Biodesign 30 living things


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A descriptive presentation of different living things and their characteristics.

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Biodesign 30 living things

  1. 1. BIODESIGN Taste // Sight // Hearing // Smell // Touch Marijose Pacheco 1134289 Astrid Tellez Laura Velazquez 1134461
  2. 2. TOUCH Name: Mimosa pudica Function: Perceive, protect, modify. Description: Leaves of the sensitive plant protect themselves from predators and environmental conditions by folding in response to touch.
  3. 3. Arabidopsis thaliana Name: Arabidopsis thaliana Function: Process info, sensitivity , mechanical forces. Description: Stems of wall cress are less elongated in windy conditions due to a touch-response system called thigmomorpho-genesis, that turns on specific genes in response to touch that regulate growth.
  4. 4. PrionotusPrionotus Name: Prionotus- Prionotus Function:, Taste potential food using taste buds located on their lips. Description: The long, slender fins of some species of fish, bear taste buds at their tips, enabling them to taste a potential food just by touching it.
  5. 5. Venus flytrap Name: Venus flytrap Function: Chemicals, sensitivity, process info Description: The rapid closure of the Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) leaf in about 100 ms is one of the fastest movements in the plant kingdom. The trap closure is initiated by the mechanical stimulation of trigger hairs.
  6. 6. Calliphora vicina Name: Calliphora vicina Function: Touch and mechanical forces, sensitivity, process info Description: Exoskeleton of insects detects strain and load change via campaniform sensilla.
  7. 7. Passiflora Name: Passiflora Function: Move, attachment, touch Description: Vetches and passion flowers have modified some of their leaves even more extremely and converted them into tendrils. These grope around in space until they touch the stem of another and swiftly coil around it.
  8. 8. SMELL Name: gray wolf Function: Process info, sensitivity, disease Description: The noses of some domestic dogs can detect some forms of cancer in humans via an acute sense of smell.
  9. 9. Maneater shark Name: Maneater shark Function: Process info, sensitivity, chemicals Description: The nostrils of great white sharks can detect minute quantities of blood due to highly sensitive nasal sacs.
  10. 10. Plantae Name: plantae Function: Maintain physical integrity, protection Description: The leaves of some plants protect from webworm caterpillars and other pests because as they are chewed, they release a chemical combination of acids and alcohols that attracts pesteating yellow jackets.
  11. 11. Orchidaceae Name: Orchidaceae Function: Process info, sensitivity, chemicals Description: The flowers of individual plants of a given orchid species improve the odds for successful pollination by producing a scent unique to that plant.
  12. 12. Reptilia Name: Reptilia Function: Process info, sensitivity, chemicals Description: The tongues of many reptiles help detect odors by gathering scent particles and transferring them to a chemoreceptor organ.
  13. 13. Saturniidae   Name: Saturniidae Function: Process info, sensitivity, chemicals Description: The antennae of silkworm moths increase sensitivity to odors because the shape and structure of sensillae direct air flow through them.
  14. 14. SIGHT Name: kingfishers Function : Red droplets in the cone cells of kingfisher eyes may allow sight through water or glare by acting as chromatic filters. Description: Kingfishers have specialized eyes and excellent eyesight. The retina of each eye has two fovea. The cone cells have a high proportion of red droplets, which may act as chromatic filters, allowing sight through the surface of the water.
  15. 15. Sea urchina Name: Sea urchin Function: The body of purple sea urchins may allow spatial vision due to diffuse photoreceptors on the body surface and spines that shield wide-angle light. Description: Sea urchins don't seem to have any problems avoiding predators or finding comfortable dark corners to hide in, but they appear to do all this without eyes. They use the whole surface of their bodies as a compound eye, and the animals' spines may shield their bodies from light coming from wide angles to enable them to pick out relatively fine visual detail.
  16. 16. Green pitcher-plant Name: Green pitcher-plant Function: Liquid found in trumpet pitcherplants digests insects enzymatically Description: The hood at the top is much bigger and so vividly coloured that it might be mistaken at first sight for a flower. Nectar glands cover these hoods so densely that they glisten. Additional glands are scattered rather more thinly all over the outer surface of the trumpet itself and the liquid within is more potent than the Venezuelan marsh pitchers, for it is quite capable by itself of digesting insects without any help from bacteria.
  17. 17. Alabama cavefish Name: Alabama cavefish Function: The bodies of Alabama cavefish allow them to survive without vision via elaborate appendages and beefed-up nerve centers. Description: Instead of vision, many [troglobites] have elaborate appendages and beefed-up nerve centers to interpret slight air-pressure or temperature changes, sounds, and smells.
  18. 18. Whirligig beetle Name: Whirligig beetle Function: The compound eyes of a whirligig beetle allow clear vision in both water and air because they are adapted to work much like bifocal Description: Has compound eyes which are adapted like bifocal glasses to see both upwards into the air and downwards below the water surface.
  19. 19. Tapetum lucidum Name: Tapetum lucidum Function: The tapetum lucidum of many vertebrates enhances night vision by reflecting light back to photoreceptors in the eye. Description: Biologic reflector system that is a common feature in the eyes of vertebrates. It normally functions to provide the light-sensitive retinal cells with a second opportunity for photonphotoreceptor stimulation, thereby enhancing visual sensitivity at low light levels
  20. 20. TASTE Name: Ictalurus punctatus Function: Taste buds (aprox. 250,000) Description: sensory organs comprised of cells that detect the molecules that constitute flavor, are located all over the catfish's body. Application: Smoke and fire detection
  21. 21. Lepidoptera Name: Cyprinidae Function: Chemoreceptors on its feet Description: A butterfly's taste sensors are located on the bottom of its feet. Application: Food industry, biosensors, agriculture, medical
  22. 22. Oligochaeta Name: Oligochaeta Function: Chemoreceptors Description: Chemoreceptors are tiny sense organs which detect chemicals in the soil. Application: biosensors, agriculture.
  23. 23. Oryctolagus cuniculus Name: Oryctolagus cuniculus Function: 17,000 taste buds Description: There are two structures on the tongue that carry taste buds: mushroom-shaped lobes ("fungiform papillae") and leafshaped lobes ("foliate papillae"). Application: detect and avoid potentially toxic plants.
  24. 24. Sus scrofa domesticus Name: Sus Function: 15,000 taste buds Description: They use smell to communicate with each other and can taste whether things are good or bad for them to eat. Application: detect and avoid bad tasting food.
  25. 25. HEARING Name: Python regius Function: Bone conductive hearing Description: Sound vibrations are picked up through the snakes jawbone, they travel to a cochlear mechanism within the snakes auditory system and there transmitted to the brain. Application: Cochlear Americas, Baha System
  26. 26. Cyprinus carpio Name: Cyprinidae Function: The Weberian organ, three specialized vertebral processes that transfer vibrations in the swim bladder to the inner ear. Description: The Weberian apparatus is an anatomical structure that connects the swim bladder to the auditory system in fishes belonging to the Superorder Ostariophysi.
  27. 27. Cricket Name: Gryllus bimaculatus Function: have tympanums on their forelegs Description: Crickets can locate conspecifics by phonotaxis to the calling (mating) song they produce, and can evade bats by negative phonotaxis from echolocation calls. Application: Hearing aids, location of sound sources.
  28. 28. Grasshopper Name: Orthoptera Function: Have tympanums on their abdomen Description: The angle at which sound strikes the slits affects the strength in which it reaches the drum, so the grasshopper, by waving its legs in the air, can discover the direction from which a call is coming Application: Mining, utilities, construction, transportation,
  29. 29. Delphinus Name: Delphinus Function: Dolphins have a well-developed, acute sense of hearing. Description: The dolphin's auditory nerve is about twice the diameter of the human eighth nerve. They hear tones with a frequency up to 160 kHz. Soft tissue and bone conduct sound to a dolphin's middle and inner ears. Application: Highly accurate medical ultrasound machines that without the radiation dangers and energy expenditure of MRIs and CTs.
  30. 30. Elephas maximus Name: Elephas maximus Function: Have a hearing range between 1 and 20,000 Hz. Description: Elephants frequently use infrasonic sounds, which are sounds emitted below the human hearing range, in long— distance communication.
  31. 31. Reference h#p:// h#p:// content/ar7cles/Research/Hearing/ 26145-­‐Do-­‐snakes-­‐have-­‐ears