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# Drafting

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### Drafting

1. 1. DRAFTING
2. 2. The systematic representation and dimensional specification and mechanical and architectural structure. The creation of artistic pictures or diagrams.
3. 3. Drawing  Is learning the skill to train our hands in order to develop our abilities and interests to draw
4. 4. QUALIFYING SKILLS THAT ANY DRAWER MUST POSSESS:  He must have the ability to interpret a working drawing.  He must know how to read symbols.  He must understand the alphabet of lines and drawing specifications.  He must have the ability to draw different styles of letters.  He should know how to draw and apply different shades in coloring.
5. 5. Drawing Instruments, Tools and Materials
6. 6. A. Tools, Instruments and Equipment 1. Triangles – they are usually made of transparent plastic which are used for drawing oblique and vertical lines.
7. 7. 2. Triangular Scales -English Scales -Metric Scales -they are made of wood, plastic or metal, which are use for drawing an object on a paper by scaling the sizes.
8. 8. 3. Drawing Board A portable board made of softwood, wherein a drawing paper is fastened on top.  Their working edge should be perfectly straight and their surface is trim and smooth.
9. 9. 4. Protractor   Is used for measuring and laying out arcs and circles as well as angles that cannot be measured with either the 45°or the 30° x 60° triangles. It is half-circle shaped instrument, made of transparent plastic used for guiding a draftsman in drawing different angles.
10. 10. 5. Compasses    Is used for drawing arcs and circles. It is made of the lower portion of the pencil leg. It is removable and to e replaced when needed. The pen and the needle point leg are held together by a handle.
11. 11. 6. T-square    Is an instrument used for drawing horizontal lines. It is also used to support the triangle for drawing vertical or inclined line Are made of wood, plastic or metal.