The political situation of subcontinent


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The political situation of subcontinent

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The political situation of subcontinent

  1. 1. IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN Assignment: The political situation of subcontinentSubmitted by; Abdul Qadoos khan (2010-1142)
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTa) Hindi Urdu controversyb) Arya Smaj a) Khilafat movementc) Dar-Uloom-i-Deoband b) Non cooperationd) Anjuman-i-Himayat-i- Movement islam Lahore c) Hijerat movemente) Formation of AINC d) Chauri Chaura Tragedyf) All India Muslim League e) Simon commissiong) The partition of Bengal f) Nehru Reporth) The congress- League g) Quaid fourteen points pact or Lucknow pact of h) Round table conferences 1916 i) Government of India Act,i) Montage-chelmsford 1935 reforms 1919 j) 1937 elections and Congress ministries
  3. 3. HINDI URDU CONTROVERSY Urdo was intoduced as an official language of the subcontenent in 1825 which arrouse Hindu antagonism against Urdu In 1867 Hindi Urdu controversy campaigning was started in Banaras. This was the first apple of discord which was sown among the two communities of subcontinent
  4. 4. HINDI URDU CONTROVERSY Hindu demonstrated against urdu and demanded it replacement with Hindi Urdu was slowly scraped by Hindi with the help of British rulers
  5. 5. ARYA SMAJ In 1877 Arya smaaj was established Its main motto was to convert those Muslim who were Hindu but change their religion to Islam
  6. 6. DAR-ULOOM-I-DEOBAND Start Functioning from 14 april 1866 in a small mosque of sarhang. Jamiat ul ulma I hind was the political production of Deoband Jamiat was the supporter of the political philosophy of Congress till the Foundation of Pakistan
  7. 7. DAR-ULOOM-I-DEOBAND Jamiat ul ulma I Islam was the an other product of Deoband Supporter of the Pakistan movement
  8. 8. ANJUMAN-I-HIMAYAT-I-ISLAM LAHORE Established on 24th september 1884 in Lahore Islamia colleges in all over pakistan are the invention of Anjuman Muthi bhar Ata scheem was started in the streets of lahore for financial support
  9. 9. FORMATION OF AINC The Indian National Congress was established in 1888 Allan Octavian Hume was the founder of NIC and a former secrtory of the Govt of India AINC was the voice of nation i.e hindus and muslims in theory but was not in practical
  10. 10. ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE Established in 30 December 1906 in the Daca The delegation was engineered by the principle of Ali Garh college Mr. Archbold
  11. 11. OBJECTIVES OF AIML Foster a sense of loyelty to British Government Lookofter the political interest of Muslims of India To bring about better understanding between Muslims and other communities
  12. 12. OBJECTIVE OF FOUNDATION OF AIML & INC Both foundation of political parties of subcontenent were the ideas and support of British rulers It main purpose was to established and attempts to sow the seeds of conflicts among the two nations
  13. 13. PURPOSE OF FOUNDATION OF AIML & INCThe two main pupose of producing political parties of in subcontenent was that at one side British want political development in IndiaAnd the second one was that Indulging the electoral in dividing to prolong their ruling in india
  14. 14. THE PARTITION OF BENGAL The partition schem was announced on 1st september of 1905 Bengal was one of the biggest province of British India from population point of view The new province called eastern Bengal and Assam The partition was cancelled in 1911 on behalf INC
  15. 15.  The congress was not in the favor of partition According to their thinking it was the dividing the Indian nation
  16. 16. THE CONGRESS- LEAGUE PACT OR LUCKNOWPACT OF 1916 In december 1916 INC and AIML for the first time in the history of india, held their joint session in Lucknow presided by Muhmmad Ali Jinnah At that time Jinnah was the ambassador of unity of both communities
  17. 17. IMPORTANT RECOMNDATION OF LUCKNOWPACT Formulate the ways of election both in provincial as well as in central legislative Reservation of seats in those provencies in which muslims are in minorities And also election will b held on separate basis Protection of minorities in majority provinces
  18. 18. MONTAGE-CHELMSFORD REFORMS 1919 Bicameral ligeslative was established in the centre, combination of upper house ( Council of State) the Lower house (Central legislative) The Uper house member was elected for 5 years and the lower house for 3 years Separate election was retained for the Muslims
  19. 19. KHILAFAT MOVEMENT When the first world war broke out on July 28, in 1914 the Ottoman Empire fight against the allies . Allies were consist of France Russia and Britain Sultan Abdul Majid was the ruler at that time of Khilafat The first world war ended with the allies emerging as conqurer
  20. 20. KHILAFAT COMMITTEE Hakim Ajmal Khan and Dr. M.A Ansari formed a khilafat conference in 1918 and make commmitte for the maintannce of peace in Muslim countries Ali Brothers were the main figure of that committee
  21. 21. NON COOPERATION MOVEMENT IN December 1920 congress and khilafat combindly start non cooperation movement Gandhi was the person behind the idea of non cooperation movement While Quaid E Azam was not in the favor of Non cooperation movement Quaid E Azam resign from Congress in 13 April 1923
  22. 22. HIJERAT MOVEMENT Mulana Abu al kalam and Maulana Abdul Bari issued Fatwa that India was a Dar-ul- Harb ( home of War) Nearly eigteen thousand muslims left their houses and migrated to Afghanistan
  23. 23. CHAURI CHAURA TRAGEDY The people of chauri chura start procession in 1922, and refused to pay govt taxes The protester fired at a police station and burnt 21 police persons alive After this incident Gandhi call off non cooperation movement
  24. 24. IMPACTS OF KHILAFAT MOVEMENT Gandhi’s unilateral decision of calling off non cooperative movement did irreparable damage to khilafat movement The failure of khilafat movment brought an end to the muslim hindu unity which was the result of great efforts of Quaid in lacknow pact
  25. 25. SIMON COMMISSION In 1927 the British governament appointed a commission under Sir John Simon to report on the constitutional progress of India for introducing more reforms Congress and a section of league headed by Quaid was not in the favor to corporate with the commission
  26. 26. NEHRU REPORT After the failure of Simon commission, Moti Lal Nehru presented a scheme for the constitutional reforms which was published in August 1928 called as Nehru report
  27. 27. RECOMMENDATIONS OF NEHRU Self governing Separate elctorat replaced to joint electorat sindh shuld be separated from mumbi Foreign affairs, defense and army should be place under the controlled of parliament and viceroy Hindi should be made as an Official Language
  28. 28. QUAID FOURTEEN POINTS In reply to Nehru repots Quaid decided to give his own formula for the constitutional reforms in the meeting of Muslim league in 1929
  29. 29. IMPORTENT FEATURES OF FOURTEEN POINTS Constitution should b federal and the residuary powers vested in the provinces In the central legeslative muslimes representation should not be less than one third There should be one third representation of muslims in both assemblies i.e in provincial as well as in central cabinet
  30. 30. ROUND TABLE CONFERENCES The simon commission report was published in March, 1930 The report invited criticism from all parties of the india and congress in its annual meeting decided to launch a disobedience movement under Gandhi leadership in april, 1930 The govt however did not in the favor to confront the political parties so decided to hold a round table conference in which all parties are invited to present their point of view
  31. 31. FIRST ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE The first session of round table conference began in London on 12th November,1930 All parties form all over India were represented except Congress Approval of the federal system for India Ended on 19th January, 1931 The British prime minister issued a statement that the govt had accepted the proposal for full responsible govt in the provinces and in federal system in the center
  32. 32. SECOND ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE From 7th September 1931 to 1st December 1931 in London Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Gandhi were the main personalities in this conference Minority issues are discussed in the 2nd round conference Ended with out any conclusion due to Gandhi rigid attitude towards minorities
  33. 33. THIRD ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE began on 17th November and ended on 24th November 1932 Gandhi started civil disobedience movement once again and congress was not presented in the conference Its ended without any solution of the two communities
  34. 34. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935 Round table conferences ended without any solution to the problems of india but it illustrated the major problems of the Indian people and the government sought out the solution of the problems on the name Government of India act 1935
  35. 35. SILENT RECOMMENDATIONS OF ACT Fedral system was introduced in Act More authorities to the provinces India divided in 11 parts or provinces Responsible parliamentary system was introduced Special power was given to the governor of the province for the protection of the rights of minorities
  36. 36. 1937 ELECTIONS AND CONGRESS MINISTRIES Under 1935 act provincial election were held. There were 1771 provincial seats of the provincial assemblies which were to be filled by the election Congress ahieved a big victory and managed to get clear majority in five provinces Congress took office in 8 provinces
  37. 37. CONGRESS ATROCITIES ON THE MUSLIMS1. bande matram2. Wardha scheme3. Hoisting of the three coloured flag4. Widdia mander scheme5. Hindu Muslim riots6. Muslim mass contact