European Conquest of
Latin America and the
Caribbean
Latin America
A term used to identify the areas
of South of the US whose official
languages are
Spanish, Portuguese, or Fr...
Common Usage in the US
In the US, when people
use the term “Latin
America,” they are
often only talking
about countries wh...
European Conquests
Starting in the late 1400’s, various
European countries, including
Portugal, Spain, and
France, began c...
Colonies
These
settlements, whic
h stayed under the
control of the
mother country
(the country that
claimed the
land), are...
Why colonize?
European nations wanted colonies
for many reasons.
3Gs:
-God
-Glory
-Gold
Hispaniola
-The island of Hispaniola (modern day Haiti
and Dominican Republic) is located in the
Caribbean.
Settlement of the Island
● In 1492, Columbus, working for
Spain, landed on the island of
Hispaniola. He set up the first
E...
What’s Next
Over the course of the next
several days, we are going to
explore the reasons for and
impact of the Haitian
Re...
Homework
Read “The Creation of Saint
Domingue (P1)”, pages 1-10.
Highlight/Underline any key
points in the reading.
Answer...
Unfamiliar Terms
Abolition: putting something to end by law
(most often used to refer to the end of slavery)
Indigenous Po...
Unfamiliar Terms (Cont’d)
Fugitive slaves: runaway slaves
Deforestation: to cut down or clear
away trees (often used when ...
European conquest of latin american and the caribbean
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European conquest of latin american and the caribbean

  1. 1. European Conquest of Latin America and the Caribbean
  2. 2. Latin America A term used to identify the areas of South of the US whose official languages are Spanish, Portuguese, or French (derived from Latin): Mexico, South America, Central America, and certain islands in the Caribbean.
  3. 3. Common Usage in the US In the US, when people use the term “Latin America,” they are often only talking about countries where people speak Spanish or Portuguese (i.e. Mexico, Brazil, etc.) and not French speaking areas (Haiti).
  4. 4. European Conquests Starting in the late 1400’s, various European countries, including Portugal, Spain, and France, began claiming land and establishing settlements throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.
  5. 5. Colonies These settlements, whic h stayed under the control of the mother country (the country that claimed the land), are known as colonies.
  6. 6. Why colonize? European nations wanted colonies for many reasons. 3Gs: -God -Glory -Gold
  7. 7. Hispaniola -The island of Hispaniola (modern day Haiti and Dominican Republic) is located in the Caribbean.
  8. 8. Settlement of the Island ● In 1492, Columbus, working for Spain, landed on the island of Hispaniola. He set up the first European establishment in this part of the world. ● Later, the island was colonized by both the French and Spanish. ● The Spanish part was called Santo Domingo. The French part, Saint-Domingue.
  9. 9. What’s Next Over the course of the next several days, we are going to explore the reasons for and impact of the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804).
  10. 10. Homework Read “The Creation of Saint Domingue (P1)”, pages 1-10. Highlight/Underline any key points in the reading. Answer study guide questions 1-11.
  11. 11. Unfamiliar Terms Abolition: putting something to end by law (most often used to refer to the end of slavery) Indigenous Population: the people who are originally from an area; native inhabitants Subsistence agriculture: crops that are grown to meet people’s basic needs (compared to growing crops to make a profit.)
  12. 12. Unfamiliar Terms (Cont’d) Fugitive slaves: runaway slaves Deforestation: to cut down or clear away trees (often used when people are concerned about the number of trees that have been cut down)
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