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Imperialism review jeopardy updated

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  • 1. Imperialism (General) Africa China Japan India 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500
  • 2. _________ is when a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation socially, economically, or politically.
  • 3. Imperialism
  • 4. A country or a region governed internally by a foreign power is called ____________. Example: French controlled SaintDomingue
  • 5. Colony
  • 6. A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power is called a_________________.
  • 7. Protectorate
  • 8. What is the difference between ECONOMIC IMPERIALISM and a SPHERE OF INFLUENCE?
  • 9. Economic Imperialism is when an independent but less developed nation is controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments. For example, the British East India Company controlling India. A sphere of influence is an area or region in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges. China was split into spheres of influence.
  • 10. Identify and explain THREE potential motives (reasons why) a country would take control of another country (engage in imperialism).
  • 11. 1. Exploratory: -Find and map new territory -Learn about the plants and animals (flora and fauna) of different lands -Learn about the native population of newly “discovered” areas 2. Political: -Claim land for the “mother country” -Keep up with the competition -Control another country’s gov’t, POWER 3. Ideological: -Civilizing mission bring civilization to the “heathens” of the world, improve” their lives -Rooted in Social Darwinism and Racism 4. Religious: -Convince people that their religion is wrong/evil -Convert people to the “true religion” which for most Europeans was -Change beliefs of next generation Christianity 5. Economic: -Make money through taking raw materials (which will then be used to make products) and the sale of these products to the area being taken over. -MONEY
  • 12. The _______________ was one of the first colonies. It was controlled by the Belgians.
  • 13. Congo
  • 14. Who was leader of Belgium from 1865-1909?
  • 15. King Leopold II
  • 16. What happened at the Berlin Conference?
  • 17. During this meeting, which took place from 1884-85, representatives from European nations decided on rules for the European colonization of Africa. The African continent was essentially “split up” by the Europeans.
  • 18. King Describe Leopold’s rule of the Congo. (Provide details.)
  • 19. He was a harsh ruler who ruthlessly exploited the resources of the Congo. Through fear tactics, he kept the Congolese people “in line” and forced them to work extracting rubber and other raw materials from the country.
  • 20. Why were Europeans able to colonize Africa?
  • 21. The development of new technology (steam engine/steam ship) and war materials (Maxim Gun) as well as medical advances (the “discovery” of quinine as a preventative for malaria) allowed for European colonization of Africa.
  • 22. In 1839, the _____________broke out when Britain refused to stop selling opium in China.
  • 23. Opium
  • 24. Define self-sufficient.
  • 25. When a country does not depend on trade to support its people.
  • 26. What is the Boxer Rebellion and why did it happen?
  • 27. A 1900 rebellion in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
  • 28. What war did the Treaty of Nanjing end and what were some of its terms? (i.e. What did the Treaty do?)
  • 29. The Treaty ended the Opium War. The Treaty expanded British trading rights in China and forced to China to give Britain Hong Kong. (Side note: The Treaty also forced the Chinese to pay for opium that had been confiscated (taken) by the Chinese emperor during the war & for war damages.)
  • 30. What were some of China’s internal problems during the early 1800s?
  • 31. -Rapid population growth, food production doesn’t keep up -Government corruption -Opium addiction
  • 32. He was the emperor of Japan from 18671912.
  • 33. Mutsuhito
  • 34. Define Annexation.
  • 35. The adding of a region or territory to an existing political unit. Example: Japan took over Korea.
  • 36. What changes did the Japanese emperor make during the Meiji Era?
  • 37. -Modernization (changes to gov’t, army, schools) -Industrialization
  • 38. What countries signed the Treaty of Kanagawa and what did the Treaty of Kanagawa do (2 things)?
  • 39. -US & Japan -Opened up two ports & allowed US to set up an embassy in Japan
  • 40. 1)Who fought in the RussoJapanese War? 2)What were they fighting over? 3) Who won? 4) Why is this a big deal?
  • 41. 1) Japan & Russia 2) Desire of both Japan & Russia to dominate Manchuria & Korea 3) Japan 4) Major upset to the status quo
  • 42. What is the name of the empire that controlled (much of) India from 1526-1858.
  • 43. Mughal Empire
  • 44. Define Raj.
  • 45. The British controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947.
  • 46. Who are the sepoys and why did they mutiny?
  • 47. 1) Indian soldiers fighting under British command. 2) Immediate: Issues regarding beef/pork fat in rifle cartridges. Deeper: British disrespect /disregard of their religion and practice.
  • 48. Name and describe two religions present in India at this time (that we talked about)
  • 49. -Islam -Hinduism -Sikhism Descriptions will vary.
  • 50. Who was Gandhi and what did he do?
  • 51. -Gandhi was a supporter of Indian independence and promoted nonviolent resistance. He was a major leader and a large part of the success of the Indian independence movement.
  • 52. WAGER! You may wager up to as many points as your team currently has. You will have 5 minutes to respond to this question. Your answer will be submitted in writing.
  • 53. What were the economic, social, and political legacies/long term impacts of imperialism on the various areas we studied? (You can respond generally and provide specific examples.)