SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
  • 15. 2.SIMILARITIES: A. PAVEMENTS MAYUR PARK RISHABH DEV PARK THE CHANNELS OF CIRCULATION PROVIDED IN BOTH THE PARKS ARE OF APPROXIMATELY SAME WIDTH AND CUSTOMARILY MOVE ALONG IN THE SAME CURVILINEAR FASHION WITHOUT ANY ABRUPT TURNS.
  • 16. B. ENCLOSURE TYPE- RISHABH DEV PARK The Rishabh Dev Park has enclosure by two local roads, bitthan road abuts the site from the east and Kolar road abuts it from the south and the rest of the park is enclosed by the shahpura lake.
  • 17. B. ENCLOSURE TYPE- MAYUR PARK The Mayur Park has enclosure by one main road, the link road which abuts most of it’s northern boundary and the other local road from the east. South boundary is enclosed by servant quarters and west by prakash Tarun pushkar.
  • 18. C. LEVEL DIFFERENCE(CHANGE OF LEVEL) MAYUR PARK RISHABH DEV PARK BOTH PARKS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY BELOW THE ROAD LEVEL (PHYSICAL ELEVATIONAL REFERENCE LEVEL FOR SITES), THAT IS APPROXIMATELY 45-60 CENTIMETERS
  • 19. D. VISUAL ISOLATION FROM SURROUNDINGS MAYUR PARK RISHABH DEV PARK BOTH PARKS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY BELOW THE ROAD LEVEL (PHYSICAL ELEVATIONAL REFERENCE LEVEL FOR SITES), THAT IS APPROXIMATELY 45-60 CENTIMETERS
  • 20. 2.DIFFERENCES: A. VISTA MAYUR PARK OFFERS ENCLOSED VISTA VIEW TO THE CUSTOMARY OBSERVER DUE TO THE VOLUPTUOUS FLORA BLOCKING THE VIEW OF THE NEARBY SURROUNDINGS AND REVERTING THE OBSERVER’S FOCUS BACK TO THE MAIN NODE(INTENSIVE ACTIVITY AREA) CREATING A SENSE OF INTERACTIVITY.
  • 21. 2.DIFFERENCES: A. VISTA RISHAB DEV PARK OFFERS AN INTENSIVE EXTROVERTED VISTA TO THE CUSTOMARY OBSERVER AND ATTRACTS ATTENTION AWAY FROM THE INTERACTIONS INTO THE SERENITY OF THE LAKE AS THE VIEW OF THE NEARBY SURROUNDINGS AND FAR BEYOND THE LAKE ARE CLEARLY VISIBLE CREATING A SENSE OF PROJECTED VIEW.
  • 22. 2.DIFFERENCES: B. SENSE OF PLACE DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF WATER BODY AND FOUNTAINS THE FEELING ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOCATION IS MORE SPIRITUAL, SERENE, CALM AND PEACEFUL.
  • 23. 2.DIFFERENCES: B. SENSE OF PLACE MAYUR PARK-ENCLOSED VISTA ENCOURAGES MORE OF A PLAYFUL, INTERACTIVE SENSE AS THE OBSERVER IS NOT DISTRACTED FROM ANY SCENIC VIEW, HENCE THE FEELING ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOCATION IS OF EXCITEMENT AND BLISS.
  • 24. 2.DIFFERENCES: C. PLAN DIFFERENCES MAYUR PARK HAS A ROUGHLY RECTANGULAR PLAN, THEREFORE OFFERS BETTER CIRCULATION AND IS BUILT ON A LARGE SCALE AS VOLUPTUOUS ENVIRONMENT DOMINATES THE OBSERVER’S ENVIRONMENT.
  • 25. C. PLAN DIFFERENCES RISHABH PARK HAS MORE OF A COMPACT, LINEAR PLAN. IT HAS MORE OF A PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED DESIGN. AS, THE OBSERVER MOVES TO EXPLORE THE UNSEEN PART OF THE PARK. IT IS BUILT AT HUMAN SCALE WITH NO OVERLY-VOLUPTUOUS FLORA TO DOMINATE HUMAN PRESENCE.
  • 26. D. PLANTSCAPE AND RHYTHM MAYUR PARK HAS MORE PLANT VARIETY AND RHYTHMIC PATTERN ALMOST THROUGHOUT THE PATHWAY. THE OBSERVER EYES ALWAYS CATCH A GLIMPSE OF A PICTURESQUE CLUSTER OF RHYTHMIC PATTERN OF PLANTATION AT FROM EVERY POINT OF THE PARK.
  • 27. D. PLANTSCAPE AND RHYTHM REPETITIVE PATTERN AND RHYTHM CAN BE OBSERVED IN RISHABH PARK. THE PLANTATION CAN BE MONOTONOUS AT SOME AREAS OF THE PARK WITH SIMILAR PATTERNS AND TALLER SHRUBS BLOCK THE VIEW OF THE VISTA FROM AROUND THE PARK.
  • 28. E.ACCESSIBILTY AND PARKING RISHABH PARK HAS A DOWN SLOPED ENTRY INTO IT AND IS ACCESSIBLE ONLY AFTER A U-TURN AND A TRAFFIC LIGHT. NO SPACE HAS BEEN PROVIDED FOR SAFE PARKING OF VEHICLES JUST AN ABRUPT ENTRY.
  • 29. E.ACCESSIBILTY AND PARKING ENTRANCE INTO THE PARK STARTS AFTER A 40 MTS SETBACK FOR COMFORTABLE PARKING OF ATLEAST 20 MEDIUM-SIZED VEHICLES. STAIRS ARE PLACED FAR AWAY FROM EACH OTHER FOR EASE OF ENTRANCE FOR CHILDREN, THE ELDERLY AND THE PATIENTS OF NEARBY HOSPITALS. PARKING OF 40 MTS. ENTRANCE
  • 30. B.URBAN DESIGN VALUES & PRINCIPLES INHERENT IN THE PARKS • PLATFORM FOR PUBLIC INTERACTIONS: RISHABH DEV PARK AND MAYUR PARK ARE SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC PLACES FOR SOCIAL GATHERINGS AND INTERACTIONS. THE LOCATION OF RISHABH PARK MAKES IT A RARE, UNIQUE WORK OF SCENIC BEAUTY, HENCE ATTRACTS THE PUBLIC WHILE MAYUR PARK HAS THE ADVANTAGE OF BEING IN THE HEART OF THE URBAN AREA AND A LARGE SCALE PUBLIC PLACE AS WELL.
  • 31. • LANDSCAPE AS BUILT INFRASTRUCTURE: BOTH THE PARKS HAVE NECESSARY STREETSCAPE, STREET FURNITURE, SUBDIVISION PLAN ALONG WITH THE TRADITIONAL LANDSCAPE WHICH AFFECT THE PUBLIC REALM IN A POSITIVE WAY DISPLAYING THE URBAN DESIGN VALUE OF BEING A GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE. WHILE MAYUR PARK PROVIDES A SAFE, ATTRACTIVE PUBLIC REALM WHICH SERVES AS A WELL- DEVELOPED, POLLUTION FREE PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED AREA. WHEREAS RISHABH PARK IMPARTS REMARKABLE BEAUTY TO THE CITYSCAPE IN CONTRAST TO LARGE CONCRETE JUNGLES IN THE KOLAR REGION, ADDS A SPIRITUAL DIMENSION TO THE LIFE OF THE PUBLIC RESIDING NEARBY. • COMMUNITY SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL STRENGTH: IT PROVIDES AN INTERACTING PLATFORM FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC INCLUDING THE ELDERLY AND THE CHILDREN, HENCE PROMOTING SOCIAL GATHERINGS AND EMOTIONAL OUTLET FOR THE ELDERLY BY ALWAYS PUMPING ENERGY AND FRESHNESS TO THE HEALTH OF THE CITY.
  • 32. • YOUTH HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT: THE YOUTH IS ENCOURAGED TO PLAY SPORTS AND GET INVOLVED IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES SUCH AS WALKING, HENCE PROMOTING PHYSICAL HEALTH BY DISCOURAGING SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE. • ENVIRONMENTAL VALUE: BOTH PARKS COME UNDER BUFFER ZONE IN THE BHOPAL MASTER PLAN BECAUSE THE FLORA NEAR THE MOST BUSY ROAD IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE AND VALUE, AS THEY BOTH REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF VEHICULAR EMISSIONS BECAUSE OF THEIR STRATEGIC PLACEMENT NEAR BUSY JUNCTION ROADS AND DESIGN.
  • 33. • Density, diversity and mix :Creating resiliency and reducing the carbon footprint of urban development and maximizes the active use of space and land. • Pedestrians are prioritized: These parks prioritize walking as the preferred mode of travel, as it is a defining component of a healthy quality of life. • Transit-oriented Reduce car-dependency and encourage the alternative modes of transportation – namely walking, cycling, and transit – result in more sustainable urban environments, and in an improved quality of life. Urban neighbourhoods develop in a way that is transit supportive. • Place-making : They create a strong sense of belonging or identity which are integral to community life and the public realm. • Both the parks also conserve and enhance the health of natural systems (including climate) and areas of environmental significance, and manage the impacts of climate change. B.URBAN DESIGN PRINCIPLES INHERENT IN THE PARKS:
  • 34. • These parks enhance the effectiveness, efficiency and safety of their technical and industrial systems and processes, including their manufacturing, transportation, communications and construction infrastructure and systems to increase their energy efficiency, and reduce their environmental footprint of industries like bhel. B.URBAN DESIGN PRINCIPLES INHERENT IN THE PARKS:
  • 35. • MAYUR PARK IS DESIGNED IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT HAS SLOPE IN IT’S PERIPHERY AND FLAT GROUND IN THE CENTRE FOCAL POINT WHICH ENCOURAGES PEOPLE TO SIT ON THE GROUND RATHER THAN ON BENCHES, INSPITE OF THE FACT THAT CHAIRS ARE PROVIDED AROUND THIS CENTRAL AREA AND FOCAL POINT IS THE FLAT MAIN NODAL GROUND. • EFFECT : CHILDREN PLAY IN THE CENTRAL AREA WHILE THE PEOPLE WATCH THEM SEATED ON THE ELEVATED SLOPES, EXACTLY LIKE A STADIUM FUNCTIONS. THE THEME OF THE PARK IS NATURAL STADIUM. C. HOW DO URBAN DESIGN AND FORM AFFECT THE WAY PEOPLE USE THEIR PLACES?
  • 36. • RISHAB DEV PARK IS DESIGNED IN SMALL SECTIONS SCATTERED LONGITUDINALLY ALONG THE KOLAR ROAD SUCH THAT THE INTERVISIBILITY OF ALL THE SECTIONS FROM ONE POINT IS NOT POSSIBLE, • EFFECT : IT PRODUCES PRODUCES STRIKING VISTA VIEWS, ENCOURAGES PEOPLE TO EXPLORE UNSEEN PART OF THE PARK AND PRODUCES PRIVACY FOR SOME PEOPLE WHO PREFER ISOLATION AND PEACE UNLIKE MAYUR PARK WHERE PRIVACY IS NOT POSSIBLE AT RUSH HOURS. THEREFORE, RISHABH PARK PROVIDES BETTER ISOLATED LEISURE TIME.
  • 37. • MAYUR PARK : THE LOCATION OF DIFFERENT SERVICES AND TRANSPORTATION ROUTES AND STOPS, PRESENCE OF RESTAURANT, SWIMMING POOL, GYMNASIUM AND J.P. HOSPITAL MAKES THE PARK A HOTSPOT FOR RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES, INTERACTIVE GATHERINGS. • RISHAB DEV PARK : THE PARK PROVIDES AN ESCAPE FROM THE REAL WORLD, OR ATLEAST THE CONCRETE JUNGLE OF THE KOLAR RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES IN TO THE PRESENCE OF SERENCE WATER BODY IN THEIR IMMEDIATE VICINITY, “SHAHPURA LAKE” • IT IS THESE FACTORS THAT MAKE SUCCESSFUL NURTURES OF PUBLIC REALM, IMPROVE CITYSCAPE AND HENCE, THE OVERALL APPEAL OF THE CITY. D. NON-DESIGN FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE USE OF THESE PARKS
  • 38. ALTHOUGH BOTH PARKS HAD THEIR OWN PROS AND CONS BUT KEEPING IN MIND THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR, THAT IS, SAFETY AND CLEANLINESS, WE LIKED MAYUR PARK MORE DUE TO THE FOLLOWING REASONS: • BETTER DESIGN AND INTERACTION SPACE, INCLUDING THE FUNCTIONAL SPACES SUCH AS CURVILINEAR PATHS, SMOOTH, TENDER SLOPES, ENCLOSED VISTA GAVE A MORE SECURED FEELING FOR PUBLIC WITH THEIR OFFSPRINGS, RATHER THAN NEAR A LAKE. • BETTER TRANSIT AND LOCATION OF THE PARK, WITH BETTER PARKING FACILITIES, MORE SPACE TO ENJOY AND RELATIVELY LARGE SETBACKS TO CUT-OFF TRAFFIC SOUNDS (ACOUSTICALLY BETTER THAN RISHAB DEV PARK, DUE TO A VARIETY OF PLANT SPECIES USED IN PLANTATION, FOR EXAMPLE : - INDIAN ROSEWOOD, SNAKE PLANT ETC.) E. WHICH OF THE TWO WE LIKED BETTER AND WHY?
  • 39. • RISHAB DEV PARK IS NOT PLEASANT ENOUGH DESPITE THE PRESENCE OF THE LAKE DUE TO POOR SEWAGE DISPOSAL PRACTICES, SOME SECTIONS OF THE PARK REEKS OF BAD SMELL AND UNHYGIENIC WASTE DISPOSAL. • IT IS THIS CONTAMINATION OF THE LAKE WATER WITH GARBAGE THAT PUTS ADVERSE EFFECTS ON THE PARK’S ENVIRONMENT AND HENCE ON THE LOCAL CLIMATE AND CLEANLINESS.
  • 40. THANK YOU