The art of the 18 th century built on the tendencies of earlier periods: refinement, delicacy, intellectualism, emotion, and secularism
While 17 th century art examined reality, 18 th century art investigated the mind, the human psyche: fantasies, reveries, ideas and ideals
The Bourbons of France significantly influenced the art style of this time
R o c o c o
One of the most dominant styles of this era
Characterized much of French art
A style which was excessively ornate, it maintained the same focus on decoration as did its predecessor, the Baroque style. Rococo, however, was (in both technique and subject matter) lighter than Baroque. It exaggerated elegance rather than grandeur, light colors rather than dark ones, and subjects which were less serious.
Portraiture, landscapes, aristocratic excursions were popular subjects
Rococo spread to Germany, Austria, Russia, Spain and northern Italy, but did not achieve much popularity in England.
Jean-Antoine Watteau Les Charmes de la Vie 1718 Elisabeth Vig é e-Lebrun Self Portrait in a Straw Hat After 1782
N e o – c l a s s i c I s m
An 18 th century revival of the ancient Greek and Roman classics
Focus was on aesthetic ideals rather than individual expression:
- Rational forms
- Idealized beauty
- Precision and clarity
Neoclassic artists used classical forms to express their ideas about courage, sacrifice, and love of country.
Jacques-Louis David Napoleon at St. Bernard 1800
Giovanni Paolo Panini Gallery of Views of Modern Rome 1759