A Semantic Approach to Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration

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Along with the latest developments in ICT, more specifically Social Media and Web 2.0 tools, there is a tendency towards the use of online services in research and education. This is often referred to as Research 2.0 and Technology Enhanced Learning. Web 2.0 tools are especially useful in cases where experts from different disciplines want to collaborate. There is need for an integrated method that embeds these services in research and learning processes, because it is a laborious task for researchers and learners to check and use all varying types of tools and services. In this paper we explain a flexible model that uses state-of-the-art semantic technologies to model both structured and unstructured research data. The research data is extracted from many online resources and Social Media. We implement learning objects as an abstraction of the semantically modeled research data. We propose an environment that improves the scientific research and learning process by allowing researchers to efficiently browse the information and concepts represented as learning objects.

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  • Are we there yet?(merely faster ways of doing the same as before when there were real libraries with real books)Online Seminars: CourseraDigital Libraries: Web of Science, PubMedLet’s build a interactive integrated environment for this:name it Personal Learning Environment, Research 2.0 Toolset…
  • Connect people that have existing experience with resources / objects that the other have no experience with. The system helps to connect those people as it is in principle impossible to know what the other person already has experienced. The (re)usable object abstraction of resources makes it possible to do that. ‘behind the scenes’
  • Representation aimed at end-user and navigation between objects.
  • A Semantic Approach to Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration

    1. 1. ELIS – Multimedia LabA Semantic Approach to Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) MultimediaLab Department of Electronics and Information Systems Ghent University – IBBT
    2. 2. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 2/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    3. 3. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 3/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    4. 4. ELIS – Multimedia Lab Introduction: How we find things. (1/3)Points Of Interest Things we want to find Time, Cost, Value and Distance Measures A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 4/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    5. 5. ELIS – Multimedia LabIntroduction: How we find things. (2/3) To find material for learning or research we now have: Google Online Seminars The Web Social Media Digital Libraries But can we navigate, instead of randomly hopping and querying? A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 5/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    6. 6. ELIS – Multimedia LabIntroduction: Hold on! One single integrated tool to solve it all? No, not exactly… Hikers Drivers Pilots Additionaly: We still need to learn how to interpret information Need good information infrastructure A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 6/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    7. 7. ELIS – Multimedia LabIntroduction: How we find things. (3/3) Interactive Integrated Environment(Learning) Objects Entities ‘(re)usable, ‘describe and connect things’ real-world things’ Measures A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 7/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    8. 8. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 8/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    9. 9. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 9/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    10. 10. ELIS – Multimedia LabWhat? Facilitate Collaboration A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 10/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    11. 11. ELIS – Multimedia LabWhat? Overview A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 11/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    12. 12. ELIS – Multimedia LabWhat? Measuring Quality of Entities A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 12/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    13. 13. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 13/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    14. 14. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 14/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    15. 15. ELIS – Multimedia Lab How? From Real World to Entity Space The conference Bob is on a venue in Europe Bob organizes a Conference The talk is at Bob’s Anna Anna conferenceReal World and Bob participatesOnline activities invites Anna Entitiesare being convertedto Entities Anna gives a talk Anna writes a paper about The talk is Research 3.0 about Anna’s paper A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 15/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    16. 16. ELIS – Multimedia LabHow? From Entity Space to Object Space (1/2) Europe Bob Anna :label :name :name /l/eu /p/bob /p/anna :location :speaker :organizer :author :participant /c/bobs /t/annas12 /d/doi12 :talk :about :title :title :title Bob’s Conference About Research 3.0 A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 16/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    17. 17. ELIS – Multimedia Lab How? From Entity Space to Object Space (2/2)Bob’s Conference BoHas a talk “About Research 3.0” Bob’s ConferenceLocated in a place “Europe”Has organizer a person “Bob”Has participant a person “Anna” Bob Bob Organized a conference “Bob’s conference” A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 17/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    18. 18. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 18/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    19. 19. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 19/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    20. 20. ELIS – Multimedia LabEvaluation Design based research methodology, involving end-user Prototypes to test and demonstrate important aspects of proposed approach Done POC – Iteration 1: Browse research affinities Currently in progress POC – Iteration 2: Dynamic alignment of multiple resources Scheduled POC – Iteration 3: Transformation of entity space to object space POC – Iteration 4: Quality analysis of entities and objects POC – Iteration 5: Transformation of object space to research space A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 20/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    21. 21. ELIS – Multimedia LabEvaluation: POC 1 Browsing Research Affinities Tags, Posts, Concepts Conferences Locations Mentions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 21/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    22. 22. ELIS – Multimedia LabEvaluation: POC 2 Dynamic Resource Aligment Publication Metadata, Authors, Topics, R eferences Notes, Tags, Web Snippets A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 22/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    23. 23. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 23/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    24. 24. ELIS – Multimedia LabOverviewIntroductionWhat?How?EvaluationConclusions A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 24/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    25. 25. ELIS – Multimedia LabConclusions and Future Work Conclusions Enrichment of Social media Data with Linked data: Useful framework for research and learning environments Creation of such an environment: Done with current state-of-the art technologies Encourages contributions from a supportive community Facilitates collaboration Next steps (Near Future) Test, evaluate and implement quality measures. Run information retrieval metrics by simulated scenarios Challenges (Future) Refine detection of common (predefined) objects such as: Events, People, Locations, Documents... Interface for user to describe and select objects to view Automatic grouping of entities and conversion to objects Pathfinding between objects and display of people connected A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 25/28 Villach, 27-09-2012
    26. 26. ELIS – Multimedia LabReferencesRefer to the accompanying paper for detailed reference list.Laurens De Vochtlaurens.devocht@ugent.be@laurens_d_vhttp://www.slideshare.net/laurensdv/ A Semantic Approach To Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration Laurens De Vocht (@laurens_d_v) 26/28 Villach, 27-09-2012

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