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Agriculture, China Food Rocks!
Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China <ul><li>Comparable to USDA </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Academy of ...
Some History <ul><li>1949 Grain Output: 113.18 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>1949 Cotton Output: 444,000 tons </li></ul><...
Some History <ul><li>1978 - Household Contract Responsibility System </li></ul><ul><li>Dismantle Commune System </li></ul>...
Some History <ul><li>Rise of Township Enterprises correlates with development of Ag. Economy </li></ul><ul><li>1987 Townsh...
 
1999 6.6 Kg 17 Kg 50 Kg Milk Eggs Meat Annual Average Per Person
2006 Ag. Output (10th 5-year) Million Tons % Increase from 2005
More Info <ul><li>2006 Grain Acreage: 105.38 Million Hectares </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock Industry Developing </li></ul><u...
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences <ul><li>Est. 1957, to “empower farmers with science and technology” </li></ul><ul...
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences <ul><li>38 Research Institutes, 17 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Only PhD program i...
Problems <ul><li>1.6 Billion People by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security </li></ul><ul><li>Environment, Resource Stress...
Organic Agriculture (Rocks!) <ul><li>Ministry of Agriculture (2002) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green China Organic Food Certifi...
Main Organic Products <ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>“ Seriously constrained by arable land and irrigation water, the breakthrough of science and technology is the onl...
References <ul><li>http://www.caas.net.cn/engforcaas/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/china/Agricult...
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China Ag

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Transcript of "China Ag"

  1. 1. Agriculture, China Food Rocks!
  2. 2. Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China <ul><li>Comparable to USDA </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some History <ul><li>1949 Grain Output: 113.18 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>1949 Cotton Output: 444,000 tons </li></ul><ul><li>Land Reform, rural areas 1950 - 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>First Five-Year Plan 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>1958 - 1978 Centralized management, inefficient </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some History <ul><li>1978 - Household Contract Responsibility System </li></ul><ul><li>Dismantle Commune System </li></ul><ul><li>1985 - Eliminated State Monopoly of the Purchase and Marketing of Ag. Products </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in Commodity Production </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1985: Cash Crops Up, Grain Down </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some History <ul><li>Rise of Township Enterprises correlates with development of Ag. Economy </li></ul><ul><li>1987 Townships exceed Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Towns promote integration of Urban and Rural Areas </li></ul><ul><li>1990 $13 Billion Exports </li></ul><ul><li>(23.8% of Nat. Gross Value of Foreign Exchange earned from exports) </li></ul>
  6. 7. 1999 6.6 Kg 17 Kg 50 Kg Milk Eggs Meat Annual Average Per Person
  7. 8. 2006 Ag. Output (10th 5-year) Million Tons % Increase from 2005
  8. 9. More Info <ul><li>2006 Grain Acreage: 105.38 Million Hectares </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock Industry Developing </li></ul><ul><li>Per Capita Net Annual Income of Farms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1978 134 Yuan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999 2210 Yuan </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences <ul><li>Est. 1957, to “empower farmers with science and technology” </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural and Rural Development </li></ul><ul><li>Solving Problems of National and Regional Importance </li></ul>
  10. 11. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences <ul><li>38 Research Institutes, 17 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Only PhD program in Ag Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>5 Key Crop Variety Improvement Centers </li></ul><ul><li>22 National and Ministerial Level Labs </li></ul><ul><li>17 National and Ministerial Commodity Quality Supervision and Testing Centers </li></ul>
  11. 12. Problems <ul><li>1.6 Billion People by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security </li></ul><ul><li>Environment, Resource Stress </li></ul>
  12. 13. Organic Agriculture (Rocks!) <ul><li>Ministry of Agriculture (2002) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green China Organic Food Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NO! genetic engineering, chemical pesticides, chemical fertilizers, growth regulators, feed additives or other substances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>31 Certifying Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>2.1 Million Hectares Certified as of 2006 </li></ul>
  13. 14. Main Organic Products <ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy </li></ul><ul><li>Animal </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry </li></ul><ul><li>Bee </li></ul><ul><li>Aquatic </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Spices </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>“ Seriously constrained by arable land and irrigation water, the breakthrough of science and technology is the only way to realize our national agricultural objectives.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Jiang Zemin </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. References <ul><li>http://www.caas.net.cn/engforcaas/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/china/Agriculture/t.156886.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=zh-CN&u=http://www.agri.gov.cn/&sa=X&oi=translate&resnum=6&ct=result&prev=/search%3Fq%3D%2Bchina%2Bministry%2Bof%2Bagriculture%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DG </li></ul>
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