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China Ag

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Transcript

  • 1. Agriculture, China Food Rocks!
  • 2. Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China
    • Comparable to USDA
    • Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • 3. Some History
    • 1949 Grain Output: 113.18 million tons
    • 1949 Cotton Output: 444,000 tons
    • Land Reform, rural areas 1950 - 1953
    • First Five-Year Plan 1953
    • 1958 - 1978 Centralized management, inefficient
  • 4. Some History
    • 1978 - Household Contract Responsibility System
    • Dismantle Commune System
    • 1985 - Eliminated State Monopoly of the Purchase and Marketing of Ag. Products
    • Increase in Commodity Production
    • Since 1985: Cash Crops Up, Grain Down
  • 5. Some History
    • Rise of Township Enterprises correlates with development of Ag. Economy
    • 1987 Townships exceed Farming
    • Towns promote integration of Urban and Rural Areas
    • 1990 $13 Billion Exports
    • (23.8% of Nat. Gross Value of Foreign Exchange earned from exports)
  • 6.  
  • 7. 1999 6.6 Kg 17 Kg 50 Kg Milk Eggs Meat Annual Average Per Person
  • 8. 2006 Ag. Output (10th 5-year) Million Tons % Increase from 2005
  • 9. More Info
    • 2006 Grain Acreage: 105.38 Million Hectares
    • Livestock Industry Developing
    • Per Capita Net Annual Income of Farms
      • 1978 134 Yuan
      • 1999 2210 Yuan
  • 10. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    • Est. 1957, to “empower farmers with science and technology”
    • Agricultural and Rural Development
    • Solving Problems of National and Regional Importance
  • 11. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    • 38 Research Institutes, 17 provinces
    • Only PhD program in Ag Sciences
    • 5 Key Crop Variety Improvement Centers
    • 22 National and Ministerial Level Labs
    • 17 National and Ministerial Commodity Quality Supervision and Testing Centers
  • 12. Problems
    • 1.6 Billion People by 2030
    • Food Security
    • Environment, Resource Stress
  • 13. Organic Agriculture (Rocks!)
    • Ministry of Agriculture (2002)
      • Green China Organic Food Certification
        • NO! genetic engineering, chemical pesticides, chemical fertilizers, growth regulators, feed additives or other substances
    • 31 Certifying Agencies
    • 2.1 Million Hectares Certified as of 2006
  • 14. Main Organic Products
    • Vegetables
    • Fruit
    • Tea
    • Dairy
    • Animal
    • Poultry
    • Bee
    • Aquatic
    • Medicines
    • Wildlife
    • Spices
  • 15.
    • “ Seriously constrained by arable land and irrigation water, the breakthrough of science and technology is the only way to realize our national agricultural objectives.”
      • President Jiang Zemin
  • 16. References
    • http://www.caas.net.cn/engforcaas/index.htm
    • http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/china/Agriculture/t.156886.htm
    • http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=zh-CN&u=http://www.agri.gov.cn/&sa=X&oi=translate&resnum=6&ct=result&prev=/search%3Fq%3D%2Bchina%2Bministry%2Bof%2Bagriculture%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DG