Bicycles In China

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Bicycles In China

  1. 1. Bicycles in China By: Jake Lau
  2. 2. The Early Years <ul><li>Modern bicycle invented ~1860s. </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Port Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Military use? </li></ul>http://www.eva.hi-ho.ne.jp
  3. 3. The Early Years http://www.bicyclekingdom.com <ul><li>1st Chinese cartoon with bicycle </li></ul><ul><li>Discourages the use </li></ul><ul><li>Still too foreign </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Early Years <ul><li>Rickshaws </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycles too expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Disgraceful </li></ul>http://www.yican.com.au
  5. 5. The Early Years <ul><li>1890’s first Chinese cyclists appear </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Businessmen, journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy youth </li></ul>http://www.geekologie.com http://www.briefcases.us http://www.acrylics.ca
  6. 6. The Early Years <ul><li>A break in culture </li></ul><ul><li>More western products </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai was a major bike importer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly high quality or racing bikes </li></ul></ul>http://portwatch.files.wordpress.com http://www.loiclemeur.com
  7. 7. Popularity Increases <ul><li>1899 – Suzhou prohibits cycling in narrow streets </li></ul>www.vosssigns.com
  8. 8. Popularity Increases <ul><li>More imports brings price down </li></ul><ul><li>Different kinds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul></ul>http://i.treehugger.com
  9. 9. Popularity Increases <ul><li>The other market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sing-song girls </li></ul></ul>http://www.geekologie.com
  10. 10. Popularity Increases <ul><li><10,000 in 1925 </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 in 1930 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Postmen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Shanghai starts production </li></ul><ul><li>1930-1940s bikes reach rural China </li></ul>http://www.auburnhills.org
  11. 11. Popularity Increases <ul><li>1949 – People’s Republic of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bikes are supported by government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-year-plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1958 China has 1,000,000 bikes! </li></ul><ul><li>Street planning with bike lanes </li></ul>http://www.cba.csus.edu Subsidies
  12. 12. Bicycles in China Today <ul><li>Red means GO? </li></ul>http://www.smh.com.au http://timesonline.typepad.com
  13. 13. Bicycles in China Today <ul><li>Bike Lanes? </li></ul><ul><li>Who uses them? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bikes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trucks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery tricycles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Motocycles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For what? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Driving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making a cell phone call. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming? </li></ul></ul></ul>http://www.treehugger.com http://www.eskimo.com
  14. 14. Bicycles in China Today <ul><li>Rent bicycles </li></ul>http://picasaweb.google.com
  15. 15. Bicycles in China Today http://yeinjee.com
  16. 16. Bicycles in China Today <ul><li>2003 - 105 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>73 million in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>58% of world market </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Will the Car Replace the Bicycle? <ul><li>… </li></ul>blog.wired.com
  18. 18. Will the Car Replace the Bicycle? http://www.flatrock.org.nz
  19. 19. The End
  20. 20. The End <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Peter S. Goodman. March 8, 2004. Car Culture Captivates China. Washington Post Foreign Page A01 </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Ritchie and Rob van der Plas (Eds.), Cycle History 13. Proceedings, 13th International Cycling History Conference. San Francisco: Van der Plas Publications 2003, S. 94-102. </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Mygatt. (2005) Bicycle Production Remains Strong Worldwide. Earth Policy Institute. http://www.earth-policy.org/Indicators/Bike/2005.htm </li></ul>

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