Weather and climate

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Differences between weather and climate, factors that affect climate, instruments to study the weather and the climate.

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Weather and climate

  1. 1. WEATHER AND CLIMATE Weather is what the forecasters on the TV news predict each day. They tell people about the temperature, cloudiness, humidity , storms... It is the mix of events that happens each day in our atmosphere. Weather is not the same everywhere. It may be hot and sunny in one part of the world, but freezing and snowy in another.
  2. 2. WEATHER AND CLIMATE Climate is the average weather in a place over many years. While the weather can change in just a few hours, climate takes hundreds, thousands, even millions of years to change. Sometimes the climate of a place is described with graphs like this. They are known as climatograms.
  3. 3. CLIMATE A number of factors influence the climates found around the globe. Some of them are:  Latitude  Altitude  Proximity to the sea
  4. 4. CLIMATE This is because the Earth is tilted. This way, the closer you Latitude is the are to the Equator, the hotter distance a region is the climate is going to be. from the equator, to the north or south. A regions latitude determines how much solar energy it receives from the sun.
  5. 5. CLIMATE Altitude refers to the vertical distance between the lowest point and the highest point of an area. A lands altitude is calculated by measuring the distance As we go higher and from sea level to the higher, the climate highest point. becomes cooler.
  6. 6. CLIMATE Distance from the sea: land heats and cools faster than the sea. Therefore, coastal On the coast winters are mild areas have a lower and summers are cool. In inland temperature range areas temperatures are high in than those areas the summer and cold in the inland. winter.
  7. 7. THE STUDY OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE  Weather stations have meteorological instruments to get information about the weather conditions. Some of these instruments are: Wind gauges Rain gauges (anemometers) andThermometers Barometers (pluviometers) weather vanes

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