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Forming the passive
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Azar Grammar: Blue Edition

Azar Grammar: Blue Edition
Ch. 11: Forming the Passive

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Forming the passive Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 11: THE PASSIVE VOICE Writing 5
  • 2. FIRST: ACTIVE VOICE  The child washes the dishes. subject verb object  We are learning English. subject verb object  The boy has kicked the ball. subject verb object
  • 3. PARTS OF THE SENTENCE  The child washes the dishes. S V O What’s the action? wash Who does the action? What “gets” the action? The child the dishes We’ll call this the receive r. We’ll call this the agent.
  • 4. FORMING THE PASSIVE  How do I make passive verbs? Passive Form = be + past participle This can be any verb tense! Present, past, future, perfect…
  • 5.  The child washes the dishes. (agent) (action, active voice) (receiver) Subject verb object subject verb  The dishes are washed by the child. FORMING THE PASSIVE The dishes (receiver) are washed (action, passive voice) by the child. (agent)
  • 6. TRANSITIVE VERBS  The passive voice can only be used with transitive verbs.  These are verbs that have an object. We can’t find the answers. (subject) (verb) (object) James didn’t enjoy the party. (subject) (verb) (object) The Marlins have built a house. (subject) (verb) (object)
  • 7. INTRANSITIVE VERBS  It is not possible to make passive voice with intransitive verbs.  These verbs CANNOT have an object. ACTIVE: We agree. (subject) (verb) (no object) PASSIVE: Ø  More examples of intransitive verbs: p. 439 agree arrive go happen occur die sleep walk These verbs CANNOT be passive voice.