Basic geography terms


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Main geographic terms such as island, gulf, jungle, bay, etc.

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Basic geography terms

  1. 1. It’s a group of islands.The Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands are examples of archipelagos.
  2. 2. It’s a body of water that is partially enclosed by land.An example is the bay of Biscay.
  3. 3.  It’s the part of the shore of an ocean, sea, large river, lake, etc., washed by the tide or waves.
  4. 4. It’s a deep gorge, often created by a stream or river.The Grand Canyon is the most popular.
  5. 5. It’s a point or head of land projecting into a body of water.Cape Finisterre is in Galicia.
  6. 6. It’s a hollow in the earth, especially opening more or less horizontally into a hill, mountain, etc.
  7. 7. It’s a length of water wider than a strait joining two large areas of water, such as seas.The English Channel is in Europe.
  8. 8. It’s a steep rock-face near to the sea.The Cliffs of Moher in Ireland are enormous!
  9. 9. It’s a triangular tract of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river, typically where it diverges into several outlets.The Nile ends in a large delta that emptie s into the Mediterranean Sea.
  10. 10. Atacama desert is inChile. It’s a dry area of land that gets very little rain.
  11. 11. It’s a large area of trees.
  12. 12. It’s a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of hot water and steam into the air.
  13. 13. It’s a slowly moving mass of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles.
  14. 14. It’s a large area of grass-covered land, especially used for pasturage.
  15. 15. It’s a deep inlet of the sea almost surrounded by land, with a narrow mouth.
  16. 16. It’s a naturally raised area of land.It’s not as high as a mountain.
  17. 17. It’s a large mass of ice floating into the sea.
  18. 18. It’s a piece of land surrounded by water.
  19. 19. It’s a narrow strip of land with sea on either side, linking two larger areas of land.
  20. 20. It’s an area of land with dense forest and tangled vegetation, typically found in tropical areas.
  21. 21. It’s a large area of water surrounded by land.
  22. 22. It’s an area of low-lying land which is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains waterlogged at all times.
  23. 23. It’s an elevation of the earths surface rising abruptly and to a large height from the surrounding level.o It’s higher than a hill.
  24. 24. It’s a large mass of water.It’s larger than a sea.
  25. 25.  It’s a piece of land surrounded by water except by one side.
  26. 26. It’s a large area of flat land with few trees.
  27. 27. It’s a flat area of high ground.
  28. 28. It’s a large natural flow of water travelling along a channel to the sea, a lake, or Rivers usually form another river. meanders in their middle course.
  29. 29. It’s a mass of salt water smaller than an ocean.
  30. 30. It’s a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or other large areas of water.
  31. 31. It’s a small, narrow river.
  32. 32. It’s a vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.
  33. 33. It’s a mountain or hill having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapour, and gas are or have been erupted to the earths crust.
  34. 34. It’s a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice.