Unit 25: More Infinitives
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Unit 25: More Infinitives

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Focus on Grammar 3, Unit 25: More Infinitives

Focus on Grammar 3, Unit 25: More Infinitives

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Unit 25: More Infinitives Unit 25: More Infinitives Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 25: More Infinitives p. 346-347: Purpose – WHY? adj./adverb + infinitive
  • Group Work: Group 1: Norma Iwona Cassie / Zhaoting Cai / Iris Group 2: Yuosf Dan Midori Xiaoxiao / Tiny Group 3: James Astrid Renei Raed Group 4: Hammam Rena Joe Group 5: Peng Yu Zhang Erina Mohammed Group 6: Barbosa Elo Adeeb Gang Zhou
  • 1: use an infinitive to show purpose • Why did you go to the mall? – I went to the mall to buy a new phone. – I went to the mall not to shop online. • Why did you come to UNI? – I came here to study business. – I came here to improve my English. • Shortened versions: – To study business. – Not to shop online. negative
  • 1: “in order to” • Why did you go to the mall? – I went to the mall in order to get a new phone. – I went to the mall to get a new phone. • Why do you use your GPS? – I use it in order to not get lost. – I use it to not get lost. • “because / so” – I went to the mall because I wanted to get a new phone. – I use it so I don’t get lost. New, formal grammar Purpose: why?
  • • Complete p. 348, Ex. 2 and p. 349, Ex. 3 He took the bus not to be late. We turned our phone off not to get any calls. She recorded her favorite TV show not to miss it. She went to the electronics store to buy a new phone. d a e c Change the sentences. Use infinitives.
  • (in order) to drive to Montreal. (in order) to pass it. (in order) to get more gas. (in order) to exchange money. (in order) to buy fruits and vegetables. (in order) to have coffee. (in order) to communicate with her.
  • 1a: “to go to sleep” • Purpose? –Why did you go? • I go to sleep. I go in order to sleep. • I go to dream. I go in order to dream. • Place? –I went to sleep. –I went to dreamland.
  • adj/adverb + infinitive • It’s simple to understand. • We worked hard to finish on time. • She ran quickly to get to class on time. • Complete p. 350, Ex. 4
  • to use to spend to carry to watch to find out to own
  • 3: adj. + for (person) + infinitive • It’s easy for you to speak to people. • It’s difficult for me to talk to others.
  • 3: too/enough + adj. + infinitive • It was too expensive to buy. • She is too annoying to talk to. See how “too” is first? too + adj. • Grammar is easy enough to understand. See how “enough” is second? adj. + enough Not possible Possible
  • • Complete p. 351, Ex. 5 not too early to call her / early enough to call her. too quickly for me to understand. well enough to pass his driving test. cheap enough for him to get. too busy to go to a movie tonight.
  • Group Work: Group 1: Norma Iwona Cassie / Zhaoting Cai / Iris Group 2: Yuosf Dan Midori Xiaoxiao / Tiny Group 3: James Astrid Renei Raed Group 4: Hammam Rena Joe Group 5: Peng Yu Zhang Erina Mohammed Group 6: Barbosa Elo Adeeb Gang Zhou Complete the handouts a) “Unit 25: More Infinitives” b) “Cell Phone Comparisons” c) “Unit 19: Adjectives and Adverbs.”
  • Writing: • Write your first draft of your paragraph. Use your outline. – Use gerunds and infinitives. – Use a lot of adjectives and adverbs! – Don’t worry about the conclusion sentence yet. – When you’re finished, turn in your paragraph and outline.
  • Homework: • Review Gerunds & Infinitives. Take a practice handout! You’ll find the answers on the last page. • Preview Unit 26. Complete the “Preview” handout. We’ll review this tomorrow. • Complete your journal and discussion on eLearning. • You’ll write a journal in class tomorrow.