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Professional ethics with values education

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  • 1. Professional Ethics with Values Education Prepared by: Anne Lauriz C. Aclan For the National College of Science and Technology 1st semester 2012-2013
  • 2. Brief History of NCST • The National College of Science and History was born in the historic and progressive town of Dasmarinas Cavite in 1998. As a brain child of then 23-year old visionary entrepreneur, Emerson B. Atanacio, the college has slowly yet steadily carved its niche in the fast growing and very competitive educational arena not only in Cavite but also in the entire CALABARZON region. With an initial enrollment of 550 students in 1998, the College has now increased ten times from its original number in all its regular programs • The college has been faithful in its mission to produce industry responsive graduates; thus it has ventured into its “first institutionally developed course offering” in 2005 – the Certificate in Manufacturing Technology and the Diploma in Production Technology being offered by the NCST Institute of Industrial Research and Training (NCST IIRT). The said course apply the dual training modality that trains the students in two areas of learning – the school and the industryProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 3. Vision • The National College of Science and Technology envision of becoming one of the nation’s leading technological education institutions with the campuses in various areas in the country. The National College of Science and Technology in response to the commercial and industrial sector’s need of highly professional and skilled manpower provides advanced technology and industry-based education. It also sets the standards of proficiency and competency compatible to the demands of industry, enduring positive work values, competitiveness and quality among its graduatesProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 4. Mission • The National College of Science and Technology undertakes the responsibility of providing the country with quality graduates, who are equipped with industry responsive knowledge and skills and are founded with underpinning values of love, justice, mutual respect and peace. As the Philippines achieves its newly industrialized country status, the National College of Science and Technology is committed to provide Total Quality education and Skills Enhancement programs in the field of science and technology that serves as an instrument in improving the Filipino’s quality of life.Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 5. NCST’s 5Ms • MAKADIYOS • MAKABAYAN • MAPAGMALASAKIT • MAY PAGKAKAISA • MAKAKALIKASANProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 6. NCST MANTRA “I am Proud to be a member of the NCST Family. I will excel for God, for Country and for NCST. Gagawin ko ang tama may nakakakita man o wala. Tutulungan ko ang aking sarili at tutulungan ko rin ang aking kapwa”Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 7. Ethics - Origin • Ethics is derived from the Greek word ethicos or that which pertains to ethos the English translation of which is “custom”, “characteristic way of acting”, or “habit” • The Latin equivalent is mos, mores from which come the word moral and moralityProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 8. Ethics - Origin • It was the Greek Philosophers who started the study of Ethics. Among those notable are  Socrates – “knowing what is right is doing what is right”; a person can act correctly and well if he knows what is a good life; evil is done out of ignorance  Plato – the life of reason is the happiest and the best form of life; if one wants to be happy, one should be a harmonious man: a man of virtue; ethics is a matter of nature --- virtues are innate to us  Aristotle – ethics is a matter of planning, purpose and decision: a matter of character  Socrates was regarded as the Father of moral Philosophy  Aristotle has greatly influenced ethical thinking with three important treatises – The Nicomachean Ethics, the Eudemian Ethics and the Magna Moralia (Great Ethics)Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 9. Definition of Ethics • There are several definitions of Ethics • Ethics is defined as – The practical science of the morality of human conduct – The philosophical science dealing with the morality of human acts – The science of the morality of human acts – The study of man as a moral being, one who is rationally able to distinguish between right and wrong – Ethics is concerned with morality, the quality which makes an act good or evil, correct or wrong – Ethics is concerned with the norms of human behaviorProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 10. Ethics: The science of the Morality of Human Acts  Human act – are actions done intentionally and freely like walking, reading, working, playing, shopping, joining a contest or signing a contract  Acts of man – are instinctive, such as the physiological and psychological movements like breathing, feeling happy, or falling in love  Ethics does not study what man cannot control, but they look at acts of man as factors affecting man’s judgment and violations  Ethics examines how man is accountable for his actions and its consequences.  Ethics proposes how man ought to live his life - meaningfullyProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 11. Ethics: The Art of Correct Living  Art provides what is orderly and harmonious in an art work, Ethic does the same for our everyday lives  Ethics is the art of correct living for Ethics teaches us how we may put order and harmony in our lives.  It is a practical science – it is beneficial only when its truths are put into practice as rules of conducts  Every one is expected to be decent and trustworthy, deviating from it causes chaos and disarray  Morality is not only necessary to a person but also to a society “Without civic morality, communities perish; without personal morality their survival has no value”(Bertrand Russell) – when people do not accept the rule of law society crumblesProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 12. Ethics and Religion  Ethics and religion are both concerned with moral education but they differ from each other  Ethics is a science and relies on reasons for its conclusion  Religion is a system of beliefs and practices based on faith and revelation or truths revealed to Man by God.  Ethics teaches the value of religion, presenting it as a duty of man towards the Supreme being  Religion as an organized church or institution, contributes to the development of ethical thought.Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 13. Ethical Norms and Laws  Laws  Human laws regulate external actions, but not thoughts or feelings  Sometimes legalizes immoral acts hence “what is legal is not necessarily moral”  Ethical norms  Covers thoughts and feelings thus a person could sin because of what he thinks or desires.  It is not sufficient to do good, one must be sincere in doing what is goodProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 14. Ethical Approaches  ATHEISTIC APPROACH  Assumes that only matter exists and man is responsible only to the State since there is no God who rules the universe  Morality is an invention of man to suit his requirements and to preserve the society  Moral truths are temporary and changeable depending on the situation  Some of its tenets are as follows  Matter is the only reality  Man is a matter and does not have spiritual soul  Man is free and must exercise his freedom to promote the welfare of society  There is no life after death  Man is accountable only to the stateProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 15. Ethical Approaches  THEISTIC APPROACH  Assumes that God is the Supreme Lawgiver  Everything must conform to God’s Eternal Plan of creation  Man must exercise his freedom in accordance with God’s will  There are absolute principles of morality which are not changeable  Man is accountable for his actions and deserves rewards or punishments in this life or the next  Some of their tenets are as follows  God is the Supreme Creator and Law giver  Man is free and must use his freedom to promote his personal interest among with that of others  Man has an immortal soul  Man is accountable for his actions, both good and EvilProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 16. General and Special Ethics  General Ethics – about the principles of morality. It explains the norms with which the moral significance of human act is determined  Special ethics – the application of the principles of General ethics into the problems and issues confronting a person on account of his circumstances in life, for instance as a citizen, neighbor, worker, wife, husband or childProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1
  • 17. Reading: WHAT IS ETHICS by: Jovito R. Salonga  Points raised  Ethics is the discipline dealing with the right and wrong  Common sense tells us that things that are right are the things that help the people and the society at large  It has a practical dimension – reciprocity; as reflected in the Golden rule “Do unto other what you want others to do unto you” or its negative “Do not do unto others what you do not want others to do unto you”  It has a spiritual dimension – why we feel shame or guilt ; conscience  Abe Lincoln said “ When I do good I feel good. When I do bad I feel bad”  Our best moments are not the times when we are a lot of money but moments when what we did meant a lot good to othersProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 1